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CIA Cryptonyms: OTHER

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AJAJAAJAJA was the cable indicator for CIA Near East Division.
AKULEAKULE was the cryptonym for the CIA Latin American Division.
ANTLERSA highly sensitive CIA project to move a defector from Europe to the US "...without leaving any trace of his true identity."
AQUATICAQUATIC was an Office of Technical Security program that deployed a variety of intrusive techniques. Documented usage against Cuban diplomatic facilities in Mexico City.
AQUATONEThe production and development of planes and equipment designed particularly for intelligence purposes. A joint procurement project by both the CIA and the Air Force. The objective was to obtain coverage of high priority targets in the USSR.
ARTICHOKEThe study and use of special interrogation methods and techniques. These special interrogation methods have been known to include the use of drugs and hypnosis, and "total isolation", a form of psychological harassment. Under the control of the Office of Security and the Office of Scientific Intelligence.
ASCHAMAllen Dulles, CIA chief for many years until the aftermath of the Bay of Pigs in 1961. Robert A. Ascham was a frequent pseudonym for Dulles.
ATHENAUnknown identity. A project or a team. A memorandum from Bruce B. Cheever, in August of 1963, on a Special Group meeting, stated that the ATHENA team had probably been doubled. [status: Unknown]
ATTICPyotr Popov, who provided information on the Soviet Union to CI/SIG.
BARRThe communications designator for the the JMBAR facility at Key West. [status: Probable]
BEVISION Project using the Polish defector Michael Goleniewski [status: Unknown]
BGACTRESSBGACTRESS was a cryptonym for the CIA International Organizations Division (IOD).
BGFIENDThis program, later known as OBOPUS (1949-58) was initially a joint US-British covert action program designed to overthrow the Soviet dominated regime of Enver Hoxha in Albania and evolved into establishing and exploiting National Committee for Free Albania (NCFA), propaganda media, infiltration agents, and economic warfare.
BGGYPSYThe nation of Russia and Russian connected operations. BGGYPSY was also cited as Communist in the declassified CIA files on Nazi and Japanese war crimes.
BGMORNINGA program related to LIFEAT, Mexico City, and the Soviet spy Rudolf Abel
BIDigraph for operations and assets in Argentina. [status: Probable]
BINAURALCIA officer Anthony Sileo, aka Antonio Silio, also known as Keith Bongirno, who prepared the monthly CRC propaganda activities progress report for several months in 1962, a one man watchdog committee for the Station to make sure funds were used properly. Also known as "'Richardo Belfort." and "Mr. Johns". [status: Probable]
BINGOOperation BINGO was scheduled to take place before or around the time of the Bay of Pigs invasion, in April of 1961. Coincided with Operations JEAN IV, MEGANO and TEABAG. It was a JMWAVE infiltration mission.
BIOGENESISArgentine federal police. Principal liaison service of the Buenos Aires CIA station and used for telephone-tapping and other joint operations.
BKCROWNCIA. This cryptonym was adopted in the early 1970s.
BKHERALDBKHERALD was the cryptonym for the CIA. Used in the 1970s.
BLANKETA program that would permit the subject to receive information about National Security Council 5412/2 matters on a need-to-know basis.
BLUEBIRDDealing primarily with interrogation and control techniques. This project became ARTICHOKE, and later MKULTRA.
BOLABOLA I and II were JMWAVE operations involving JURE in November and December of 1963.
BUTANEA surveillance project created at the direction of the Director of Central Intelligence to determine the activities and contacts of Victor Marchetti a former CIA employee with current Agency employees.
BYEMANProgram for clearance for a CIA officer to handle sigint (signals intelligence) materials. [status: Probable]
CADigraph for West Germany [status: Probable]
CABEZONEThe Defector Reception Center (DRC) in Frankfurt, Germany that was employed to conduct secret interrogations, debriefings, and a variety of operations with defectors, double agents, and other unfortunates who had fallen into US hands. Located within Camp King.
CACTUSA teletype action indicator covering teletype communications between the CIA and the FBI dealing with the New Left, Black Militants and related matters.
CEDARDRE paramilitary (PM) team in 1962. A dispatch in June of 1962 mentioned "the selection and assessment of the CEDAR team of four to be sent to ISOLATION (CIA's Camp Peary, aka "The Farm") for training and subsequent infiltration."
CELOTEX-1Physical surveillance by CIA of Washington Post reporter for four month period in early 70s.
CELOTEX-2Surveillance of DC journalist Jack Anderson and his staff.
CHAPPIEProject involving anti-Castro air operations. [status: Probable]
CHICKADEEAccording to the ARRB, CHICKADEE was the cryptonym for the information handling channel for non-documentary material generated by Oleg Penkovsky.
CLEOPATRASabotage operation involving anti-Castro Cubans in December of 1963, in the aftermath of the assassination of President Kennedy.
CLIPIn 1960, CIA initiated a program under the codename "CLIP" to engage in more aggressive action to establish an organization among anti-Castro exiles capable of replacing the Castro government. In May, 1960, CIA furnished the names of the men who would become the nucleus of the FRD. CLIP became the FRD, first known as AMRASP, then AMIRON.
COCHISEAccording to a cable in March of 1966, COCHISE II and III were operations undertaken by AMOTs in November 1961, and January 1962, respectively. They involved the emplacement of cache material in Cuba.
CORALClearance for military matters; it may be related to decisions about life-or-death situations, based on the high level paramilitary and intelligence people who received this clearance. It could be related to the coral beaches of the Caribbean. [status: Speculative]
CORONACORONA was a satellite system project. A memo from CIA Director, John McCone, in May of 1964 stated that "the CORONA satellite system was judged to be 'not sufficient to give us useful photography."'
CUDGELSabotage operation scheduled for late November of 1963, but was postponed. A cable on November 21, 1963, stated that the AMLILACs were standing by for Operation CUDGEL.
CUSHIONCUSHION operation was scheduled for December of 1963. A cable from JMWAVE on December 5, 1963, indicated the target of this operation was a transformer yard in Cuba.
DAINOLDDesmond FitzGerald, chief of Special Affairs Section (SAS) during 1963, the successor group to Bill Harvey's Task Force W.
DAMSONDRE intelligence team in 1962. A dispatch in July of 1962 stated that "after the loss of two radio operators...it is doubtful whether AMSPELL (the DRE) can train and infiltrate the DAMSON team within the next 90 days."
DNThe CIA nation designation for South Korea. [status: Probable]
DS-2137Anatoliy Golitysn. Sovet intelligence officer who defected in December 1961. Valued source of James Angleton. [status: Unknown]
DTRACCOONInternational Institute of Labor Relations.
DUDigraph for operations and assets in Peru. [status: Probable]
DUCKJMWAVE UDT sabotage operation planned for December of 1963, in the immediate aftermath of the assassination of President Kennedy.
DYMAROONThe United States Department of State.
DYVOURRouting indicator for Mexico. [status: Probable]
EASY_CHAIRA CIA program used to spy on the Soviets beginning in the 1950s. The operation relied on a surveillance device that used a laser beam to detect sound vibrations in a distant object.
FANTASMALeaflet drop campaign organized by Paul Bethel, Frank Fiorini and others.
FEDERINICode name used by Frank Sturgis in the sixties in his anti-Castro activities.
GFGESTETNERHerbert Manell, chief of anti-Soviet operations in Mexico City station from 1959-1964.
GIDigraph for operations and assets in Colombia. [status: Probable]
GIAGAR-7A member of the GIAGAR group established to support viable anti-Castro activities in Columbia. [status: Probable]
GICITRON-4Manuel Machado Llosas. Formerly LITAMIL-1.
GIFOLAEunice Odio.
GIRDINGAmerican Fund for Free Jurists, New York.
GOLIATHDescription of the CIA during late fifties and sixties, with an emphasis on its domestic intelligence activities. Probably refers to the Domestic Contacts Division. [status: Probable]
GOOSECREEKSlugline used when requests are made for traces or other assistance from Staff D. [status: Speculative]
GRGR was probably the digraph for operations and assets in Austria. [status: Probable]
GRALLSPICEGRALLSPICE was probably the cryptonym for Sergei Lvonich Shebalin. A CIA Studies in Intelligence article, in 1999, by Kevin C. Ruffner, stated that GRALLSPICE was Sergei Lvonich Shebalin. [status: Probable]
GRATLASThe declassified CIA Files on Nazi and Japanese Imperial Government war crimes stated that GRATLAS was the cryptonym for the Vienna Operations Base in Stiftsdaserne.
GRENGULFThe declassified CIA Files on Nazi and Japanese Imperial Government war crimes stated that GRENGULF was a cryptonym for the Austrian State Police.
GRIPDr. Benedotte Regnetta, an Italian, and Director of the Latin American Delegation of the FIAT Company. A memorandum in December, 1961, stated that Regnetta held a constructive meeting with a delegation of anti-Castro Cubans in Miami. Regnetta was also an old resident of Mexico, and he offered to make available his financial and diplomatic contacts to the Cuban POW committee. The memo also mentioned that Regnetta was conducting negotiations with the Government of Cuba at that time. [status: Speculative]
GROOVYGROOVY was a cable indicator for Austrian intelligence operations. Slugline used as early as the 1950s.
GTDANCERPeople related to the JFK case. [status: Speculative]
GYROSERouting indicator for Task Force W's internal communications within the CIA regarding Cuba.
HARVARDHARVARD (1951-65) was designed initially to provide safehouse and operational aid facilities for CIA activities in Germany. In 1952, the HARVARD mission was expanded to include the rehabilitation and resettlement of defectors, agents, and agent-trainees.
HATHORHATHOR was a OSS/SSU cryptonym for Paul Dickopf, former Abwehr and SS officer.
HBEPITOMEThe Officers Foundation for Youth and Student Affairs. The FYSA worked with the International Organizations Division, which later was folded into the Covert Action Division. The FYSA's funding mechanism was known as SGGUESSER, and provided funds to the International Student Conference. [status: Probable]
HBFAIRYThe nation of France. [status: Probable]
HBGROPINGWest German Federal Government. The CIA's file on the Unidad Revolucionaria (UR) mentioned that Gabriel Andres Albuerne Fernandez defected in HBGROPING.
HIWAYThe declassified CIA Files on Nazi and Japanese Imperial Government war crimes stated that HIWAY was the cable indicator for Hungarian intelligence operations.
HONETOLCIA investigation of moles from 1964-1970. Sometimes referred to as "The Great Molehunt". Fourteen officers closely investigated by CI chief James Angleton and his colleagues. No findings of espionage, but their careers were ruined.
HORNETHORNET teams were used during Operation PBSUCCESS in Guatemala. They were usually small teams of five to ten men engaged in harassment tactics.
IGORA pre-Bay of Pigs operation. [status: Probable]
IJDECANTERA Second Directorate KGB officer providing information to the CIA whose bona fides were prior firmly established.
INANITIONMystery figures passing on information about Richard Gibson and Lee Harvey Oswald. [status: Unknown]
INDEVOUT-3Jose Enrique Camejo Argudin, UN representative. A cable in March, 1966, on AMBRAY-1 and 2, mentioned Camejo Argudin as being based in Geneva with the UN. Argudin was described by AMBRAY-1 as being very anti-Communist. Also, a cable in September, 1964, gave his full name as Jose Enrique Camejo Argudin. [status: Probable]
ISOLATIONCIA's Camp Peary, also known as "The Farm".
ISOMETRICCIA facility location under military cover. ISOMETRIC was probably a training base somewhere in the U.S. A draft cable on Ricardo Morales Navarette mentioned that "he had received training in Miami, as well as ISOMETRIC and MKCOSMOS." [status: Probable]
ISOTROPICISOLATION'S (Camp Peary) sister facility, known as "The Point", located in Hertford, North Carolina. [status: Speculative]
IUPAGANUnknown identity. IUPAGAN was part of the IUQUEST air proprietary entity. [status: Unknown]
IUSTEERA friend of Frank Sturgis that served as a pilot in the Congo in the mid-60s. Possibly 201-283488, which could be Mario or Francisco Ginebra Groero Perez, or Fausto Ignacio Gomez Gomez. [status: Speculative]
JAGUARMI-5, the domestic branch of the British Intelligence Service. [status: Probable]
JBECHOUnknown identity. The cryptonym JBECHO was used in a number of CIA documents in the 1960's. [status: Unknown]
JEANJEAN was a series of operations from JMWAVE that took place before the Bay of Pigs invasion in April of 1961.
JKLANCECodename for the CIA, adopted by the Agency during 1970. This codename invoked JFK's initials and his Secret Service codename LANCER, in the wake of charges made by New Orleans DA Jim Garrison and others of CIA involvement in the JFK assassination.
JUDigraph for operations and assets in El Salvador. [status: Probable]
JUBATEUnknown identity. A report in December, 1953, by Charles F. Rennell appeared to indicate that JUBATE was a Guatemalan banking official. JUBATE probably had some link or connection with El Salvador. [status: Unknown]
JUDASA plan to kill Castro during 1963-1964. CIA officers stated that this was not its operation, and tried to learn more about it. [status: Probable]
JUGATIONUnknown identity. A report on Operation PBSUCCESS in circa November of 1954 described JUGATION as a former employee of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The nation was probably El Salvador. [status: Unknown]
JURANTUnknown identity. JURANT was described in a June of 1954 telegram as a "high DTFROGS (El Salvador) representative." [status: Unknown]
KAPOKCable indicator for the highest level of document sensitivity. KAPOK is above RYBAT, which is above EYES ONLY.
KDACOUSTIC-1Rafael Mirabal Fernandez. A memo in February of 1976, on SLANK-1 (Vladimir Lahera Rodriguez), stated that Rafael Mirabal Fernandez was KDACOUSTIC-1 (201-812117).
KDACROBAT-1Unknown identity. KDACROBAT-1 reported on Cuban exiles involved in narcotics in Mexico. Bernardo de Torres appeared to be an informant of KDACROBAT-1. [status: Unknown]
KDFACTORA compartmentalized foreign intelligence project originally approved in 1958 as LIEMPTY before it was renamed in 1970. Its role was to provide financial and material support for visual and photographic surveillance operations targeting the Soviet Embassy in Mexico City.
KEYWAYCIA Europe Division
KISHIN-1Adalid Delgadillo Menacho, a Captain of the Bolivian police force. CIA agent from 1960-63. A Bolivian security service penetrator, and later a low level Bolivian university cell Communist Party penetration.
KOBIRDThe CIA's East Asia Division.
K_PROGRAMAccording to Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS), 1952-1954, Guatemala, the K-Program were operations aimed at intelligence and defection of Guatemalan military; after May 11, 1954, redirected at military defections.
LADILLINGERBarbara Murphy Manell - the contract officer at the Soviet desk in Mexico City that wrote the 10/8/63 memo identifying Oswald as telephoning the Soviet embassy on October 1. [status: Unknown]
LARKSPURLARKSPUR was the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) cryptonym for Sergio Mainetto. LARKSPUR appeared to be connected to DEVISTA-1 in a series of documents during 1965.
LAROBDouble agent of FBI and USSR. A saIes representative for American Airlines, may be 201-729524, identity remains unknown. [status: Unknown]
LAURICLEAn action indicator for Staff D operations.
LNYAPACustoms - in the early 1970s.
LPDICTUMLPDICTUM/LPSPICE was an investment company. As of September 1973, it had invested over $100,000 in Petrolcos Mexicanos, S.A. Mexico. LPDICTUM/WUSALINE was also a investment company. Both companies were dissolved between 1965-1975, but their officers may have maintained links with the CIA [status: Probable]
LPHIDDENAn extremely sensitive operation run by the Office of Security in 1954. Private investigator Robert A. Maheu was paid by a competitor of Aristotle Onassis in 1954 to carry out a campaign of wiretaps and dirty tricks against the Greek shipping tycoon - with the knowledge and approval of the CIA and then-vice president Richard M. Nixon. [status: Unknown]
LPMEDLEYLPMEDLEY was possibly a cryptonym for an operation opening mail to and from USSR. [status: Speculative]
LPOVERConover Mast Publications [status: Probable]
MARTEOperation to seize Baracoa and launch a false flag attack on Guantanamo during the Bay of Pigs.
MEGANOMEGANO was a series of JMWAVE infiltration operations that took place, or were planned to take place, before the Bay of Pigs invasion in April, 1961.
MERRIMACAn Office of Security penetration and surveillance project designed to monitor dissident groups and potential threats to Agency personnel and operations.
MOCKINGBIRDThe case of the two newspaper reporters, probably Allen and Scott.
MONGOOSEA major covert action program aimed at overthrowing the Castro regime in Cuba from November 1961 to October 1962. The Chief of Operations was Gen. Edward Lansdale, who coordinated the activities among the CIA, the State Department, and the Defense Department.
MOONDUSTProject MOON DUST was an operation to recover objects and debris from space vehicles that had survived re-entry from space to earth. However, there have been many rumors about the project which connected it to the UFO phenomenon. [status: Probable]
MPWATCHUnknown. Found in same slugline as DYVOUR, the action indicator for Mexico. [status: Unknown]
MXWINDFALL-1JFK researcher Ken Rahn
NEMON-1Marvin Kantor, a Russian-speaking University of Copenhagen student between 1957-61 who made long visits to Minsk in 1958 and again in 1959, leaving in September 1959, shortly before Oswald's arrival. Like Oswald, he was the only American in Minsk at the time.
NEMOV-1Marvin Kantor, a Russian-speaking student who defected to Minsk, and left shortly before Oswald's arrival. Like Oswald, he was the only American in Minsk at the time. [status: Unknown]
NINI was probably the digraph for operations and assets in Belgium or Belgian related. [status: Probable]
NIACTAn abbreviation for "Night action", a communications indicator requiring action by the recipient at any hour day or night.
NIELOPEGustavo Arcos. Close friend of LITAMIL-1. Contact of Rolando Cubela in September 1963. By 1965, he was part of his network.
NIEXITA description for a communications pouch traveling between Cuba and Mexico. [status: Probable]
NIEXIT-1NIEXIT-1 was possibly Fernandez Shaw, an employee of the Spanish Embassy, Washington, D.C., in February of 1965. A cable on November 27, 1963, stated Henri was NIEXIT-1. [status: Speculative]
NIEXIT-3A CIA agent, name still unknown, serving as a communications circuit between Mexico and Cuba. [status: Probable]
NIGALENIGALE was probably a cryptonym related to Belgium. [status: Probable]
NONIACTNo night action. [status: Unknown]
NOTLOXThe radio channel used by CIA to communicate with MRR inside Cuba.
NVIDEAThe declassified CIA Files on Nazi and Japanese Imperial Government war crimes stated that NVIDEA was the cryptonym for the U.S. Department of State.
NVTAGFBI in the 1990s. [status: Probable]
NWBOLTONCIA in the 1990s.
NYXISA program focusing on the Soviet satellite countries.
OCELOTFelix Zabala. This is actually an FBI cryptonym which the CIA reported on using the OCELOT cryptonym.
OLYMPUSA PW effort with the DRE. The plan was to parachute into an airdrop zone and set up propaganda programs for the guerilla movement.
OMEGAAn exile group plan to invade Cuba, in the 1963-1964 time period, with Eloy Gutierrez Menoyo as the military chief.
OOLONGRelated to CIA internal communications. [status: Probable]
OPERATION40Counter-intelligence team which was to be integrated into the brigade and charged with the occupation and temporary administration of liberated territories. Comprised of AMFASTs and AMOTs. Military leader was Vicente Leon Leon who died at Bay of Pigs; overall leader was Joaquin Samjenis. [status: Probable]
OPERATION_RAPHAELA plan to kill Fidel Castro and maybe others during July 1962. Not to be confused with the attempt to kill education minister Carlos Rafael Rodriguez on 9/13/61, or at other times. [status: Probable]
OPIMOperational immediate
OWVLOne way, coded radio telegraphy link. Required sender/receiver one time PAD for decoding message.
OXCARTThe SR-71 Blackbird, developed in the mid-60s.
PACTProject PACT was a world-wide project of interest to high ranking officials in the CIA, State and Defense Departments in the 1950's.
PALPA CIA station that has its own mailing address, probably within Langley, frequently copied on issues involving literary figures. [status: Probable]
PANCHOPANCHO was a cryptonym for Carlos Castillo Armas. Castillo Armas was President of the Guatemalan Junta from July 8, 1954, and President of Guatemala from September 2, 1954 to July 26, 1957.
PARAGONThe domestic surveillance of Thelma King, a Latin American revolutionary whose group possessed alleged ties to a prominent CIA detractor. The CIA's Office of Security also conducted domestic surveillance of several of King's contacts in multiple US cities.
PASSAVOYCol. Wendell C. Johnson, retired Army colonel, was hired in 1961 as a contract agent. He was the liaison between the CRC and several other agencies, including CIA. [status: Probable]
PATHFINDERA plan to assassinate Castro that might have been turned to other purposes, such as killing JFK.
PATTYOperation to kill Fidel Castro and Raul Castro on 7/26/61, and then fire on Guantanamo Naval Base under the cover of Cuban uniforms, with the hope of provoking a US invasion of Cuba.
PAWNEE-3REDSKIN student in Helsinki during the summer of 1959. Friendly with Gregoriy Golub, the Soviet consul in Helsinki. Her Finnish was not as good as that of another REDSKIN student, PAWNEE-5. PAWNEE-3's identity is unknown.
PAWNEE-5She may have been Lydia Biddle. A REDSKIN student in Helsinki during the summer of 1959. Flirted with Gregoriy Golub, the Soviet consul in Helsinki. During September 1959, Golub began to offer "instant visas" for foreigners seeking to enter the USSR through Helsinki. Lee Oswald was one of the first to use this new arrangement. [status: Speculative]
PDDONORYuriy Ivanovich Nosenko, using the pseudonym George Martin Rosnek. He was a highly controversial Russian defector who caused a deep split among CIA leaders regarding his credibility.
PECTATEUnknown identity. PECTATE is found in documents related to David Phillips. [status: Unknown]
PEKLOKRadio communications circuit used by the MRR before NOTLOX.
PEPEExfiltration-infiltration Cuban operation in 1962, run by Dr. Augusto Valdes Miranda aka Polo Miranda.
PHOENIXOperation Phoenix was the coordination of all military, police and intelligence agencies in South Vietnam, in pursuit of civilian members of the VCI [Vietcong]. To this end the CIA created the Phoenix program’s Intelligence and Operations Coordinating Centers (IOCCs) at region, province and district levels.
PIPELINEThe declassified CIA Files on Nazi and Japanese Imperial Government war crimes stated that PIPELINE was the cryptonym for a Defector Project.
PLMHABYSSPersons or events that provide "low points" in the CIA's history. Many of these events are drug-related, and a couple of them involve Bernardo de Torres. Offered from the viewpoint of the Office of Security. [status: Speculative]
PLMHCONGAPLMHCONGA was the cryptonym for all significant cable traffic relating to the then current Congressional investigation of CIA, or simply the Congressional investigation of CIA.
PLUTOThis operation appears to be a Pentagon plan for air operations, and not strictly speaking a CIA cryptonym. It appears to be only a part of the CIA-led Operation Zapata, which entailed the landing of troops on the Zapata Peninsula in Central Cuba. [status: Probable]
PLVWBLANKETDescriptor for embarrassing information about the CIA that has or will enter the public arena. [status: Probable]
PLVWCADETHighly sensitive information that would be embarrassing to CIA if it were to be exposed. [status: Probable]
PMCADREPMCADRE was possibly a training project in Guatemala in 1960, prior to the Bay of Pigs invasion, in April, 1961. [status: Speculative]
PNINFINITEPNINFINITE was the cryptonym for the CIA in the 1990's.
QMTURGIDOne of the Watergate burglars, and probably Howard Hunt. [status: Probable]
QRACTIVERadio Liberty - CIA proprietary, began in 1953 broadcasting to the Soviet Union in Russian and fifteen other languages.
QREBONYRichard Gibson during the later sixties.
QRPHONE-1Richard Gibson
QUANTUM-30Unknown identity. A cable from Madrid on March 11, 1966, stated that "QUANTUM/30 brought up AMLASH (Rolando Cubela Secades) affair at lunch with Olien (James Noel) 10 Mar." [status: Unknown]
RAMRODRelated to aircraft missions. [status: Probable]
RCPLANETWorld Federation of Democratic Youth, a Communist controlled student and youth organization. [status: Probable]
REDLEGThe declassified CIA Files on Nazi and Japanese Imperial Government war crimes stated that REDLEG was a cryptonym for CIA Soviet Division.
RNEYEDROPUnknown identity. A cable in July of 1964 stated that Headquarters had, through new subject, RNEYEDROP, "very enthusiastic plans for election coverage," and requested Paris advise of RNEYEDROP's date of arrival in Chile and length of stay. [status: Unknown]
RNLABILEUnknown identity. RNLABILE was a CIA asset from at least 1954 to 1960. RNLABILE was probably a journalist, editor, or publisher in Mexico City. [status: Unknown]
RNRADULARSacha Volman, a Costa Rican "leftist democrat", head of the Labor Relations Institute in New York City, and long-time CIA agent.
ROBOTThe declassified CIA Files on Nazi and Japanese Imperial Government war crimes stated that ROBOT was the cryptonym for Josef Mueller, former Abwehr operative and OSS and CIA asset.
RUDigraph for operations and assets in Jamaica. [status: Probable]
RUFUSRUFUS was a cryptonym for Carlos Castillo Armas, the titular leader of the overthrow of President Arbenz of Guatemala in 1954.
RVROCKDescription of CIA in late sixties-early seventies.
RXZIMContested cryptonym for Lee Harvey Oswald. Cited by CIA officer James Wilcott. Not corroborated. [status: Speculative]
RYBATA high level of secrecy required to protect the message. As of 1969, if a document was marked as "RYBAT", CIA employees were not allowed to photocopy it.
SADOUBT-1Unknown identity. A cable on October 30, 1963, stated that SADOUBT-1 had reported that he had heard from a ranking official of the Cuban Ministry of the Interior while in Paris that Rolando Cubela and Angel Quevedo had resigned from the army after difficulties with Raul Castro. [status: Unknown]
SAFFRON-1Described as "a firm supporter of Calligeris". Calligeris was the pseudonym for Guatemalan junta leader Carlos Castillo Armas. [status: Unknown]
SARANACParamilitary training site in Nicaragua.
SCOMBERSCOMBER was the Consejo. A PBSUCCESS Progress Report on 15 June, 1954, stated that "LINCOLN currently plans to accredit Wellbank as the SCOMBER (Consejo) representative with President Osorio of El Salvador."
SCRANTONTraining base for radio operators near Nicaragua.
SEALProject containing Information concerning Office of Security operational support for covert action relative to the Bay of Pigs invasion. Project continued for years after the Bay of Pigs.
SECANTSECANT was the pseudonym for Major Enrique Trinidad Oliva. A CIA document in December, 1953, stated that SECANT was a retired Guatemalan Army Major residing in Guatemala City.
SECAROB-1Major Michael Hoare. A cable in August of 1964 described SECAROB-1 as a "ex-Katanga mercenary." Hoare died in February 2020, aged 100 years. [status: Probable]
SECAROB-2SECAROB-2 was probably Phyllis Sims, second wife of Michael Hoare. Hoare married Sims in 1961, and they had two children. Phyllis Sims died in 2009. [status: Probable]
SEMANTICSEMANTIC was probably Domingo Goicolea Villacorta. A cable on June 1, 1954, clarified that it was only SEMANTIC's brother, Hector, who had sought refuge in the Salvadoran Embassy, and not in the Ecuadoran Embassy. [status: Probable]
SEQUINUnknown identity. A report in December, 1953, stated that SEQUIN was a principal agent for the intelligence nets operating in Guatemala. [status: Unknown]
SGHOUSEAn accounting program used to provide vouchered funds for administrative purposes.
SGRANGERSGRANGER was probably the cryptonym for Latin America. [status: Probable]
SGUATCIA station in Guatemala.
SHERWOODCIA radio broadcasting program based in Nicaragua begun on May 1, 1954.
SIPOSY-1Unknown identity. Close friend of Conchita Fernandez. [status: Unknown]
SLHORIZON-1A Cuban official visiting Jamaica in 1977 and informed that Pedro Diaz Lanz may have been an assassin of JFK. [status: Unknown]
SOCCERSOCCER was probably Charles Siemon, brother-in-law of Guatemalan President Arbenz, and a former U.S. Army Counterintelligence Corps (CIC) officer. CIA HQs staff member, Daniel N. Gabowski, was probably SOCCER's cut-out and case officer. [status: Probable]
SOMERSETUnknown identity. SOMERSET was a location used during Operation PBSUCCESS. It was probably an air base located in Nicaragua. [status: Probable]
SROBAUnknown identity. A memo in February of 1954 on compromised documents mentioned that SROBA was one of the cryptonyms and pseudonyms exposed to President Somoza. [status: Unknown]
SRPOINTERThe name for HTLINGUAL mail opening project within the CIA's Office of Security. [status: Unknown]
STThe CIA nation designation for operations related to China. [status: Probable]
STFAITHLESS-6Yang Ting-Pao, US-educated and a member of the International Union of Architects that met in Havana during Sept-Oct 1963. [status: Probable]
SUGARRichard Gibson, chair of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee from 1961-1962, and then an expatriate in Europe. His work for the CIA began no later than 1965.
SUMACSUMAC was the cryptonym for Guillermo Toriello Garrido, Guatemalan Foreign Minister under Arbenz. A cable on June 29, 1954, stated that SUMAC had resigned.
SUMAC-2SUMAC-2 was the cryptonym for Lieutenant Colonel Jose Angel Sanchez Barillas.
SUPERIORSUPERIOR may possibly have been the cryptonym for Juan Cordova Cerna, lawyer for United Fruit Company in Guatemala, and supporter of Carlos Castillo Armas. [status: Speculative]
SWDigraph for operations and assets in Honduras. [status: Probable]
SWALLOWUnknown identity. A cable on 30 May, 1954, stated that Graham L. Page (probably Henry Hecksher) met and debriefed SWALLOW, with the latter agreeing that SMILAX was the only member of the high command who could be trusted. [status: Unknown]
SWITCHBACKAccording to the ARRB, Operation SWITCHBACK was designed to transfer the CIA's paramilitary capability to the Pentagon (undertaken after the failed Bay of Pigs invasion).
SWLUCK-1Unknown identity. SWLUCK-1 was a Honduras asset who informed on the Honduras Communist Party. [status: Unknown]
SYNCARPThe "Junta", Castillo Armas' political organization headed by Cordova Cerna.
TARBRUSHA black propaganda program run by the Mexico City station during the 1950s-1960s.
TEKLOKAgent inside Cuba in 1961 attempting to kill Fidel Castro, war name "Luis Jorge". [status: Unknown]
THROWOFF-3THROWOFF-3 was a cryptonym for Destan Berisha. According to a cable in January of 1954 Berisha also used the cryptonym of BLUEJAY-12.
TILTOperation designed to smuggle two Soviet missile technicians to make the claim that Soviet missiles remained in Cuba in 1963. Also known as the Bayo-Pawley raid.
TIPSTAFFSwedish intelligence service. [status: Probable]
TODHUNTERDDCI Marshall S. Carter. A cable on June 5, 1963, referred to TODHUNTER, while a duplicate copy of the same memo replaced TODHUNTER with DDCI. The DDCI at this time was Marshall Carter.
TOPAZIn Leon Uris' book Topaz, this was the pseudonym for Phillipe Thyraud de Vosjoli, member of the French intelligence service SDECE.
TPCovert monitoring [status: Probable]
TPAJAXBritish and United States coup against the democratic regime of Iranian Prime Minister, Mohammed Mossadegh, in 1953.
TPELIDEAt least through 4/64, used by the Mexico City station as a generic term for "embassy" and also used for a CIA team conducting surveillance. Caused confusion within CIA ranks. [status: Probable]
TPFASTTPFAST was a cryptonym for operations against China, as was LCHARVEST.
TPFEELINGTPFEELING may have been similar to QKIVORY (National Committee for a Free Europe and its subcommittees). [status: Speculative]
TPFOCUSUnknown identity. A memo in June of 1968, on the Garrison investigation of President Kennedy's assassination, stated that on December 13, 1950, William Clarens Wood was granted a CSC for utilization as a staff agent with Project TPFOCUS. [status: Unknown]
TPGLAREUnknown identity. A cable on September 20, 1956, stated that W. Koplowitz would meet with Edward Freers to discuss certain matters in connection with project TPGLARE. Freers was among those who dealt with Lee Harvey Oswald's apparent attempt to defect to the Soviet Union in 1959. [status: Unknown]
TPRANSACKThe International Federation of Journalists. This organization is also known by its Spanish language acronym, FIOPP.
TPTONICRadio Free Europe, aimed at the Eastern European countries.
TUNEST-1Unknown identity. A dispatch in March of 1962 stated that the Paris Station planned to use TUNEST-1 as an outside Principal Agent in an operation involving Pedro Ruiz Quintero (UNRUMBLE-2) and Rinaldo Lago Carbonell. [status: Unknown]
TURNIPOperation Turnip was linked to Operations Carrot and Rutabaga, Bowline in 1961, before the Bay of Pigs invasion in April of that year.
TWIXTRobert Maheu's first project with the CIA, assigning him to work against the interests of Greek industrialist Aristotle Onassis. Maheu was retained by the CIA to aid Onassis' competitor Stavros Nairchos after Onassis cut a deal to control 90% of Saudi Arabia's oil.
TYPICRouting indicator for Cuban operations.
TZFRESHPossibly Brazilian intelligence. [status: Speculative]
UOACEUOACE was a Western Hemisphere project that provided funds for salary, travel and miscellaneous operations in Mexico in the 1960s.
UOAMBER-2Miguel Geullerion Truyul-Gemeiro.
UOAMBER-4Vladimir Secen. Was described as an occasional source of information for the CIA on Caribbean matters between 1963 and 1966. [status: Probable]
UOAMBER-5Unknown identity. UOAMBER-5 appeared to have Virginia Ginebra, Vice Consul in the Dominican Consulate in Miami, as a contact/source in November 1964. [status: Unknown]
UOAMBER-6Unknown identity. A Cuban national, who was described as being both a former Latin American military officer, and a diplomat. Lived in Haiti and the Dominican Republic. [status: Unknown]
UPHILLWest German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND), which formed out of what was previously known as the Gehlen Org.
VAVA was probably the digraph for assets and operations in Finland, or related to Finland. [status: Probable]
VASLOUCH-1VASLOUCH-1 was Lauri Olavi Matikainen, businessman, trained in use of wireless telegraphy communications.
VASLOUCH-2VASLOUCH-2 was Estrella Matikainen, wife of Lauri Olavi Matikainen (VASLOUCH-1). Daughter Anneli Matikainen was VASLOUCH-3.
VASLOUCH-3VASLOUCH-3 was Anneli Matikainen, daughter of Lauri Olavi Matikainen (VASLOUCH-1) and Estrella Matikainen (VASLOUCH-2).
VENOMA CIA project monitoring the actions of the violent anti-Castro groups, located in Miami. [status: Speculative]
WASHTUBPhony arms cache planted by CIA in Nicaragua during 1954.
WKSCARLET-3Luis Posada
WKTANGO-1Orlando Garcia Vasquez, head of DISIP intelligence service in Venezuela. Previously known as CIRASH-6. In 1976, he was intelligence and security adviser to Venezuelan president Carlos Andres Perez. [status: Probable]
WNINTELWarning Notice - Intelligence sources and methods. Intelligence information to identify or would reasonably permit identification of an intelligence source or method that is susceptible to countermeasures that could nullify or reduce its effectiveness.
YEASTSlugline used for Operation Yeast, a landing plan for a small group during the Bay of Pigs.
YOACREGuantanamo Naval Base.
YOBELTUniversity of Miami. [status: Probable]
YOBULKA photographing scan facility of boats and planes. Possibly based at CIA headquarters. [status: Speculative]
YOCOUGHYOCOUGH was probably the cryptonym for Ace Cartography Company - later Ace Marine Survey, Inc. [status: Probable]
YOTARTUnknown identity. YOTART was some type of maritime support proprietary company. [status: Unknown]
ZACABINThe declassified CIA Files on Nazi and Japanese Imperial Government war crimes stated that ZACABIN was the cryptonym for CIA Office of Special Operations (OSO).
ZACACTUSThe declassified CIA Files on Nazi and Japanese Imperial Government war crimes stated that ZACACTUS was the cryptonym for CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC).
ZENITHA private, civilian corporation known as Zenith Technical Enterprises - serving as the commercial cover for the CIA's JM/WAVE station in Miami.
ZIPPERThe declassified CIA Files on Nazi and Japanese Imperial Government war crimes stated that ZIPPER was a cryptonym for the Gehlen Organization.
ZODIACInternal CIA system for processing travel information regarding all Soviet satellite nationals that travel into or from the United States.
ZOMBIEA list maintained within the CIA's Records Integration Division of all non-Soviet/satellite nationals who travel to the Soviet bloc.
ZORROA cache operation conducted by a four man team to provide weapons and explosives for Rolando Cubela inside Cuba.
ZPSECANTZPSECANT was probably Major Enrique Trinidad Oliva. A CIA memo in 1975 mentioned that in early July, 1954, Carlos Castillo Armas became President of the junta, which included Enrique Oliva and Elfigo Monzon as the other two members. [status: Probable]
ZPSEMANTICZPSEMANTIC was probably Domingo Goicolea Villacorta. A cable on June 1, 1954, clarified that it was only SEMANTIC's brother, Hector, who had sought refuge in the Salvadoran Embassy, and not in the Ecuadoran Embassy [status: Probable]

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