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Cryptonym: LIBETHENITE-4

Unknown identity. LIBETHENITE-4 was described in a report in June of 1954 as "a Guatemalan refugee with close contacts in Central American circles."
A dispatch in December, 1953, stated that LIBETHENITE-4 was the principal agent of LIONIZER (Committee for the Liberation of Guatemala, and was a Guatemalan refugee group in Mexico), and was a exiled Guatemalan businessman. He was described as "violently anti-Communist, anti-government and pro-U.S." This dispatch gave a detailed description of his height, weight, build, and color of hair and eyes. According to page 3 of a dispatch in February, 1954, "LIBETHENITE-4 is SANTO, LIONIZER is BODEGA, RNSHIELD is PEON, RNSHIELD's Front is MOLINO": https://www.cia.gov/readingroom/docs/DOC_0000913466.pdf A document on March 18, 1954, stated that LIBETHENITE-4 led the LIONIZER committee in Mexico, which was formed in September, 1951: https://www.cia.gov/readingroom/docs/DOC_0000917323.pdf A dispatch on March 23, 1954, stated that LIBETHENITE-4 had "for a long time entertained a very low opinion of Castillo Armas' ability to lead a successful revolution against Guatemala. Recently he stated that he believed Castillo was secretly working for Arbenz." A dispatch on March 30, 1954, forwarded the translations of two memos from Antonio Uroz, a correspondent for Mexico City's "El Universal", to LIBETHENITE-4. Uroz was dispatched by LIBETHENITE-4 to cover the Caracas Conference, but apparently never got further than El Salvador. A dispatch in April, 1954, stated the LIBETHENITE-4 was the probable author of an article heavily criticizing Francisco Javier Arana. L-4 was described as a "low level, mercenary informant who has no stature greater than that of an irresponsible and vindictive juvenile." LIBETHENITE-4 was granted his full operational clearance on May 12, 1954: https://www.cia.gov/readingroom/docs/DOC_0000923524.pdf In addition, documents from February to May of 1954 contained communications between ERRATIC (General Jose Miguel Ydigoras Fuentes) and LIBETHENITE-4, and show they were working together in this period.


12/03/53: Memorandum for WH Deputy PBSUCCESS: Subject: Individual PP Asset Assessment: LIONIZER (REDACTION): ..."2. Key Personnel: The principal Guatemalan agent is LIBETHENITE-4. For detailed true name information see agent file, Mexico desk, WH. He is (REDACTION) violently anti-Communist, anti-government and pro-U.S. His character is good, by Central American standards, and in operation he has proven trustworthy though somewhat lacking in initiative. Prior to his exile from Guatemala he served as an (REDACTION) and for a time as (REDACTION). In these posts he acquitted himself with reasonable success and is reputed to have acquired some means through graft. As an exiled business man he has shown limited capability. He associates himself primarily with other exiled Guatemalans and sympathetic foreigners. LIBETHENITE-4 has been operationally cleared. His security habits are fair...7. Overt or Covert Support of Medium: LIONIZER (Committee for the Liberation of Guatemala, and was a Guatemalan refugee group in Mexico) is ostensibly supported by voluntary contribution from Guatemalans, other Latin Americans, Europeans and Americans of anti-Communist orientation. Legitimate contributions have been received and sources of funds may be backstopped by documentation...LIBETHENITE-4 receives (REDACTION) per month...ATTACHMENT No. 1 to PP Assessment of LIONIZER (Mexico): Paragraph 2 (Key Personnel): a. (REDACTION). b. Home address: Latest available (Sept 1950) (REDACTION) Apt. 13, (REDACTION), tenant, no telephone number. c. Age 57, apparent age 53 (by interpolation), height 5' 9", eyes grey, face - shape triangular, complexion fair, posture erect, weight about 150 (1950), teeth fair, hair black with much grey, scars none known, build slight, general appearance neat and erect. d. In 1950 he ran a small (REDACTION) business. No address or telephone number available."


02/22/54: Dispatch from LINCOLN to Chief, Western Hemisphere: Subject: General - KUGOWN - PBSUCCESS. Specific - Hemisphere Conference in Mexico, April, 1954. (Congreso de los Vencedores del Comunismo): - - - From page 6 onwards (page 7 of PDF): ..."10. Personnel: A. (REDACTION), Tolking, RNSHIELD, LIBETHENITE-4, LIONIZER (note: Committee for the Liberation of Guatemala, and was a Guatemalan refugee group in Mexico), RNLABILE...LIBETHENITE-4 - (REDACTION): a Guatemalan (REDACTION) in exile with an axe to grind (REDACTION). (REDACTION) is considered something of a hothead; he would (REDACTION)...LIBETHENITE-4: In contact with RNSHIELD and also will be in contact with (REDACTION)...The motivation of (REDACTION) sincere desire to rid his country of the Soviet menace. The same may be said of LIBETHENITE-4. RNSHIELD and RNLABILE, though sincerely anti-Communist, are also riding the trend for selfish political reasons..."


03/16/54: Dispatch from Withheld to Chief, Western Hemisphere (Info: LINCOLN): Subject: General - KUGOWN/PBSUCCESS. Specific - Guatemalan Exiles in Mexico: "1. In supplement to the reference reports, LIBETHENITE-4 reports that Mario Lopez Villatoro, in company with Roberto Gomez de Leon, has contacted the group of six refugees who fled across the Guatemalan border into Mexico with offers to work for the Castillo Armas movement in Honduras. Horacio de Cordova was offered the Directorship of the radio station operated by Castillo in Honduras. Gabriel Fernandez was offered the position of Legal Counselor to Castillo. These emissaries not only offered very attractive salaries to the refugees ($500 US per month and up), which were refused, but have shown an affluence while in Mexico which has startled the refugees. 2. The refugees were asked by Lopez and Gomez to sign a manifest for their cause, which again all refused to do. The attached leaflet is probably that manifesto, and is being distributed in Mexico City by Jose Calderon Salazar and Roberto Gomez de Leon. 3. It would seem that Lopez, Gomez, Calderon and company have proceeded with their plans (outlined in REDACTION-947) to form a 'committee' of exiles in Mexico. No effort seems to have been made to stop the establishment of this skeleton organization (for it enjoys no support from the majority of exiles in Mexico) in spite of the warnings of paragraph five, REDACTION-947. We would appreciate advice from Headquarters on steps to be taken in the future by this Mission in respect to the newly-formed CEGAM. 4. For your information we are forwarding a photocopy of a letter sent by Carlos Salazar, hijo, of the FAGE to Arturo Amaya, second-in-command of the Frente Popular Anti-Comunista de Mexico. Boyd I. Rolender."


03/23/54: Air dispatch from LINCOLN to Chief, Western Hemisphere Division: Subject: General - KUGOWN Operations. Specific - Coronel Carlos Castillo Armas: "LIBETHENITE-4 has for a long time entertained a very low opinion of Castillo Armas' ability to lead a successful revolution against Guatemala. Recently he stated that he believed Castillo was secretly working for Arbenz. He was asked to put his reasons in writing, and they are herewith attached for your information. (REDACTION) Boyd I. Rolender." - - - Pages 2-3: Title at top of page 2: "Conjectures as to whether Castillo Armas is working secretly with Arbenz"


03/30/54: Dispatch from Withheld to Chief of Mission, LINCOLN: Subject: General - KUGOWN Operations. Specific - Reports on Castillo Armas: "For your information we herewith forward the translations of two memoranda sent to LIBETHENITE-4 by Antonio Uroz, a correspondent for Mexico City's 'El Universal' who was dispatched by LIBETHENITE-4 to cover the Caracas Conference but who never got further than El Salvador (a situation which we are now endeavoring to rectify). The memoranda were given to Uroz by Miguel Idigoras Fuentes. The author is not known. Boyd I. Rolender."


04/14/54: Dispatch from LINCOLN to Chief, Western Hemisphere: Subject: General - KUGOWN-PBSUCCESS. Specific - Congreso Contra La Intervencion Sovietica En La America Latina: "1. Attached hereto is the article referred to in Paragraph 2B of Reference: It's origin is the Boletin del Comite pro-Liberacion de Guatemala of 1 April 1954 date. 2. The article characterizes the late Francisco Javier Arana as one who committed 'treason', and as such represents an unwonted affront to the many sincere Guatemalans who revere Arana as an early martyr in the struggle of the Guatemalan people against Communism...the article's probable author, LIBETHENITE-4...3. LIBETHENITE-4's utterly shabby treatment of (REDACTION) in (REDACTION), his blatant (REDACTION) intriguing and probable authorship of the attached article have achieved for him at LINCOLN (CIA's Guatemalan covert operations headquarters, a forward base in Florida) unique notoriety...he remains merely a low level, mercenary informant who has no stature greater than that of an irresponsible and vindictive juvenile...6. LIBETHENITE-4's posture of hostility, not only to (REDACTION) but equally to Calligeris (Carlos Castillo Armas), serves the unintentional purpose of declaring himself, his group...as surplus to the requirements of PBSUCCESS (project to overthrow - "without bloodshed, if possible" - the Arbenz government in Guatemala in 1954)...For our purposes it would be most useful to be able to advise him, honestly, that neither LIBETHENITE-4 nor the Comite Pro-Liberacion de Guatemala continue to enjoy any form of ODYOKE (U.S. Government) approbation or support..."


05/25/54: Dispatch from Chief, Western Hemisphere Division and Chief of Mission, LINCOLN: Subject: General - KUGOWN Operations. Specific - ERRATIC Letter: "For your information we are enclosing herewith a copy of a letter dated 20 May from ERRATIC (General Jose Miguel Ydigoras Fuentes) to LIBETHENITE-4...(REDACTION) Boyd I. Rolender." - - - 05/11/54: Dispatch which enclosed a April 27, 1954, letter from ERRATIC to L-4: https://www.cia.gov/readingroom/docs/DOC_0000915451.pdf - - - 05/03/54: Memo for C/P: Subject: Frank G. Wisner's Memorandum of 28 April 1954 Regarding Cover and Deception: Reference to "failures like LIBETHENITE-4 and ERRATIC" on page 2: https://www.cia.gov/readingroom/docs/DOC_0000915709.pdf - - - This memo from Withheld, Chief/PP in May, 1954, mentioned ERRATIC and LIBETHENITE-4 at the bottom of the first page: https://www.cia.gov/readingroom/docs/DOC_0000915615.pdf - - - 02/10/54: This dispatch contained a letter dated February 2, 1954, from Ydigoras Fuentes to LIBETHENITE-4: https://www.cia.gov/readingroom/docs/DOC_0000913560.pdf


06/12/54: Report Made by: Frederick K. Gollaher. Approved by: Hubert B. Tabakin. Source Cryptonym: LIBETHENITE-4. ..."Comments: Source and (REDACTION) are friends of several years duration. The interview took place on 9 June at which time (REDACTION) did not discuss the nature of the Perez Jimenez commitment." - - - Page 2: ..."SOURCE, EVALUATION, APPRAISAL OF CONTENT: A Guatemalan refugee with close contacts in Central American circles. B-6..."


05/06/69: Dispatch from Chief, Western Hemisphere Division to COS, Withheld; COS, JMWAVE: Subject: JMTEAK - Jose Alberto Cardoza Aguilar: - - - Page 112: ..."(8) LIBETHERITE-4..." Number 8 mentioned on page 105: "25 January 1955 was included on a list of exiled Guatemalans who applied for political asylum in Mexico (8)..." - - - LIBETHERITE-4 was most probably a mistake. LIBETHENITE-5 was one of the sources for this report from Mexico City in November of 1957: https://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=155497#relPageId=2 On page 17 of Anne Goodpasture's History of Mexico City: ..."LIFTER (note: Antonio Garcia Moreno), LIBETHENITE, and LIONHEART (turned over by the FBI) were covering Communist and leftist activities..." https://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=162979#relPageId=15&search= This CIA document mentioned that LIMULUS was formerly LIBETHENITE-1: https://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=150662#relPageId=14&search=

Gavin McDonald

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