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Cryptonym: AESMASH

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The Soviet officer Oleg Adolfovich Lyalin, the Soviet Delegations Department case officer in 1962. A cable from Mexico City on October 26, 1971, referred to the recent defection of AESMASH. Lyalin defected on September 3, 1971 while he was working as a Soviet embassy officer in Great Britain.
Lyalin is referred to by Angleton's CI officer Scotty Miler in his 1972 report that DC/CI staff advised him that "the Director had relayed via the DDP (note: Deputy Director of Plans) that the agency was NOT, under any circumstances, to make inquiries or ask questions of any source or defector about Oswald." There are references in the early 60s to an S. N. Lyalin high up in the KGB, and


Re: 1959-1962: Marina Prusakov is identified in this article as "a KGB informant who provided surveillance reports on Oswald. At the time, Marina was living with her uncle, MVD Colonel Ilya Prusakov. Oswald was considered loyal to the international Communist cause and his return to America was expedited by an American employee in the US embassy in Moscow who had KGB contacts."


November 1961: S. N. Lyalin is listed as the chief of the KGB's Technical Operations Directorate. See page 7 - by Jan. 1964, Lyalin was now the Chief of the 8th Directorate, which handled cipher-communications. Nosenko may be the one who identified him as "Serafin Nikalayevich Lyalin"


1962: "...According to Nosenko, M. G. Sitnikov, representing the Soviet Delegations Department, conducted investigations of SHAKHOV in 1961, but had been unable to resolve the KGB suspicions about him...Before leaving Moscow in March, 1962, NOSENKO discussed the SHAKHOV case with SITNIKOV and with LYALIN, the Soviet Delegations Department case officer in charge of the SHAKHOV case. He also read various materials on the case, including an investigative plan drawn up by LYALIN."


Re September 1971: Oleg Adolfovich Lyalin (Russian: Олег Адольфович Лялин; 24 June 1937[1] – 12 February 1995) was a Soviet agent who defected from the KGB. His defection led to the expulsion of 105 Soviet officials suspected as being Soviet spies from Britain on 25 September 1971. Lyalin was sent by the KGB to London in the 1960s, posing as an official with the Soviet Trade Delegation. His defection came about after he was arrested in London by policeman Charles Shearer for drunk driving in the early morning of 31 August 1971.[2] He was put in jail immediately as he refused to cooperate with police and lacked diplomatic immunity. His bail of £50 was paid by the Soviet Trade Delegation but he was taken to a safe house by MI5 and his drunk driving-case was eventually dropped as he decided to defect.[3] He offered to disclose information about KGB activities in exchange for a new life with his (Russian) secretary, Irina Teplyakova, with whom he had begun an affair and took political asylum in August 1972.[4] Lyalin later revealed that his mission was to spy across the Midlands while posing as a textile buyer, and that there was a plan to infiltrate agents disguised as official messengers into Whitehall's tunnel systems to distribute poison gas capsules. He also confirmed the existence of a section known as Department V (ru:Пятое управление КГБ СССР) in the KGB.[5] The expulsion of 105 officials was the single biggest action taken against the Soviet Union by any western government. Sir Alec Douglas-Home, foreign secretary at the time, was accused by the Labour opposition of over-reaction.[6] Lyalin was given a new identity by MI5 and married Teplyakova. He remained in hiding in northern England until his death on 12 February 1995 after a long illness. For more, see sources on Wikipedia


Sept. 1971: David Blee memoKostikov's tour ended unexpectedly in September 1971. Our information indicated that he was not due to leave for another three to four months, and, at the time of his departure, there was some speculation that the suddenness of his departure was due to the fact that he was known to Lyalin. While in Mexico (Kostikov) was considered by some to be the most effective and dangerous of intelligence officers in Mexico. He has been described as being without morals, education and manners...although our file indicates that Kostikov may have been a member of Department 13 (Executive Action) (Department V's predecessor), we have been unable to confirm this. Also, to the best of our knowledge the KGB has not engaged in such executive action since 1959." David Blee memo, 5/21/82.

104-10218-10032: KOSTIKOV, VALERIY VLADIMIROVICH, 201-305052

10/26/71: Cable from Mexico City to Director: Slugline REDTOP AEKICK AESMASH: (Handwritten: Soviet Travel from Mexico): REF: DIRECTOR 194115: "1. Vladimir Stepanovich Petrov (201-858287), known KGB officer, departed Mexico with family on 13 August 71 on what presumed by station to be home leave, due his length of service in Mexico, and due fact our coverage Soviet installations gave no indications prior departure that preparations being made for PCS move, KDBADGER of 7 October 71, however, contained references to packing and shipment of Petrov's HHE. Station inclined believe non-return of Petrov linked with his possible involvement in Valink case (see Mexico City 17460 (IN 405813) and related traffic). While not connected AESMASH defection, reference poses possibility our suspicions valid and KGB feared flap potential in Petrov's continued presence in Mexico..."


March 1972: "A KGB defector, Lyalin, reported that he knew that (Soviet defector Anatoly Golitsyn/AELADLE) had been sentenced to death by the KGB..." Abriefing book stated that Golitsyn and his wife were under a death sentence for revealing Soviet state secrets.


03/20/72: Dispatch from COS, London to Chief, WOMUSE (Info: Chief, Soviet Bloc; Chief, European Division): Subject: REDLEG AESMASH - Anatoly Mikhaylovich Golitsyn (201-294855): "Attached herewith is a JAGUAR (MI-5) report of debriefing of AESMASH regarding the repercussions to the defection of Golitsyn. Phineas F. Slinkard." - - - Page 3: "Golitsyn defected during source's period of service with the K.G.B. Source heard about him from various K.G.B. officers but never met him and knew of him only by this name. Irian Teplianova however also knew of Golitsyn as Klimov. She heard his story when she visited her parents in Finland and, while there, she met Golitsyn's wife who called on her mother. 2. With regard to Golitsyn's defection, source said he had been told in London by both Konstantin Ivanovich Zotov, head of K.G.B. Branch 2 (Counter-Intelligence), and Sergey Mikhayolovich Golubev, the K.G.B. officer responsible for the S.K., that Golitsyn, whose job in Finland source described as 'Branch 2 or something', had clashed violently with his Resident in Helsinki..."


4/5/72: Memorandum for the Record by Scotty Miler, working in Jim Angleton's CI Division. "Subject: Harvey Lee Oswald - 1. Today, the DC/CI staff advised me that the Director had relayed via the DDP (note: Deputy Director of Plans) that the agency was NOT, under any circumstances, to make inquiries or ask questions of any source or defector about Oswald. 2. I will arrange to have the questions about Oswald sent to SB/CI (note: Soviet Branch/Counterintelligence) for use with the defector Oleg Lyalin returned to me and will advise C/SB/CI about the injunction. 6 April 1972." An addendum states: "Jane Curtis, SB/CI, is returning to me the question for Lyalin. Attached 10.7/72. SM" See page 5: page 5: CI officer Scotty Miler comments to "Mrs. E" - Ann Egerter - that this is “interesting re Oswald angle and DCS source (Domestic Contact Services) protection angle – which cannot understand myself. However, we should note this re Oswald for future. "Pete (probably Pete Bagley, a CI supervisor) has seen and I routed orig to (Ray) Rocca (note: Rocca was a trusted assistant officer to CI chief James Angleton.” Page 6 states what was probably the original question for Oleg Lyalin: "Do you have information about Lee Harvey Oswald and/or his wife Marina Oswald (nee Prussakova)?" (Note that Marina's maiden name was actually Prusakova.)


July 24, 1972 memo: "A staff officer of Department V (Sabotage, Assassination, etc.) of the KGB First Chief (Foreign) Directorate who defected on 3 September 1971 while serving at the Soviet embassy in the United Kingdom." At page 3: "Source (AESMASH) gave the following information about the measures taken by KGB as the result of Golitsyn's defection: (a) He had been sentenced to death; this was stated in an article in 'The Chekist' which appeared sometime after 1964. The KGB would try to kill him as soon as they could find him."

Mark Riebling, Wedge, (Alfred A. Knopf, 1994), p. 248

Post-1974: Calls to CIA determined that all intelligence from Lyalin had been dead-ended in Angleton's safe. The CI chief suspected that Lyalin was yet another disinformation agent, as predicted by Golitsyn, and had refused to circulate the documents to Nixon. If Lyalin had been the first such source to be knocked down by Golitsyn, Hoover might have been able to tolerate Angleton's skepticism.


Intelligence Digest, April 1, 1975: "Recent information throwing new light on (the JFK assassination) and Lee Harvey Oswald's contact with a Soviet KGB Department V (Assassination & Sabotage) official shortly before Kennedy's death has been received by several Western intelligence agencies...this information has been deliberately withheld from the public so as to not to interfere with the Kissinger policy of detente and other efforts to improve relations with Russia. The source...is KGB Department V defector, Oleg Adolfovich Lyalin, who disclosed this information during lengthy interrogation by British intelligence, which resulted in the immediate expulsion of 105 Soviet agents from England. The significance of Lyalin's statements connecting Lee Harvey Oswald with Department V were not realized until much later when his secret data was analyzed and then integrated with existing intelligence on the Kennedy assassination... ...prior to the capture of Oswald, pro-Soviet officials in the US State Department and the "Voice of America" radio station placed the blame on right-wing extremists in Dallas, allegedly under the influence of General Walker. Although this ploy collapsed with Oswald's apprehension... ...to further its deception regarding Oswald's connection to the KGB, Moscow arranged for the defection of Nosenko (note: which resulted in clearing the USSR of any conspriatorial connections with Oswald)...Lyalin provided data on the direct link between Oswald and the KGB's assassination arm." (see https://www.cia.gov/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP90-00845R000100480001-4.pdf (1953 and 1972 issues), a British publication known as "Intelligence Digest - News of the World" during the 1970s. The editor in 1972 was John de Courcy - the name of an Anglo-Norman knight in the 12th Century. The publisher was Kenneth de Courcy, a royalist, financier and allied with Rev. Billy Graham's evangelist organization. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenneth_de_Courcy.

Gavin McDonald • Rami Smatt • Bill Simpich

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