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Cryptonym: AMGOSH-1

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Unknown identity. Contact of Margot Pena and Tony Varona, known under the alias of Frau Marsal Barbarossa Lorenzo.
A cable from Havana on August 27, 1960, stated that AMGOSH-1's 201 number was 201-282137. The cable noted that Havana station had been in contact with AMGOSH-1 for around one year. In that time AMGOSH-1 had established the clandestine group called Organizacion Insurreccional Democratica (OID) which he claimed had 300 members. Furthermore, the cable stated that AMGOSH-1 appeared to be a militant type, and was a former Rebel Army officer who resigned in January of 1959. AMGOSH-1 claimed OID had militant capabilities, but he was financially broke, and OID had only limited funds. Havana suggested that if HQs and MASH (Forward operating base - CIA, Miami) agreed, the station would send AMGOSH-1 to MASH via Mexico for cover purposes to confer with MASH paramilitary experts. AMGOSH-1 apparently spoke fluent English with a decided U.S. accent. AMGOSH-1 POA had been requested on 15 July, 1960, but it had not yet been received.

A cable from Ciudad Trujillo, on June 16, 1961, stated that Raynock (Henry Hecksher) had received a letter from Rafael E. Sanchez stating that AMGOSH-1 (Frau Marsal Barbarossa Lorenzo), a former Havana station contact and reporting source, was in asylum in the Ecuadorean embassy in Havana. A-1 requested that some provision be made whereby on leaving Cuba he could enter the U.S. The cable added that AMGOSH-1 was a group leader in the Unidad Revolucionaria (UR), and was an active source of military information.

180-10142-10305: [No Title]

1957: PRQ 2 reveals that "Varona was first introduced to James R. Palinger and Wallace Growery by a contact of Palinger's in May 1957. Has been under development ever since. Hand written note on side indicates Varona was in contact with station for at least 2 years before this thru Frau Masal (sp?)." Varona is classified as an indigenous field agent.


8/27/60 cable from Havana to Director: AMGOSH-1 is identified here as 201-282137. "1. Station in contact with AMGOSH-1 (IDEN by separate cable) for about one year. During interim, A-1 has established clandestine group called Organizacion Insurreccional Democratica (OID) which he claims has 300 members. 2. A-1, who appears (to) be militant type, is former Rebel Army officer who resigned Army January 1959. He claims OID has militant capabilities but he broke and OID has only limited funds. Under cover limitations imposed upon station, issue is drawn. A-1 claims action group but needs support. If HQs and MASH (Forward operating base - CIA, Miami) agree, suggest station send A-1 to MASH via MEXI for cover purposes to confer with MASH paramilitary experts. He speaks fluent English with decided American accent. Perhaps A-1 group could be used in some support capacity fitting in with overall objectives, but at any rate believe his debriefing will present interesting picture of street level Cuban paramilitary atmosphere which would be of value to MASH. 3. AMGOSH-1 POA requested in HAVA 5263, 15 July but not yet received. During past year he has reported great deal of info to station, and station has no reason believe he is provocation agent. However, as in all such cases, suggest MASH LCFLUTTER (polygraph - "lie detector" - testing) A-1 if para 2 suggestion approved. Cable comments."

104-10226-10169: CABLE RE AMGOSH/1

6/16/61 cable from Ciudad Trujillo to Director: "1. Raynock (Henry Hecksher) has received letter from Rafael E. Sanchez (handwritten note: Luis? See WAVE 6724) of 115 East Main Street, Palm Beach. It states that AMGOSH-1 (Frau Marsal Barbarossa Lorenzo) former Havana Station contact and reporting source, in asylum Ecuadorean embassy Havana. A-1 requests that some provision be made whereby on leaving Cuba he can enter United States. FYI A-1 was group leader in UR and active source of military info. 2. WAVE may wish contact Sanchez and determine if action should or can be taken..." Marginalia states that he is "Frau Marsal Barbarossa Lorenzo".


8/29/61 cable from Guayaquil to Director: REF GAYA 1874 (IN 13671): "1. (Margot) Pena arrived Gaya 23 August. AMGOSH-1 reports she was head of Sierra Maestra terrorist group in Bayamo during Castro revolution and last four months worked with MRR sabotage group. Pena reported willing and able reenter Cuba live black. Also reports received message from Fernando Aenlle, now in charge morals squad G-2 HAVA and mentioned GAYA 1829, who says he ready to do anything for underground. 2. Request permission contact Pena directly purpose debriefing detail re WHFM 12-61, her reports of underground fortifications in Sierra, possibilities underground contacts and HQs interest per DIR 49513. Base lacks faith ability AMGOSH-1 pursue in sufficient detail. Advise if HQs desires further lines questioning. C/S Comment: AMGOSH/1 reported 17 Aug word rcvd Margot Pena leaving HAVA for Curacao 21 August."

124-90130-10044: No Title

10/3/63 INS report - PSI Margot Pena was FBI MM T-1. Pena reports on activities of Francisco Rodriguez Tamayo (p. 6), who is nervous that his membership in the Secret Army organization will be discovered.

157-10014-10242: [No Title]

1975: Frank Sturgis admits to using the code name Barbarossa, as well as Federini and Samson.

John Newman • Bill Simpich

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