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Cryptonym: SEQUIN

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Unknown identity. A report in December, 1953, stated that SEQUIN was a principal agent for the intelligence nets operating in Guatemala.
SEQUIN was described in a CIA report in around September of 1954 as an administrative coordinator. A cable on 23 January, 1954, mentioned that the U.S. State Department had reported the previous day that SECANT (Major Enrique Trinidad Oliva) was under arrest and SEQUIN's house had been searched by Guatemalan police. A telegram on 31 January, 1954, stated that SEQUIN was known by Delgado (probably Jorge Isaac) and SECANT. A report on Operation PBSUCCESS in around November of 1954 mentioned that SEQUIN fled to El Salvador early in February 1954, after the White Paper expose, and resumed his operations from that country.

A cable on 28 May, 1954, stated that SEQUIN could be identified as a SYNCARP (the "Junta", Castillo Armas' political organization headed by Cordova Cerna) representative. A dispatch on 4 June, 1954, mentioned that Licenciado Luis Coronado Lira of F.A.G.E. was SEQUIN's general assistant, who along with Alberto Molino Menocal, were the two people that SEQUIN relied on the most.

A dispatch on 12 June, 1954, stated that two of SEQUIN's contacts in El Salvador included Minister of Interior, Lemus, and Salvadoran Ambassador to Honduras, Adolfo Rubio Melhado. Both were former classmates of Carlos Castillo Armas' at an air force school in the U.S. Another contact of SEQUIN's was Manuel Diaz Sal, Captain of Ilopango Airport. A cable on 26 June, 1954, mentioned that SEQUIN had advised that communications between himself and Castillo Armas had been handled in the past by Jorge Isaac Delgado, a Costa Rican national resident of Nicaragua, who piloted a small plane and travelled between Central American countries. SEQUIN's pseudonym was apparently Ingeniero Viniteco.


12/15/53: Stage One Report: Annex B: Friendly Assets and Potential: Pages 16-18: ANNEX B: PART II: B. HONDURAS..."The first group is controlled by a resident principal agent (SEQUIN) who reports via couriers directly to RUFUS (Carlos Castillo Armas) and who acts as a principal agent for the nets operating within Guatemala...Since SEQUIN is living in Guatemala City and is unable to leave...The entire RUFUS intelligence structure in Guatemala is controlled and run by SEQUIN who has RUFUS' full confidence and runs the network at his discretion...Nets in Guatemala: Net #1 - Reporting agent, SISTRUM, a Colonel in (REDACTION) section of the Guatemalan Army General Staff...SISTRUM passes his reports to a friend, (SISTRUM-2), who in turn gives them to his sister, who passes them directly to SEQUIN. Net #2 - Reporting agent, SACHET, a sergeant in the G-2 section of the Guatemalan Army General Headquarters. SACHET is related to SEQUIN, and makes periodic visits to SEQUIN's home to deliver his reports...Net #3 - Reporting agent, SCARLET, a major in the Guatemalan Air Force...SCARLET communicates with SEQUIN through SCARLET-2, a Guatemalan doctor who takes flying lesson from SCARLET...Net #4 - This net is controlled by SHINGLE who allegedly has numerous informants in opposition political groups as well as the revolutionary groups now in power in Guatemala. SHINGLE also controls SLEEKER, a communist party penetration agent, presently employed as a clerk in party headquarters in Guatemala City...SHINGLE's brother acts as a cut-out between SHINGLE and SEQUIN. Net #5 - SEQUIN's contact with his informants in the various military districts is maintained by SONNET, who under travelling salesman cover, visits the interior of the country at periodic intervals and collects reports from informants in the military garrisons..." (CONTINUED BELOW)


12/15/53: Stage One Report: Annex B: Friendly Assets and Potential: Page 18: ..."Net #6 - SECANT (Major Enrique Trinidad Oliva), a retired Guatemalan Army Major presently employed as a (REDACTION) in Guatemala City, maintains numerous contacts and informants among his former associates in the armed forces. SECANT also acts as SEQUIN's adviser on all matters pertaining to military intelligence. According to RUFUS (Carlos Castillo Armas), SECANT and SEQUIN exchange military information freely, although it is not know how much SECANT actually knows of SEQUIN's operations..." - - - Page 20: DIAGRAM OF RUFUS INTELLIGENCE ASSETS IN GUATEMALA: "RUFUS" at the top of the chart. Then "COURIERS." Then "SEQUIN." Then along the line from left to right and down: "SISTRUM'S SISTER - SACHET - SCARLET-2 -SECANT - SHINGLE'S BROTHER." Line down from SISTRUM'S SISTER: - "SISTRUM-2 - SISTRUM." Line down from SCARLET-2 - "SCARLET." Line straight down from SHINGLE'S BROTHER: - "SHINGLE - CUT OUTS AND LETTERDROPS - SLEEKER." Line from the right and below SHINGLE: - "CUTOUTS - GUARDIA CIVIL." Line to the furthest left and down: "OPR, POL & CIVIL GROUPS." Line to the left and down: "FAR, FPL, PRG, RN."


01/23/54: Cable from Director to LINCOLN: Slugline PBSUCCESS RYBAT: "1. ODACID (U.S. State Department) 22 Jan stated SECANT under arrest and SEQUIN house searched by WSBURNT (Guatemala) police. Report further states 15 others under arrest in effort curb anti-government movement. 2. Well informed source in opposition stated arrest SECANT severe blow anti-government movement as he key figure and could implicate others if forced talk. 3. Above unconfirmed. Your info only."

Foreign Relations of the United States, 1952-1954: Guatemala: Current Section: 93. 1/31/54-Telegram From Operation PBSUCCESS Headquarters in Florida to the Central Intelligence Agency

01/31/54: Telegram from Operation PBSUCCESS Headquarters in Florida: "321. Re: DIR 36511, para 1C; GUAT 022, 043, 046. (2) 1. KUFIRE (Intelligence) estimates compromise from Delgado’s intercepts while acting as courier may be considerable judging from foll items which appeared in White Paper. 2. Delgado and others as indicated fully aware of foll items according to debriefing of Seekford and Calligeris (Carlos Castillo Armas): A. Shipment of arms known by Delgado, Col Somoza, Pres Somoza and Capt Sierra. B. Letter from Calligeris to Pres Somoza known by Delgado, Capt Sierra. Seekford did not have knowledge letter. C. Calligeris’ Nicaraguan passport in name of Carlos Centeno know by Delgado, Pres Somoza, Capt Sierra. D. Calligeris military plan known by Delgado, Sierra, SECANT (Major Enrique Trinidad Oliva): Plan same as 1949, 1951 plan. Seekford claims this is not Calligeris’ plan but is plan belonging to Ydigoras Fuentes. This plan probably given to WSBURNT (Guatemala) police by SECANT as cover story per previous agreement with Calligeris. E. KUHOOK (CIA Paramilitary Operations Staff) TRG on (REDACTION), code name El Diablo; (REDACTION), code name Taptap; airfield near Puerto Cabezas known by Delgado, Pres Somoza, Col Somoza, Sierra, and Penny Rogers who flew Seekford in plane for recon of sites. F. Seekford photo and passport known by many, surely known by Delgado, according to Calligeris. G. Location of established ham, semi-clandestine radio stations, frequencies, call letters known by Delgado, Sierra, commo commission Honduras and a certain Fernando Conterras, according to Calligeris. H. Archie Baldocchi allegedly offered 'sea fire' planes $20,000 each. Known only by Delgado. This info from both Calligeris and Seekford (REDACTION) 0852 (IN 45599)). I. SEQUIN known by Delgado, SECANT, most of group in WSBURNT. Calligeris knows nothing of $2,000 paid Ticas by Rubion..."


05/28/54: Cable from LINCOLN to Director: Slugline RYBAT PBSUCCESS: RE: LINC 3169 (IN 11562): IMMEDIATE ACTION: Pages 2-3: ..."4. KUBARK (CIA) representative undoubtedly would be accredited to JURANT and thus be able to further plead case of SCOMBER (the Consejo) interests. Developments from this point forward would logically follow rapidly and Wellbanks could be identified as the SKIMMER (note: The "Group," CIA cover organization supporting Carlos Castillo Armas) representative and SEQUIN as the SYNCARP (note: The "Junta", Castillo Armas' political organization headed by Cordova Cerna) representative for direction local negotiations..."


06/04/54: Air dispatch from Phillip L. Purwell, Withheld to LINCOLN: Subject: General - Operational: Specific - Reports by Wellbank: "Attached are three reports by Wellbank in compliance with above references." - - - Page 2: ..."Evaluation of F.A.G.E.: A. Reasons for moribund state in Salvador...As reported previously the overt leaders of F.A.G.E. appearing on the masthead of El Combate are: Licenciado Luis Coronado Lira - Just returned from Mexico Anti-Communist Congress - general assistant to SEQUIN. Federico Paiz Herrera - brother-in-law to Calligeris (Carlos Castillo Armas) and according to SEQUIN completely incompetent...Eduardo Taracena de la Cerda - in charge of F.A.G.E.'s Intelligence Service in El Salvador as well as El Combate distribution...Licenciado Carlos Salazar hijo - in Tegucigalpa running CEUAGE according to SEQUIN. Coronel Antolin Gonzalez - in Tegucigalpa helping Calligeris according to SEQUIN. Capitan Rene Fernandez Alfaro - in Honduras according to SEQUIN. Alberto Molino Menocal - workhorse of El Combate. He and Luis Coronado Lira are the men on whom SEQUIN relies the most..." - - - Page 5: "SEQUIN has talked with Antonio Alvarez Vidaurre, Jefe de Protocolo, de Relaciones Exteriores who confirms that (REDACTION) is in the Salvadoran Embassy in Guatemala City...Antonio Alvarez Vidaurre, Salvadoran Jefe de Protocolo, asked SEQUIN about ERRATIC (General Jose Miguel Ydigoras Fuentes). SEQUIN replied that he had no part in present plans and was a man who liked 'to sit down at the table when dinner was served.'" - - - On page 4 of this dispatch on 05/31/54 it states: ..."El Combate is actually edited and managed by Alberto Molino Menocal who lives in the boarding house, the same pension used by SEQUIN..." https://www.cia.gov/readingroom/docs/DOC_0000922888.pdf


06/12/54: Page 2: Report from Wellbank: ..."More about SEQUIN's contacts: Minister of Interior, Lemus, is a contact as is Salvadoran Ambassador to Honduras, Adolfo Rubio Melhado. These men are very friendly but not under control. They were classmates of Calligeris (Carlos Castillo Armas) in an Air Force School in the States. Chief of Police, Quintanilla, is very close to them although SEQUIN has had no direct dealings with him. Manuel Diaz Sal, Capitan of Ilopango Airport is on a very friendly basis with SEQUIN but under no formal control."


06/26/54: Cable from Guatemala City to Director: Slugline PBSUCCESS RYBAT: RE: GUAT 017 (IN 11915): "1. (REDACTION) advised ODACID (U.S. State Department) officer 26 January: That he had some time previously been informed by Calligeris (Carlos Castillo Armas) that SEQUIN was Calligeris representative in WSBURNT (Guatemala) and he had previously been in contact with SEQUIN; that deposited SEQUIN (in asylum) in DTFROGS (El Salvador) Embassy 25 January; SEQUIN advised communications between SEQUIN and Calligeris had been handled in past by Jorge Isaac Delgado, alias Chaco, Costa Rican national resident of KMFLUSH (Nicaragua) who pilots small plane and travels between Central American countries, that Delgado arrived WSBURNT 18 January with outgoing communications for Calligeris and others at least one of which signed 'Ingeniero Viniteco', (phonetic) pseudo of SEQUIN, which related to data concerning govt radio station TGW which data prepared (or forwarded) by SEQUIN at Calligeris request, that SEQUIN was subsequently informed by source in national palace that Delgado had made both incoming and outgoing communications available to govt and that he, SEQUIN, had a little time to take some precautions and warn Calligeris; that Luis Arenas proposed trip to KMFLUSH (see reference) was known to SEQUIN; that Arenas had stated on 23 January to KMFLUSH Ambassador he to be flown to KMFLUSH by Gabriel Fernandez (also RCVD Fernaneu), member of Aero Club; that Fernandez (as RCVD) had been arrested night 23 January, could not have flown Arenas, who has not been in contact with KMFLUSH Ambassador since; that KMFLUSH Ambassador has warned his govt against Delgado; that while recent developments had hindered opposition, opposition leaders in asylum are maintaining contact with persons who have not taken asylum. Eval A-3..."


Circa 09/01/54: Index of De-briefing Reports: Pages 80-81: ANNEX F: TACTICAL INTELLIGENCE AND GENERAL by Withheld..."According to information which had been supplied by Calligeris (Carlos Castillo Armas), the entire intelligence organization within the target area was being run by SEQUIN, with the aid of SEMANTIC and SECANT (Major Enrique Trinidad Oliva). A closer study of the situation revealed, however, a picture that was somewhat different. SEQUIN's position at that time could be better defined as that of an administrative coordinator, not entirely responsible for intelligence, but also responsible for coordinating efforts along the PP and PM lines in the target area. SEQUIN's main contribution in the intelligence field was his handling of SLEEKER through SETTLER. The SLEEKER/SETTLER complex had been producing fairly well at that time, but it was felt that much of their production could have been obtained through overt sources...The three key Calligeris men in the target, SEMANTIC, SECANT and SEQUIN, all performed a multiplicity of functions. This not only had an adverse effect on security as far as compartmentation was concerned, but also created serious problems during the last few months of the operations, when the size and diversity of the jobs to be performed made it a humanly impossible task for these three men-and finally only SEMANTIC and SECANT - to be responsible for accomplishing the major part of the task which lay ahead..."


Circa 11/16/54: Report on Project PBSUCCESS: Page 36: ..."C. Based in (REDACTION). 1. FT/18: Identity - Tactical intelligence/SEQUIN. Responsible Officer: Stephen R. Lugton. Mission - To ascertain identity and capabilities of all assets, organizing same into secure intelligence operational nets under the P/A in order to provide tactical intelligence from specifically directed targets; to utilize these assets to probe for potential resistance material, organizing same into cells; to screen and recruit twenty (20) suitable candidates for clandestine radio intelligence training. Estimate cost: $5,000.00..." - - - Page 117: ..."Ontrich (Nestor Sanchez) discussed with Calligeris (Carlos Castillo Armas) in Honduras and with SEQUIN in San Salvador the nets within Guatemala, details of which are covered under FT/18. Arrangements are presently underway for Lugton to contact SEQUIN in Salvador and it is also contemplated to bring SEQUIN to (REDACTION) to have him readily available as a source of information..." - - - Page 182: ..."2. Intelligence: The intelligence system established in the early stages through Castillo Armas was centered around three key Principal Agents in Guatemala: SEMANTIC, SECANT and SEQUIN. The latter fled to Salvador early in February (note: 1954) after the White Paper expose and resumed his operations from that country..."

Gavin McDonald

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