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Cryptonym: AMBADGER-1

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Dr. Julian Gallo, head of legal department of Cuban telephone company.
AMBADGER-1 worked with CIA officers Earl J. Williamson and Harry T. Mahoney, as well as AMBANG-1 (Manuel Ray Rivero). 104-10180-10039, p. 47: AMBADGER was 201-062084.


(p. 73 of 190) HSCA legal staffer Leslie Wizelman requested the identity of AMBADGER-1 - the CIA's response was "Dr. Julian Gallo".

124-90100-10339: No Title

12/30/59 memo from Havana Legat to FBI Director: "Cuban telephone company agreeable to furnishing Doctor Julian H. Gallo, head of legal department of company, speaks English, has passport and visa, willing to cooperate. Company is seeking permit from government intervenor since company intervened."

104-10180-10060: CIA FILE ON RAY, MANUEL.

7/8/66 memo by CIA officer Harry Mahoney re Manuel Ray: "I debriefed (Ray) on his Madrid trip and intentions generally before I introduced him to AMBADGER-1. I had first asked him if he would mind reporting to us via a trusted Cuban exile now living in San Juan and, after I had identified AMBADGER-1, he replied that he knew him and respected him and liked him...it was agreed that (Ray) would keep AMBADGER-1 completely informed of his plans and that AMBADGER-1 would convey them to me in Washington."


07/13/66: Memorandum for the record from Matthew S. Dingley: Subject: AMBADGER-1: "1. On this date, Subject called me from San Juan, Puerto Rico to report on his meeting with AMBANG-1 on 12 July. AMBANG-1 remained adamant concerning his refusal to reveal the names of his sources inside Cuba. However, AMBADGER-1 believes that AMBANG-1 is in a better frame of mind than previously and he needs some added push to reveal the names. 2. AMBADGER suggested that Growery come to Puerto Rico to give AMBANG-1 that added push. AMBADGER-1 said that AMBANG-1 speaks fondly of Growery and he believes that Growery might convince AMBANG-1 to reveal the names. Alternatively, AMBANG-1 and AMBADGER-1 could come to Washington, D.C. for discussions with Growery. 3. I agreed to write AMBADGER-1 the details of processing his wife's citizenship. AMBADGER-1 wants to process his wife's citizenship in Montreal. I also agreed to look into the matter of transmitting money to his mother in Cuba at a rate of exchange more favorable than one to one."

104-10180-10060: CIA FILE ON RAY, MANUEL.

08/24/66: Memorandum for the record from Harry Mahoney: Subject: MIG 21: "1. Approximately 2030 hours on 23 August 1966 DC/WH/C Williamson called me to report that he had just received a call from AMBADGER had a report from AMBANG that agents of his inside Cuba were prepared to fly a MIG 21 to the United States. Williamson asked AMBADGER for more information but AMBANG claimed that he did not have any additional details. (In view of AMBANG's previous reluctance to source his information there is always a certain skepticism about AMBANG's claims of accomplishments). Williamson told AMBADGER to find out from AMBANG the who, where, why, what, when, and how and to report back. AMBANG stated that he did not have this information but they planned to go ahead with the operation. Williamson told him that if a Cuban pilot wanted to fly a MIG 21 to the U.S. we could do nothing to stop him. 2. At 1400 hours on this date AMBADGER called me to report that he had discussed Williamson suggestions with AMBANG who had replied that he honestly didn't know the name of the pilot or the details of the operation..." - - - For a much clearer print but with redaction's (Williamson was redacted) see page 76 of the same file: https://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=157587&search=#relPageId=76&tab=page Also see follow-up on 9/2/66, p. 71 at 104-10080-10039.

104-10180-10060: CIA FILE ON RAY, MANUEL.

10/19/67: Memorandum for the record from Harry T. Mahoney: Subject: AMBADGER/1: "1. The Subject called me on the sterile phone at approximately 1500 hours this date to report that he had just received word that his mother in Cuba was dying of glaucoma. He had to cancel his trip to Europe...2. He will be arriving at Dallas International Airport at 1210 hours on PAA 280..I told him that I would meet him and that we could have lunch together with Earl Williamson. (Subsequent check with Williamson approved this appointment). 3. The Subject will leave right after lunch for Petersburg by rented car or by bus. When he returns to Washington (sometime around 24 or 25 October 1967) he will stay overnight with Williamson. Noted indraft: Earl Williamson."

104-10180-10060: CIA FILE ON RAY, MANUEL.

November, 1967: C/WH/COG David Phillips wrote to the Office of Security: "Mr. Gallo has been a most valuable contact of this Agency for a number of years, reporting on the Cuban exile community in Puerto Rico. Previously he was a productive contact in the Havana Telephone Company in Cuba.

Bill Simpich

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