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Cryptonym: QRACTIVE

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Radio Liberty - CIA proprietary, began in 1953 broadcasting to the Soviet Union in Russian and fifteen other languages.

https://www.archives.gov/files/research/jfk/releases/157-10014-10144.pdf - page 27 of 264

1976 Church Committee report: The CIA "owned approximately 158 proprietaries. These agencies employed approximately REDACTED persons. Ninety-two percent of the employees were accounted for by three proprietary complexes as follows: JBGREED, TPTONIC, QRACTIVE. TPTONIC and QRACTIVE (Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty) were turned over to the Department of State and are now being managed by the Board of International Broadcasters."


(In 1953), "RL began broadcasting to the Soviet Union in Russian and 15 other national languages...Initially, both RFE and RL were funded principally by the U.S. Congress through the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), but RFE also received supplemental private donations. In 1971, all CIA involvement ended, and thereafter RFE and RL were funded by Congressional appropriation through the Board for International Broadcasting (BIB) and after 1995 the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG)."

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Bill Simpich

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