CIA Cryptonyms: AM

The CIA cryptonyms on this page show those which are begin with the two-letter bigram AM. Bigrams are used to group cryptonyms into sets related to a particular category, based on characteristics such as geographic location (AM => Cuba) or other methods of grouping (KU => organizations of the CIA itself).

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AMOperations, organizations, and individuals relating to Cuba.
AMABLE-1Unknown identity. A cable in November of 1964 mentioned that CIA asset, AMABLE-1, had derived the impression, after speaking to two high-ranking Cubans in Western Europe, that Cuban diplomats may have been ordered to be receptive to any opportunities to engage in rapprochement talks with the U.S. Government. [status: Unknown]
AMACME-1Jorge Mantilla. AMACME-1 was an informant of CIA operative Stanley M. Figolak in the Christian Democratic Movement (MDC) in 1964. [status: Speculative]
AMACRATICGeorge Nobregas, a Cuban exile and Executive Committee member of the Montecristi Group. [status: Probable]
AMADAGE-1According to cables in November and December, 1966, AMADAGE-1 was a close friend of LITAMIL-9 (Luis Alberu Souto), and had a serious heart attack in October of 1966. [status: Unknown]
AMADDERAMADDER was a JMWAVE infiltration sabotage team. A dispatch in October of 1963 mentioned that AMDENIM-1 (Alberto Fernandez Hechevarria) was responsible for assembling the AMADDER team.
AMAGONIZE-1Vera Borodowksy Jackiewich. A dispatch in January of 1968 mentioned that Vera Borodowsky Jackiewich's 201 number was 201-298225. A HSCA document stated that AMAGONIZE-1's 201 number was 201-298225.
AMAGREE-1Identified as "Mario Ramirez", possibly an alias. AMAGREE-1's ties with the CIA began in April 1963 as a radio operator trainee. Identified as a 33 year old Cuban exile during January 1964. [status: Unknown]
AMAGRESSAMAGRESS was probably Libertad Antigua Arencibia, acquaintance of Cuban exile, Ricardo Morales. [status: Probable]
AMAKA-1Used alias Antonio Garcia, true name unknown. One of the radio men working on the AMTRUNK personnel during November, 1963. [status: Unknown]
AMALBA-1Unknown identity. A memo in March of 1961 listed AMALBA-1 as being among those agents who either was known to AMIRE-1 (Emilio Americo Rodriguez), or was probably known to him. [status: Unknown]
AMANCHORAMANCHOR was probably an elite CIA team of anti-Castro Cubans involved in Underwater Demolition Team (UDT) or "frogmen" operations. [status: Probable]
AMANCHOR-1Alberto Beguiristain, frogman for the CIA in the 1960s, and an associate of Rolando Martinez (the anti-Castro Cuban activist who was one of the Watergate burglars in 1972). He was also an associate of Manuel Villamanan (AMFAUNA-13).
AMANTHEMPossibly Mario del Ferrer, the number two man after Tony Varona in the Rescate organization, also known as RDR (Rescate Democratico Revolucionario). [status: Speculative]
AMANVIL-1AMANVIL-1 was probably Jose Enrique Camejo Argudin, UN representative. A memo from LAD/JFK Task Force stated PLSLSTEEL-1 (possibly meant to be SLSTEEL-1) was formerly AMANVIL-1, AMCLOCK-1 and INDEVOUT-3. [status: Probable]
AMAPACHE-1Norberto Felipe Martinez Garcia. Also known as AMOT-110.
AMAPACHE-2AMAPACHE-2 was Isaias Alejandro Iglesias Pons, JMWAVE FI asset, arrived at Key West on 6/16/61 on the boat PANMAJA. Iglesias worked with Norberto Martinez Garcia in Pinar del Rio Province.
AMAPE-1Unknown identity. AMAPE-1 was described as a leading member of the Cuban exile community in a cable in April of 1963. [status: Unknown]
AMAPOLAThe Cuban Intelligence Service, with an outstation in Miami and an agent complex. This cryptonym also used for Jose Carbonell Marrero.
AMARGO-1Unknown identity. Was asked by JMWAVE to find out what happened to one of the exiled Cubans (Luis Mario Cantin de Nacimiento), who went missing in the failed Operation Tilt/Bayo Pawley raid, in early June 1963. [status: Unknown]
AMARIAUnknown identity. AMARIA was a CIA source/asset from at least December, 1958 to May, 1964. AMARIA reported on Manuel Ray Rivero (AMBANG-1) and Manuel Artime Buesa (AMBIDDY-1). [status: Unknown]
AMAROMA-2Unknown identity. A cable to ISOLATION (CIA's Camp Peary, also known as "The Farm") in March of 1965 stated that AMAROMA-2 was known as "Raul." [status: Unknown]
AMARROR-1AMARROR-1 was probably either Rolando Matheu Paz or brothers Francisco and Manuel Marrero Castillo. This would also apply to the identities of AMARROR-2 and -3. [status: Probable]
AMASPENResupply and infiltration operations. [status: Probable]
AMAUTO-1Orestes Guillermo Ruiz-Perez was a Cuban official and a Cuban intelligence officer. He was also the cousin-in-law of Cuban exile leader Antonio Veciana Blanch.
AMBABBLE-1A sister of either Jose Miguel Ramos or Gilberto Fundora Alcazar. [status: Probable]
AMBADGER-1Dr. Julian Gallo, head of legal department of Cuban telephone company.
AMBALD-1Humberto Arcocha Barcelo, Cuban engineer in the US by 1965.
AMBALD-2Juan Arcocha Barcelo, worked for the CIA Paris station during 1965.
AMBANGMRP until 1962 - during 1962, the MRP outside of Cuba became JURE. The Cuban group within Cuba was much smaller by 1962 because of the arrests in 1961.
AMBANG-1Manuel Ray Rivero, leader of the Revolutionary Movement of the People (MRP) and later Junta Revolucionaria Cubana (JURE).
AMBANG-2Ignacio Mendoza y de la Torre. Cables from Havana on December 9, 1960, stated that AMBANG-2 was Ignacio Mendoza y de la Torre.
AMBANG-3Jose Antonio Duarte Oropesa, was a leader of the MRP in the early 1960's. In 1968, Duarte may have got into a suspicious fight with RFK's alleged assassin Sirhan Sirhan weeks before the assassination.
AMBANG-4Rogelio Winceslao Cisneros y Diaz, one of the leaders of MRP inside Cuba; shortly after his arrival in the US, the MRP group split off and became JURE.
AMBANG-5Oswaldo Rodriguez Moura, identified in early 1978 as AMBANG-5.
AMBANG-8Orlando Rego Borrego, an auditor of the MIRR. He was also an FBI informant in late 1965, and was still a source for the FBI in April 1967. [status: Speculative]
AMBANTYParamilitary operation of internal resistance in Cuba during 1965-64 before Castro shut it down. Originally called AMCOBRA in 1962.
AMBANTY-1Esteban Marquez Novo. His oft-used pseudonym was Colonel Francisco Abad. By late 1961, he was acting chief of MRR in Cuba. Active until his death in 1964.
AMBARBPlacing DRE members in propaganda teams within universities throughout Latin America.
AMBARB-16AMBARB-16 was Eduardo Muniz Melo. A dispatch from JMWAVE in September of 1962 stated that Robert Q. Nelander as "Jesse Davega" met "AMBARB-16 as occasional policy/admin contact."
AMBARB-19Unknown identity. A dispatch from JMWAVE in August of 1962 stated that AMBARB-19 was a nephew of AMFACET-1 (Umberto Figueres Gonzalez). [status: Unknown]
AMBARB-22Rolando Fernandez Corredera, a Cuban Revolutionary Council (CRC) representative based in Lima, Peru in 1962.
AMBARB-23AMBARB-23 was possibly Nestor Campaneria Angel. A dispatch in July of 1962 stated, in regards to the DRE Colombia delegation, that AMBARB-23 had been withdrawn and was "slated for Peru." [status: Speculative]
AMBARB-27Unknown identity. A dispatch in July of 1962 mentioned that AMBARB-15 and AMBARB-27 were in Bolivia. [status: Unknown]
AMBARB-28AMBARB-28 was possibly either Rafael Orizondo Souto or Francisco Raded Bechili. AMBARB-28 was one of two AMBARB representatives in Ecuador. [status: Speculative]
AMBARB-32Carlos Valdesuso Rodriguez, president of Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil (DRE) in Brazil.
AMBARB-34Probably either Jorge Marban Garcia or Jorge Mendigutia Ramirez. AMBARB-34 was one of the two AMBARB representatives in Panama in 1962. [status: Probable]
AMBARB-41Rafael Tremols Fresneda, DRE member in Caracas. Notes in a folder on Luis Posada stated that AMBARB-41 was later CITUTOR-1. Another document stated that CITUTOR-1 was Rafael Tremols Fresneda.
AMBARB-43Probably either Jorge Marban Garcia or Jorge Mendigutia Ramirez. AMBARB-43 was one of the two AMBARB representatives in Panama in 1962. [status: Probable]
AMBARB-53Mario Pita Garcia.
AMBARB-54Jose Maria Lasa Urrutibeascoa. A dispatch on September 14, 1962, stated that Harold R. Noemayr (Ross Crozier) as "Roger Fox" met "AMBARB-54 occasional legal/international." [status: Probable]
AMBARB-59AMBARB-59 was possibly Alejandro Portes Cortada. CIA Western Hemisphere (WH) commented, in a cable from Director to JMWAVE on November 22, 1963, "BUEN (note: Buenos Aires) asks if recognition signal and address for AMBARB-59 previously forwarded by WAVE are still correct." [status: Speculative]
AMBARB-63Unknown identity. A dispatch in July of 1962 stated that in Salvador one candidate, AMBARB-63, was being processed. [status: Unknown]
AMBARB-65AMBARB-65 was possibly either Rafael Orizondo Souto or Francisco Raded Bechili. AMBARB-65 was one of two AMBARB representatives in Ecuador. [status: Speculative]
AMBARB-70Martin Morua Arrechea, national coordinator of DRE 1962-63. Joined propaganda unit within TFW in April 1962; by Oct 1962, a TFW "ops specialist". During 1961 and 1962 he was trying to purchase detonators in Chicago with Jorge Salazar who hosted Alpha 66 meetings at 3126 Harlandale, Dallas.
AMBARB-8Unknown identity. A dispatch in September of 1962 stated that the information in a report in June (see July dispatch below) was accurate, except for the addition of AMBARB-8 and AMBARB-77 to the delegation in Uruguay, and of AMBARB-85 to the Costa Rican delegation. [status: Unknown]
AMBARB-87Enrique Baloyra Herp was AMBARB-87. Baloyra was part of the DRE delegation that attended the Helsinki Youth Festival in late July, early August, 1962. Baloyra and John Koch (AMHINT-26) were arrested in Finland.
AMBARB-90AMBARB-90 was possibly either Fernando Acro Hernandez or Eduardo Tomas Torres Ramos. [status: Speculative]
AMBARK-1Hernandez (first name unknown). AMBARK-1 reported in December of 1958, in a cable that reported on Ernesto ("Che") Guevara's movement westward. [status: Unknown]
AMBASAL-1Probably Dr. Jose Francisco Alabau Trelles, former justice on Cuba's Supreme Court. A cable on July 14, 1964, described identities as JMWAVE assets. Another cable the same day stated the identities were Alabau and Luis Conte Aguero (AMCORE-2). [status: Probable]
AMBASEAMBASE was probably a JMWAVE psychological operation involving mail from at least 1963 to 1966. [status: Probable]
AMBASS-1Anis Felaifel, the chief of intelligence for the MRR.
AMBEACHOperation from Miami involving anti-Castro Cubans in December of 1963, and continuing until at least September of 1964.
AMBEATNIK-1Ignacio Piterre Rivera, Cuban ambassador to the Hague from 1959-1961.
AMBEDEW-1Orlando Castro Hidalgo, an officer from the Cuban DGI, who defected to the United States on March 31, 1969. [status: Probable]
AMBELLOW-1Justo Quijano Martinez. A cable on January 22, 1963, mentioned AMBELLOW-1 as IDEN. Another cable on the same day stated that IDEN was Justo Quijano Martinez, a member of the CRC who was still in Guatemala, and attempting to evade expulsion from that nation.
AMBELLOW-5Unknown identity. A cable on January 30, 1960, stated that AMBELLOW-5 reported he had been approached in Havana by Manuel Garcia de la Vega to join his group, which was allegedly led by Pedro Diaz Lanz. [status: Unknown]
AMBEND-1Robert M. Geddes. A dispatch in March, 1964, stated that in February, 1963, AMCARBON-1 (Al Burt) had reported that AMBEND-1 was back in Miami after being released from a Havana prison, and was the object of a great deal of media interest. A UR document stated that Geddes was released in February, 1963, matching AMBEND-1. [status: Probable]
AMBIDDY-1Manuel Artime Buesa, a prominent Cuban exile who was in the Bay of Pigs invasion, in 1963 moved to Nicaragua as leader of operation AMWORLD. In 1963, he used the pseudonym "Ignacio".
AMBIG-3Ricardo Adelis Cobos. Also known as Ricardo Adolis Cobos and Ricardo Adelis Cobos-Ricardo. Being sought for questioning by the Dallas FBI office at the time of the assassination. Close allies with the Pino Pino brothers - at least one of them lived at the House at Harlandale as of 11/22/63.
AMBIG-4Unknown identity. A dispatch in June of 1964 stated that Daniel Rodriguez Santos, the owner of the M/V ADA, recruited Armando Blanco Lorenzo, Romelio Lopez Sosa, and AMBIG-4 for an infiltration mission to Cuba which left Key West in May, 1964. [status: Speculative]
AMBLAB-1AMBLAB-1 is Domingo G. Silverio, aka "Alligator." Alligator is another messenger (besides AMULAR) used by Silvio Cardenas as a channel to William Pawley. Cardenas was the contact person for Rubio Padilla to communicate with Pawley. Rubio, Cardenas, and Pepin Rivero were active in the anti-Castro Accion Democratica Christiana (ADC) group in Cuba.
AMBLEAK-1Fernando Fernandez Cavada y Paris, UR's chief of public relations, also known as Frank Dutton. Also known as Estaban Joaquin Blanco Sanchez, an official of Rescate.
AMBLEAK-2AMBLEAK-2 may possibly have been Alicia Eugenia de la Luz Navarro Navarro. A cable in May of 1961 stated that the Unidad Revolucionaria (UR) were sending Navarro to Cuba as a courier to determine details of the remaining UR organization. [status: Speculative]
AMBLEAK-5Unknown identity. AMBLEAK-5 was in contact with AMWREN-1 and AMWEE-4 in late 1963. [status: Unknown]
AMBLESS-1Alberto del Junco Mesa, head of the internal wing of MDC from June 1961 until his defection January 1962; afterwards, he led a major faction in the US. Also known as "Julian Diego" and "Jesus".
AMBLESS-2Fermin Fleitas Arozamena. A dispatch in June of 1962 stated that AMBLESS-2's 201 number was 201-302892. A Field Information Report in May, 1963, mentioned that Fermin Fleitas Arozamena's 201 number was 201-302892, matching AMBLESS-2.
AMBLESS-3Violeta del Junco Mesa, mother of Alberto del Junco Mesa. A cable on September 6, 1961, stated AMBLESS-3 was Violeta del Junco Mesa.
AMBLINK-1Jack Stewart, also known as Henry Pachankis, "Joe", Andrew Merton, and Jack Warren. [status: Probable]
AMBLOODLuis Torroella y Martin Rivero, former Cuban Treasury minister who was executed in 1962 for his role in planning to kill Fidel Castro.
AMBLOW-1Amadeo Barletta, Jr., manager of Ambar Motors in Havana and manager of General Motors in Santo Domingo.
AMBLYGONRolando Masferrer Rojas. Was a casual informant - not an employee - from 1948-1950. [status: Probable]
AMBOA-2Marta Teresita de Jesus Couce y Yinas. A cable on November 26, 1963, requested that AMBOA-2 (IDEN C) be given a entry visa. IDEN C was Marta Teresita de Jesus Couce y Yinas.
AMBOA-3Captain Manuel Blanco Rodriguez. Cables on December 4, 1963, confirm that AMBOA-3 was Captain Manuel Blanco Rodriguez. JMWAVE was eager for Madrid Station to agree to AMBOA-3 being debriefed by Henry J. Sloman (probably Tony Sforza).
AMBOARMitchell Livingston WerBell, III, an arms merchant based in Powder Springs, Georgia. [status: Probable]
AMBOGY-1Vicente Munero Rojas, an economist by profession, who was arrested in 1964 in Cuba. [status: Speculative]
AMBOLT-2Dr. Orlando Bosch, General Coordinator with the Ejercito Cubano Anticomunista, also known as the ECA or the Anti-Communist Army. This group was formed in mid-1961 when Bosch merged his MIRR group with Evilio Duque Miyar's organization. In mid-1963, the two men separated their forces again. [status: Probable]
AMBOUY-2AMBOUY-2 may possibly have been Eustiquiano Garcia Lescano. A dispatch in May of 1962 on a DRE operation at Varadero Beach, Matanzas Province, stated that AMBOUY-2 acted as "regional intelligence and guide." [status: Speculative]
AMBRAY-1Possibly Leonel Alonso Fiel, Cuban Ambassador to Beirut. [status: Speculative]
AMBRONC-1Colonel Eduardo Martin y Elena. A dispatch on December 6, 1960, stated that the military head of the FRD was "said to be Col. Eduardo Martin Elena, a respected career Cuban army officer, reportedly untainted by connections with the Batista government."
AMBRONC-5Juan Manuel Guillot Castellanos aka Renato M. Lopez Zamoka. Alias "Monty". Described as an "Agency asset" in failed effort to lead uprising in Cuba in 1961-62, which resulted in his execution.
AMBRUSHIntel Section of the FRD (Cuban Democratic Revolutionary Front). Later described as the CRC's security and counter-intelligence team.
AMBUCKLE-1Ana Tomeu de Miller, head of the women's group known as the CFC.
AMBUDCuban Revolutionary Council (CRC), also known as "the Consejo", was a Cuban exile organization formed on 22 Mar 1961 under U.S. guidance to unify various exile groups. By late 1963, Henry Ruiz-Williams was the titular liaison between the moribund organization and the Kennedy Administration.
AMBUD-1Jose Miro Cardona, first Prime Minister of Cuba under Castro, who left Cuba and headed the Cuban Revolutionary Council (CRC) exile group.
AMBUD-3Dr. Antonio Maceo. Several CIA accounting bills for late 1964 make it clear that Dr. Vicente Lago Pereda was the scriptwriter for AMBUD-3. Receipts mentioned Dr. Antonio Maceo giving Lago $45 for his services.
AMBUD-5Dr. Andres Blanco Ferreiro. A handwritten note, on a cable in March of 1962, on the extension of POA's for AMCROW-1 (Oscar de la Vega Torres) and AMBUD-5 respectively, stated that the latter was Dr. Andres Blanco Ferreiro.
AMBUD-7Two cables on February 12, 1963, confirmed that AMBUD-7 was Pedro Aponte Mendez, a member of the Cuban Revolutionary Council (AMBUD), and also an official of FORDC (AMICE).
AMBUD-8AMBUD-8 was Maximo Sorondo Quintana, a Cuban Revolutionary Council (CRC) delegate in Colombia, Dominican Republic, and Brazil in the 1960's.
AMBULLUnknown identity. AMBULL was described in a CIA Information Report in November 1956 as a "Cuban with good contacts in labor circles." Possibly involved in the cattle trade in Cuba. [status: Unknown]
AMBUNNY-1Unknown identity. AMBUNNY-1 was to be sent to Paris, to be a French-English-Spanish speaking secretary, at the suggestion of Sidney P. Di Ubaldo, in 1965. The aim was to penetrate UNSNAFU-19's (Antonio Maria Carrillo Carreras) office. [status: Unknown]
AMCALLA project within the Joventud Obrera Catolica, also known as the Catholic Youth Workers. By December 1960, it was the labor arm of the MRP.
AMCALL-1Reinol Gonzalez Gonzalez, head of the Catholic-based MRP in Cuba until arrested at the Cesar Odio farm in October 1961. Also referred to as "Reynoldo". His war name was "Antonio". Also used alias "Joaquin Gomez".
AMCALL-2Known as "Pepe Alegria", and possibly the man known to Antonio Veciana as "Melton". HIs actual identity may have been CIA officer James O'Mailia, described as a cutout to AMCALL-1/Reynoldo Gonzalez. O'Mailia was also known as "Pepe". [status: Speculative]
AMCANDY-1AMCANDY-1 was some kind of funding channel. A cable in April 1969 stated that "Mr. Piper will pay AMSTRUT-2 (Juana de la Caridad Castro Ruz) new monthly expenses of $600. Will continue to fund her salary and radio costs through AMCANDY-1."
AMCANOEProject of U.S. contacts for a resistance group in Cuba, incl. support of Unidad de Liberacion Nacional (ULN). Paulino Sierra worked with this group in an effort to unify exiles.
AMCANOE-1Eduardo Garcia Molina, owner of the Garcia Shipping Lines.
AMCANOE-2Unknown identity. AMCANOE-2 had the 201 number of 201-726572, and was an associate of AMCANOE-1 (Eduardo Garcia Molina), and AMCANOE-3 (Antonio Jose Ramirez Mendez), among others. [status: Unknown]
AMCANOE-3Antonio Jose Ramirez Mendez aka Tony Ramallo, captured and executed during January 1964.
AMCANOE-7Benjamin Acosta Valdes. Acosta was executed by a firing squad on September 15, 1963.
AMCANOE-9Juan Amestoy Dominguez. He was killed in a gun battle on 29 September 1963.
AMCAPE-1Tad Szulc, confidant of JFK, New York Times journalist involved in AMTRUNK project. A document in 1977 stated that Tad Szulc was AMCAPE-1.
AMCAPON-4Unknown identity. According to a document in March of 1962, AMCAPON-4 was among a number of assets and operations who were known/handled by AMIRE-1 (Emilio Americo Rodriguez). [status: Unknown]
AMCARBON-1Al Burt, Miami Herald journalist used as source and "operational support" for CIA's JMWAVE station.
AMCARBON-2A Miami Herald journalist who introduced Shackley to Al Burt/AMCARBON-1 in late 1962 to ensure that CIA always had access to a Herald reporter. One possibility is Dom Bonafede, who was the chief Latin American correspondent until mid-1963. [status: Speculative]
AMCARBON-3Donald Dean Bohning, Latin American editor of Miami Herald and CIA source. A memo on June 5, 1968, stated that Donald Dean Bohning was AMCARBON-3.
AMCARD-1Fernando Otero Espino [status: Probable]
AMCASHUnknown identity. AMCASH was mentioned in a memo on AMMUG-1 (Vladimir Lahera Rodriguez) in May of 1964 by CIA Counterintelligence (CI) officer, Harold F. Swenson. [status: Unknown]
AMCHALK-1Gustavo Villoldo, chief of the intelligence service of Brigade 2506 in Guatemala in 1960-1961. After the Bay of Pigs, he spotted Cubans for recruitment and was a principal agent in paramilitary teams. Played a key role in the destruction of Che Guevara's guerrilla band in Bolivia in 1967. [status: Probable]
AMCHALK-5Miguel Angel Diaz Isalgue served as a Team Leader for several black infiltration groups targeting Cuba during the 1960s.
AMCHEEP-1Unknown identity. AMCHEEP-1, along with AMBOGEY-1, reported on Alpha 66 for the CIA in 1962. [status: Unknown]
AMCHEERThe AMCHEERS were a group of approximately 100 older, non-political Cubans, who received training from Dave Morales at JMWAVE as reserve intelligence personnel—80 had been trained by April 1961.
AMCHEER-1Julio G. Garcia, the training instructor for the "Black Falcons" or "Halcones Negros". Had the pseudonym of Al Smith, also referred to as "D-81" and "C-90".
AMCHEER-25Unknown identity. A cable in early December 1963, stated that AMCHEER-25 became a naturalized U.S. citizen on December 21, 1962, and was being utilized as P/A interpreter for the AMBANTY operation. [status: Unknown]
AMCHEETAHAMCHEETAH was Anthony J. Vaughn, a male United States citizen, and hotel manager - probably at the Hotel Vasco de Quiroga in Mexico City.
AMCHIRP-1Ramon Barquin Lopez of the MRP; the CIA considered him a key figure.
AMCHITTERUnknown identity. AMCHITTER reported on comments made by Eusebio Azcue, the former Cuban Consul in Mexico City, in December of 1959. AMCHITTER was described as a "person with good contacts in the Cuban Government." [status: Unknown]
AMCHUB-1Zachafy de Caster. A Information Intelligence Cable on February 12, 1964, described AMCHUB-1 as "an American engineer who lived in Cuba and left there in 1962, who has contacts in JURE." [status: Speculative]
AMCIGARFrente Revolucionario Democratico (FRD) Executive Committee; changed name in November 1960 to AMPORT.
AMCIVICCivic action project connected with Manuel Artime Buesa and the MRR in Latin America during the AMWORLD program.
AMCLANGAMCLANG was probably Andrew St. George. A cable in December of 1962 stated that AMCLANG was in the Miami area, doing preliminary photography work, for an hour long NBC special on Alpha 66, and its associated splinter groups. [status: Probable]
AMCLATTER-1Bernard Leon Barker, Cuban exile and a contract agent for CIA. Barker worked with E. Howard Hunt, Frank Sturgis, and Rolando Martinez - all four men were part of the team of Watergate burglars. His pseudonym was Spencer O. Terteling. Also known as "The Mule".
AMCLATTER-4Pedro Fernandez. A cable from Havana on August 27, 1960, stated that AMCLATTER-4 was Pedro Fernandez.
AMCLATTER-5Alberto de Jesus Alberty Garcia. A biography of Bernard Barker (AMCLATTER-1) noted Barker's recruitment of AMCLATTER-5, and identified A-5 as Alberto de Jesus Alberty Garcia.
AMCLATTER-6Ana Rosa Guerra Santana. AMCLATTER-6 was an associate of Bernard Barker (AMCLATTER-1). CIA's handwritten Bernard Barker chronology stated that AMCLATTER-6 was Guerra. There also appeared to be a reference to AMPAN-6.
AMCLATTER-8Unknown identity. AMCLATTER-8 told AMCLATTER-4 (Pedro Fernandez) in June 1960 that he had learned that police in Havana were probably investigating the activities of William Pawley of Miami. [status: Unknown]
AMCLATTER-9AMCLATTER-9 was Eugenio Jesus Veliz Hernandez. CIA's handwritten Bernard Barker chronology stated that AMCLATTER-9 was Veliz. Veliz's 201 number was 201-269700.
AMCLAY-1Emilio Adolfo Diaz Cobo. A document in April of 1962 stated that Emilio Diaz's C-Number was 84033, and his 201 number was 201-280999. An undated memo on the cancelling of OP's stated that AMCLAY-1's C-Number was 84033, and his 201 number was 201-280999.
AMCLEMENT-1Unknown identity. AMCLEMENT-1 translated the manifesto from the UR Chief of the Chinese Sector, Chao Kuo Tse, in May or June of 1962. The latter was apparently arrested in Cuba in July, 1962, and sentenced to ten years in prison and forced labor. [status: Unknown]
AMCLEVE-15Luis Posada Carriles, aka Luis Clemente Faustino Posada, Luis Clemente Posada, Luis Clemente Faustino Posada Carriles, El Bambi, Father Frank Roddson, Jr., Pete.
AMCLOCKEspionage net of Cubans. [status: Unknown]
AMCLOCK-1AMCLOCK-1 was probably Jose Enrique Camejo Argudin, UN representative. A memo from LAD/JFK Task Force stated PLSLSTEEL-1 was formerly AMANVIL-1, AMCLOCK-1 and INDEVOUT-3. [status: Probable]
AMCLUCKAMCLUCK was the cryptonym for Miguel Nadal Conte. A cable in April of 1959 stated that Ref B was assigned the cryptonym of AMCLUCK. The name Miguel Nadal Conte was handwritten in alongside Ref B.
AMCOAX-1Jose Pujals Mederos. His patronymic is also seen as Pujol and Pujols. Aliases included Chacho and Ernesto. [status: Probable]
AMCOBRAParamilitary operation of internal resistance in Cuba, renamed AMBANTY, rolled up by Castro in 1964. One of the two teams infiltrated into Cuba during the Cuban missile crisis.
AMCOGA “complex” operational net inside Cuba.
AMCOG-1Ramón Grau Alsina, a.k.a. Mongo. Brother of AMCOG-2 (Maria Leopoldina Grau Alsina de Agüero). Nephew and later adopted son of AMCOG-3 (Ramon Grau San Martin).
AMCOG-2Mrs. (Maria) Leopoldina Grau Alsina de Agüero, aka “Polita.”
AMCOG-3Ramon Grau San Martin, uncle of AMCOG-2 and AMCOG-1 (later foster father of AMCOG-1). Former (1944-48) Cuban President.
AMCOG-5A Cuban professional businessman with a medical background and a wide variety of contacts. Alleged sighting of Oswald in Cuba by Ofelia Miranda, a source of AMCOG-5. [status: Unknown]
AMCOG-9Unknown identity. A cable in November of 1964 described AMCOG-9 as "a Cuban Government official who is concerned with maritime affairs and who has official contacts in the majority of Cuban ports." [status: Unknown]
AMCONCERT-1Francisco Wilfredo Varona Alonso, AKA "Pancho," AKA "Paco." No relation to FRD chief Tony Varona.
AMCONCERT-4AMCONCERT-4 was probably Major Tomas Cabanas Batista. A cable in October, 1963, described AMCONCERT-4 like Cabanas - a "former employee of a Cuban Ministry, now in the United States. Source is reliable, although he has furnished little information during the past two years." [status: Speculative]
AMCOODelia Failde, the “Dragon Lady”, operator of commercial boats including the Veramar used in CIA exfiltrations.
AMCOOP-1Miguel Xiques Macias. Allied with AMCALL-1 (Reinol Gonzalez Gonzalez) during 1961. Also used the alias DIMPLE.
AMCOREA political action/propaganda operation using radio commentators to promote resistance, harassment, and sabotage against the Castro government.
AMCORE-1Abel Mestre, former owner of television and radio station "Circuito CMQ" in Cuba.
AMCORE-2Luis Ernesto Conte Aguero, former radio and TV commentator in Cuba who subsequently "worked on propaganda for the FRD" under AMCORE-1.
AMCOUP-1Ralph Brent aka Rolf Brent, president of WRUL and in charge of programming. [status: Probable]
AMCOVEAn "operation centered around an FI (Foreign Intelligence) net in Cuba to report intelligence information via Secret Writing."
AMCOVE-1Alejandra Sanchez. An undated CIA document from Virginia Renshaw, a researcher for the LAD/JFK Task Force, stated that AMCOVE-1 was Alejandra Sanchez, 201-299293.
AMCOVE-11Dr. Pedro Antonio Rodriguez Inigo.
AMCOVE-12Unknown identity. A cable on November 30, 1963, described AMCOVE-12 as "an agricultural specialist who travels in Habana and Pinar del Rio Provinces." [status: Unknown]
AMCOVE-14Unknown identity. Cables on December 11, 1963, stated that AMCOVE-14 reported to AMCOVE-5, and that Oscar aka Perico was a sub source of AMCOVE-14. [status: Unknown]
AMCOVE-2Unknown identity. A cable from JMWAVE on November 27, 1963, described AMCOVE-2 as "a former Cuban cattleman who had his land expropriated in October 1963, who had very limited contact with Soviets at Torrens." [status: Unknown]
AMCOVE-3Unknown identity. A cable from JMWAVE on December 2, 1963, stated that "AMCOVE-1 (note: Alejandra Sanchez) reported AMCOVE-3 has indirect contact with comandante who willing supply information." [status: Unknown]
AMCOVE-5Unknown identity. A cable from JMWAVE on November 27, 1963, described AMCOVE-5 as "a former businessman who has many contacts among the Cuban military." [status: Unknown]
AMCOVE-8Unknown identity. AMCOVE-8 was a sub source of AMCOVE-1 (Alejandra Sanchez), who lived in Pinar del Rio province. [status: Unknown]
AMCRAB-1Rolando Santana Reyes, Cuban defector to the United States from Montevideo, Uruguay.
AMCRACKLE-1James Joseph O'Mailia. His pseudonym was Gordon Biniaris. His alias was Joe Melton. [status: Probable]
AMCRAG-1Francisco Bilbao Alvarez, MRR chief, Oriente province, 1960-61. Worked with ONI intelligence officer Harold Feeney at Guantanamo Naval Base in the early sixties.
AMCRAG-7Unknown identity. A cable in April, 1962, from JMWAVE, originated by Henry J. Sloman (probably Tony Sforza), stated that AMCRAG-7 was a AMOT sub-source, and was the brother-in-law of Luis Alberto Espino Escales. [status: Unknown]
AMCRASH-1Unknown identity. Cables in 1966 stated that AMCRASH-1 was a friend of LITAMIL-9 (Luis Alberu Souto), had some sort of connection with Madrid, and had a 201 number of 201-772091. [status: Unknown]
AMCREW-1AMCREW-1 was Mario Nordio. A CIA memo (104-10111-10040) described Mario Nordio as "a stay-behind agent", and stated that he and his case officer, Robert Neet, were among those arrested in Havana on September 15, 1960.
AMCRIB-1Jesus Angulo Clemente. Was formerly a member of the Cuban Communist Party, and was from the radical left wing of the anti-Castro Cuban movement in the U.S. Participated in the Bay of Pigs invasion in April 1961, and was active in the COJCE and MDC in particular.
AMCROAK-1Bernardo Milanes Lopez, Castro’s mother’s doctor, recruited by Tony Sforza in Madrid in 1963. Part of a late 1963 plot to assassinate Fidel, Raul, and Che.
AMCROW-1Oscar de la Vega Torres, Secretary General of the DMR (the Cuban Revolutionary Teachers Directorate) in the early sixties.
AMCRUMB-1Carlos Maristany Sanchez, Cuban Ambassador to the Netherlands.
AMCRUMP-1Laureano Batista Falla. AMCRUMP-1's true name appears in a August 1966 CIA Field Information Report in a Movimiento Democrata Cristiano (MDC) file. [status: Speculative]
AMCRUMP-5Unknown identity. In June 1970, AMCRUMP-5 was the current proprietor of a marine services company. Probably a member of the MDC. [status: Unknown]
AMCRUMP-7Angel Hernandez Rojo was a member of the DRE and the MDC in the 1960's. He was a boat operator.
AMCUBE-1Pedro Jose Lucas Alvarez Tio. During 1961, received in Cuba all equipment targeted for delivery to MDC.
AMCURVE-1Jose Antonio Rabaza Vasquez, DGI officer.
AMCUSP-1AMCUSP-1 was Gasper Truepa Varona. Widow was Marta Couce Vinaa.
AMCUT-1Unknown identity. A dispatch in May, 1963, stated that AMCUT-1 was the source for a report on the training of Latin American saboteurs in Havana. In turn, his uncle (an informant) and/or Felipeber Ramon were sources for A-1. [status: Unknown]
AMCUTLER-1Brother of David Capeza Coupau. Courier for the AMFAUNA network. [status: Unknown]
AMCUTLER-2AMCUTLER-2 was a courier, and wife of AMCUTLER-1. AMCUTLER-2 was known as Carmina. [status: Unknown]
AMDAMP-3Francisco Botifoll. AMDAMP-3 was executed sometime between December 1963 and December 1965. A cable and Field Information Report in July 1963 described A-3 as a "Cuban professional man in Camaguey who travelled frequently to Habana." [status: Speculative]
AMDANJorge Madan Rivas, Cuba's Vice Minister for Foreign Commerce. May have provided information to CIA on Cuban nickel production. [status: Probable]
AMDAUB-1Unknown identity. AMDAUB-1 was a former Cuban code clerk, who was kidnapped in Mexico City in September, 1968, by Cuban diplomats. A-1 had been granted asylum in Mexico. [status: Unknown]
AMDECK-1A principal agent of James Tattersfield in the PM division. Appears to be Santiago Alvarez Fernandez, Jr. Both AMDECK-1 and Santiago, Jr. are described as "a Cuban exile with good access to activities of Comandos L", and "generally reliable" despite a "relatively short reporting history". [status: Probable]
AMDEL-1Andrew St. George. Principal agent in program after JFK's death aimed at penetrating Cuba. His wife states that he was Army Intelligence during World War II. His original name was Andrew Szentgyorgyi. [status: Speculative]
AMDENIM-1Alberto Fernandez Hechevarria, aka Echevarria, Cuban exile whose boat Tejana was used in anti-Castro activities. Leader of the paramilitary wing of the Unidad Revolucionario (UR). A source on CIA unsanctioned exile missions such as those conducted by Alpha 66. Former head of the Sugar Institute in Cuba.
AMDENIM-10AMDENIM-10 was possibly Pedro Ernesto Diaz. A cable in February, 1961, requested crypts for the individuals who maintained the Tejana. The ones listed first, fourth, eleventh and fourteenth became those AMDENIMS. [status: Speculative]
AMDENIM-11Eduardo Perez Gonzalez, aka Eddie Bayo.
AMDENIM-12Rafael Casals y Fernandez de Cueto, cook on the Tejana vessel in February of 1961.
AMDENIM-13Joaquin Powell Rubio, small boat operator, gunner, and long-time aide to Alberto Fernandez Hechevarria (AMDENIM-1)
AMDENIM-14Antonio ("Tony") Cuesta Valle, aka Lobanillo, military leader of Comandos L and other militant anti-Castro organizations such as Alpha-66, the UR and the MRR. He had been the vice-president of ITT in Havana.
AMDENIM-2Robert Clark Stevens, captain of the Tejana. True name was probably Bob Simon.
AMDENIM-3George Michael Kappes - also known as Mickey Kappes, engineer and operations officer of the Tejana, also Underwater Demolition Team (UDT)/"frogman."
AMDENIM-4Larry Laborde, captain of the Tejana III for many years. The vessel was used for resupply and infiltration operations until Laborde was laid off in 1962.
AMDENIM-5AMDENIM-5 was possibly Armando Rodriguez Alonso. On a cable on February 22, 1961, a handwritten number 5 stated "E. Naval candidate 8501, senior Cuban officer aboard." [status: Speculative]
AMDENIM-6Manuel Rodriguez Alonso. On a cable on February 22, 1961, this name was handwritten in line with number 6, which stated "F. Naval Candidate 8071, desk officer."
AMDENIM-9Eduardo Antonio Baez Ayala, member of the Tejana crew, member of the Unidad Revolucionaria's (UR) Black Falcons, member of the combat element of Alpha 66, and in the late 1960's the military leader of Comandos L.
AMDESK-1Ricardo Anibal Morales Navarrete, aka Monkey Morales. Sabotage leader of the AMDESK team during 1963-1964, described as "not a CIA sponsored project". Went on to an infamous career in right-wing terrorism before his violent death in 1982.
AMDESK-2Angel Manuel Benitez Benitez. A memo in October, 1964, stated that AMDESK-2's 201 number was 201-744305. A CIA document in November, 1964, stated that Angel Manuel Benitez Benitez had a C-Number of 744305.
AMDIAL-2One possibility is Aldo Pedro Margolles Duenas. In July 1962, AMDIAL-2 reported to AMOT-2 (Jose Joaquin Sanjenis Perdomo) the remarks of Juan Falcon Tamar on Cuban radio following Falcon's arrest. [status: Speculative]
AMDIP-1Tony Varona, full name Manuel Antonio de Varona Loredo. He was president of the CRC (Cuban Revolutionary Council). During 1948-50, he was the Prime Minister and Senator in government of Carlos Prio Socarras.
AMDIP-2Jesus Exposito Lorenzo, also assigned the cryptonym AMHAWK-2.
AMDIP-3Ramon Augusto Ruisanchez, aka Comandante Augusto, Cesar, and Tandi.
AMDIP-4Efrein Hernandez Cao, aide to Ramon Augusto Ruisanchez (AMDIP-3). A cable in January of 1963 stated that AMDIP-4 left Cuba in March, 1961, with AMDIP-3 (Ramon Augusto Ruisanchez). AMDIP-4 was also AMDIP-1 (Tony Varona)'s chief assistant on boats. [status: Probable]
AMDIP-5Unknown identity. A contact report in June of 1961 described AMDIP-5, along with AMDIP-4, as being a lieutenant of AMDIP-3 (Ramon Augusto Ruisanchez). AMDIP-3 requested that his case officer discipline them to work harder for him. [status: Unknown]
AMDITTOMIRR - Movimento Insurreccional de Recuperacion (Insurrectional Movement for Revolutionary Recovery). The exile group was led by Orlando Bosch.
AMDITTO-23Orlando Bosch Avila, a famous Cuban exile who led the MIRR. The MIRR engaged in a number of raids directed at the sugar industry in Cuba during 1963 in an effort to disrupt the economy. Bosch was linked to a number of bombing attacks directed at Cuba, particularly during the 1960s and 1970s.
AMDOFF-1Juan Orta, Director of the Office of the Prime Minister from 1959-1961. Described as Fidel Castro's private secretary. A probable double agent of the US government. [status: Probable]
AMDOG-1Jose Puente Blanco, the coordinator of JURE's youth wing. [status: Probable]
AMDOODLE-1Unknown identity. Worked with AMCOOP-1 (Miguel Xiques Macias) and AMIRE-1 (Emilio Americo Rodriguez) in the Staybehind net in Cuba. [status: Unknown]
AMDOODLE-3Unknown identity. A cable on November 28, 1963, described AMDOODLE-3 as "a Latin American diplomat who has maintained close relations with Gustavo Marin, secretary to General Miguel A. Ramirez, Dominican Minister of Agriculture." [status: Unknown]
AMDOROTHY-1Unknown identity. A cable on November 22, 1963, described AMDOROTHY-1 as "a Cuban national who held a minor administrative post in a foreign diplomatic installation in Santiago de Cuba." AMDOROTHY-1 was also described as a "long time" friend of Teofilo Babun. [status: Unknown]
AMDOSE-1Unknown identity. AMDOSE-1 sent a SW message on December 7, 1962, stating that "the majority of us hope that Kennedy finishes with Fidel before Christmas." [status: Unknown]
AMDOTAn Army team that conducts training at Eglin Air Force Base. CIA officer Norman Kiggins (possibly Bob Wall) was one of the trainers. [status: Probable]
AMDUKEAMDUKES were radio operators in the AMOT network.
AMEAT-1Unknown identity. AMEAT-1 was described as a small scale farmer from Havana Province. [status: Unknown]
AMECRU-1Guillermo Alonso Pujol, who was Vice-President of Cuba from 1948 to 1952 in the government of Carlos Prio. His son was among the exiles captured at the Bay of Pigs. Served as negotiator to rescue anti-Castro exiles from prison - CIA later identified him as a Cuban intelligence service agent.
AMEERThe AAA, or "Triple A", a wing of the Autentico party. Autentico led Cuba between 1944-1952, the first four years by Ramon Grau Martin and the latter four years by Carlos Prio.
AMEER-1Aureliano Sanchez Arango, head of the AAA, a wing of the Autentico party in Cuba. Sanchez was associated with Gerry Hemming and initially endorsed the anti-Castro activities of Hemming's Interpen group.
AMELU-3Unknown identity. A cable from Havana on March 25, 1960, stated that Stanley R. Zamka (David Morales) met AMELU-3 accidentally during a recent trip to Miami. AMELU-3 was a CIA Havana station asset. [status: Unknown]
AMEMBER-1Julio Lobo, sugar magnate in Cuba and later an exile and donor to the anti-Castro cause. Known in Cuba as "Mr. Sugar". Until his departure, he was the most powerful man in Cuba. He hired Antonio Veciana to be his accountant.
AMEPOCH-6Unknown identity. A cable on June 30, 1962, stated that AMDENIM-1 recommended AMEPOCH-6 of refs as Cuban receptionist for agents and supplies. A POA was requested on Silvia de Los Delgado. [status: Unknown]
AMEREBUSUnknown identity. A cable from JMWAVE on December 6, 1963, stated that the entire AMEREBUS team had been terminated on November 30th for apparent repeated minor security offenses. [status: Unknown]
AMESCORT-1Manuel Vega Abril. A dispatch in June, 1961, from Stanley R. Zamka (David S. Morales) stated that AMESCORT-1 was Identity E, which was Manuel Vega.
AMETROPIA-1Roberto Rodriguez Llompart. Close friend of defector and former Cuban intelligence officer, Vladimir Lahera Rodriguez (AMMUG-1) and target for defection by the CIA in the 1970's.
AMFACET-1Umberto Figueres Gonzalez.
AMFASTThe apparent core of Operation 40. A hundred selected Cubans trained to serve as counterintelligence (CI) officers and future government leaders. In a revolt such as the Bay of Pigs, their role was to penetrate inland as fast as possible and to identify and seize documents of the Castro government - and then serve as the intelligence arm of a temporary civilian government of Cuba.
AMFAST-112Unknown identity. According to an undated CIA document, AMFAST-112's 201 number was 201-288214. [status: Unknown]
AMFAST-13AMFAST-13 was Vicente Vasquez Dominquez. A cable on September 5, 1961, stated that AMFAST-13 was Vicente Vasquez Dominquez. "CI/PM" was also written next to his name.
AMFAST-18AMFAST-18 may possibly have been from Manuel Rodriguez Fleites (or Fleitas). [status: Speculative]
AMFAST-35Unknown identity. A dispatch in August of 1961 stated that AMFAST-35 was a radio technician and a member of the new AMOT complex. [status: Unknown]
AMFAST-6Jose Garcia Valdez, aka Pepe Gatillo, Pepe Iglesias and "Luciano". 201-299287. [status: Probable]
AMFAUNANetwork of in-Cuba agents, nearly all women, providing military, political, and economic reporting, including reports on attempts to kill Castro.
AMFAUNA-1David Cabeza Coupau, leader of the AMFAUNA (network of in-Cuba agents, nearly all women, providing military, political, and economic reporting, including reports on attempts to kill Castro) organization.
AMFAUNA-12Unknown identity. A cable in August of 1963 had a handwritten note at the bottom stating that "Withheld in touch AMFAUNA-12 + also Swiss" (probably a reference to AMKNOB-1 - Pedro Fedeli Medici, who was known as "the Swiss"). [status: Unknown]
AMFAUNA-13AMFAUNA-13 was Manuel Villamanan, who was involved in the MRR and the AMFAUNA Operation.
AMFAUNA-14Key part of the AMFAUNA network and a link to the AMCOG network. Taken into custody and interrogated at length by the Cuban government during October 1963. Known as "Soledad" and as "Betty". [status: Unknown]
AMFAUNA-26Unknown identity. In a January, 1964, dispatch AMFAUNA-26 was alleged to be the sister of Olga Rosquete Rodriguez. The latter was also alleged to be the wife of AMFLORA-1.
AMFAUNA-3Hortensia Orizondo Meneses. A cable on January 5, 1965, stated that AMFAUNA-3 was "ACSI source No. 180, under whose net Jose Vasquez Nerey worked until A/3 (was) exfiltrated by AMTRUNKS in September, 1963."
AMFAUNA-4"Gonzales", an important officer in the Cuban Army desirous of defecting in 1962.
AMFAUNA-7Unknown identity. A dispatch in July of 1963 stated that AMFAUNA-1 (David Cabeza Coupau) reported that a friend of AMFAUNA-7 was planning to assassinate Cuban leader, Fidel Castro Ruz (AMTHUG). [status: Unknown]
AMFAWN-1Unknown identity. A cable in March of 1963 from JMWAVE described AMFAWN-1 as a "Cuban exile (C) with extensive contacts among exiled Cuban labor leaders." [status: Unknown]
AMFED-1Jorge Medina Bringuier. A dispatch in July, 1964, stated that AMFED-1 and Ricardo Alfonso Villalva (war name "Oquendo") allegedly destroyed the DRE in Cuba in 1962. Bringuier was also known as "Mongo" and "Carlos Prado". [status: Probable]
AMFIFE-1Agusto Domingo Casamayor Castro. A document in April of 1962 stated that Agusto Casamayor's C-Number was 84121, and his 201 number was 201-281279. An undated memo on the cancelling of OP's stated that AMFIFE-1's C-Number was 84121, and his 201 number was 201-281279.
AMFIX-1AMFIX-1 was probably Teodore Enrique Casado Cuervo. A memo in March of 1961 listed AMFIX-1 as being among those agents who either was known to AMIRE-1 (Emilio Americo Rodriguez), or was probably known to him. [status: Probable]
AMFLORA-1Unknown identity. AMFLORA-1's wife was alleged to be Olga Rosquete Rodriguez, who was also alleged to be the sister of AMFAUNA-26.
AMFOX-1Juan Falcon Tamar, aka Juan Esteban. Also known as "Montes". [status: Probable]
AMFRAME-1Rafael Rivas Vasquez was a prominent member of Artime's MRR from 1959 onward. A highly valued propaganda asset in UR's projects in the 1960s. By 1965 he was chief of the UR Economic Warfare section.
AMGABE-1Julio Gaspar Hubert Rico. Among a small group of agents supposedly asked to determine if pro-Castro Cubans or anti-Castro Cubans were involved in the killing of JFK.
AMGAME-1Unknown identity. A cable in February of 1972 stated that AMGAME-1 knew Roberto Rodriguez Llompart (AMETROPIA-1), and assessed the latter "as being a worthwhile target and possibly recruitable." [status: Unknown]
AMGHOST-1Unknown identity. A memo on August 15, 1972 mentioned that AMWOLF-1 (Eduardo Araos Agero) was a trusted colleague and follower of AMGHOST-1. AMGHOST-1's 201 number was possibly 201-810126. [status: Unknown]
AMGIRAFFEAn unknown CIA asset involved with Cuban exiles members of the Unidad Revolucionaria (UR). [status: Speculative]
AMGLADThis network of UR agents provided foreign intelligence, with Andres Zayas (aka "Justo") at the center of it.
AMGLAD-1Ralph Diaz Hanscom, aka Rafael Diaz Hanscom. Planned to assassinate Fidel Castro on 3/27/61. Was captured with Humberto Sori Marin on 3/18/61 and executed during Bay of Pigs period.
AMGLAD-2Aureliano/Aurelio Fernandez Diaz. A dispatch in June, 1961, from Stanley R. Zamka (David S. Morales) stated that AMGLAD-2 was Identity A, which was Aureliano Fernandez Diaz.
AMGLAD-3Luis Vega Moreno. A dispatch in June, 1961, from Stanley R. Zamka (David S. Morales) stated that AMGLAD-3 was Identity B, which was Luis Vega.
AMGLAD-4Hector Febles (Barreto). Exfiltrated illegally from Cuba to the U.S. in August 1962. Granted a POA in October 1962. UR coordinator for action and sabotage. Also known as "Horacio". Head of the UR in the US.
AMGLEN-1Jesus A. Valdes Cardenas. A cable from Havana in September of 1960 stated that "AMGLEN-1 turned over to AMYUM-1 (Lino Bernabe Fernandez Martinez) and AMRUNG-1 (Rogelio Gonzalez y Corso)."
AMGLEN-9Probably Emilio Cardenas Pinera, also referred to as Emilio Cadenas Adan. In 1960, he was known as "DWAKIQ", a radio operator covering some of the boats. For at least one operation, AMGLEN-9 was known as "Ink". May have used the alias "Emilio Carbo", had close relations with Clemente Inclan/AMSIGH-2, and exfiltrated about the same time as AMCANOE-3 in late 1963. [status: Probable]
AMGLOSSYComandos Mambises - a CIA infiltration team designed to set up an intelligence network and a resistance organization inside Cuba during 1963. Members of the team were captured on 10/21/63. Head of team was allegedly Manuel Villafana/LITAINT-1.
AMGORILLA-1Rafael Guas Inclan, Vice President of Cuba, 1954-58, fits the description of the man described as a "rightist Cuban exile" who had been an official in the Batista regime and a trained reporter. [status: Probable]
AMGOSH-1Unknown identity. Contact of Margot Pena and Tony Varona, known under the alias of Frau Marsal Barbarossa Lorenzo. [status: Unknown]
AMGUN-1Probably Rafael Martinez Pupo, spokesman for the Comando Mambises. A dispatch in February, 1964, mentioned that AMGUN-1 was "primarily used in support of AMLILAC/AMTABBY/AMANCHOR Operations." [status: Probable]
AMGUPPY-1Ricardo Rafael Sardinas Sanchez, head of the Cuban Cane Planters Association.
AMHALFAction involving Uruguay in Cuba. [status: Probable]
AMHALF-2Hamlet Goncalves, First Secretary at the Uruguayan embassy in Havana. Sometimes spelled "Goncalvez" [status: Probable]
AMHAM-1Juan Felaifel Canahan testified against Rolando Cubela and others at the 1966 criminal trial in Cuba.
AMHAW-1Unknown identity. A cable from Havana on August 5, 1960, described AMHAW-1 as being "extremely enthusiastic, emotional and probably has tendency of over-optimism." [status: Unknown]
AMHAWKManuel Antonio (Tony) de Varona, a leader in the Cuban Revolutionary Council and other anti-Castro exile groups.
AMHAWK-2Jesus Exposito Lorenzo. Also assigned the cryptonym AMDIP-2, and known as "Ralph".
AMHAZEA post-Bay of Pigs CIA operational group consisting of exiles initially recruited for the 2506 Brigade. This brigade was the anti-Castro Cuban exiles and allies that participated in the Bay of Pigs.
AMHAZE-2523Carlos Eduardo Hernandez Sanchez, war name Eduardo Sanchez, nickname "Batea"
AMHAZE-2524Jorge Giraud Leiva. Early exile volunteer (April 1960) for military action against Cuba, along with Carlos Hernandez (AMHAZE-2523) and Felix Rodriguez. He was asked to be part of AMWORLD. Completed full military training including maritime operations and parachute drops. In 1963 recommended by JMWAVE Operations (Morales) for AMWORLD project.
AMHAZE-2563AMHAZE-2563 was Jose Rojas Castellanos. A memo on October 12, 1961, had 2563 in brackets after Rojas' name. Carlos Hernandez had 2523 in brackets after his name, and he was AMHAZE-2523. Therefore, Rojas was AMHAZE-2563.
AMHAZE-2736Unknown identity. AMHAZE-2736 was a trainee, who in New Orleans on April 20, 1961, was given $100 and a ticket to his home in New York City. [status: Unknown]
AMHELM-1AMHELM-1 was Antonio Perez Quesada. According to a dispatch in March, 1963, AMHELM-1's 201 number was 201-328512. A report in July, 1965, stated that Perez Quesada's 201 number was 201-328512.
AMHICKA paramilitary operation based on infiltrating individuals into Cuba and exfiltrating other individuals from Cuba. [status: Unknown]
AMHICK-1Unknown identity. Agent monitoring the Saavedra missile site during November 1963. [status: Unknown]
AMHICK-2Unknown identity. A cable in September of 1963 stated that AMHICK-1 and AMHICK-2 were due to undertake a short term infiltration/exfiltration operation on September 16, 1963. [status: Unknown]
AMHICK-4Fernando Alvarez Morales. Cables on December 9, 1963 (WAVE 8714 and WAVE 8715) stated that AMHICK-4 was Fernando Alvarez Morales.
AMHICK-5Domingo Muro. Cables on December 9, 1963 (WAVE 8714 and WAVE 8715) stated that AMHICK-5 was Domingo Muro.
AMHIMThe Agencia de Informaciones Periodisticas (the Agency for News Information) was a news service financed by CIA. A project for the "distribution of news and information bulletins and radio newscast tapes to addresses throughout Latin America". Used by Frank Sturgis' International Anti-Communist Brigade for its bulletin.
AMHIM-1Maybe Fernando Carrandi, the president of AMHIM. He was the one who obtained funding for AMHIM. [status: Speculative]
AMHIM-2Augustin Alles Soberon, worked under AMHIM project and also for Juana Castro's radio program.
AMHINTA branch of the DRE that conducted paramilitary and infiltration operations in Cuba. Their case officer was JMWAVE chief of operations David Morales. [status: Probable]
AMHINT-1Alberto Muller Quintana, also known as AMING-3. 201-286050. Cofounder of the DRE and a CIA agent, who was captured and held for many years by the Cuban government.
AMHINT-12Jose Antonio Gonzalez-Lanuza Mena. Referred to in CIA memo on 11/22/63 as "Jose Llanusa Gobel" - accidental or purposeful?
AMHINT-13Ernesto Fernandez Traviesa (or Travieso). A handwritten note on a memorandum in March, 1961, gave Ernesto Traviesa's 201 number as 201-291751. A cable in May, 1961, cited AMHINT-13's 201 number as 201-291751, matching's Traviesa/Travieso's.
AMHINT-14Julio Hernandez Suarez. DRE member, who was infiltrated into Cuba prior to the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion. A CIA cable in May 1964 stated that he had been in a Cuban prison for three years.
AMHINT-18George Nobregas aka Jorge Nobregas. AMHINT-18 used the names George and Jorge as an indigenous instructor. [status: Probable]
AMHINT-19AMHINT-19 was probably Raul Villaverde. [status: Probable]
AMHINT-2Juan Manuel Salvat Roque, a leading member of the Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil (DRE).
AMHINT-21Jose Jesus Basulto Leon. AMHINT-21 was infiltrated into Cuba before the Bay of Pigs invasion in April, 1961. In addition, AMHINT-21 took part in a raid on Cuba in April of 1962. [status: Speculative]
AMHINT-22AMHINT-22 was Frank Bernardino Babot.
AMHINT-23AMHINT-23 was Jose Raffo Barrera.
AMHINT-24Victor Espinosa Hernandez aka Victor Papucho Espinosa.
AMHINT-26John Koch Gene, aka Jose R. Alsina Vazquez. A CIA document in September 1961 stated that Koch was AMHINT-26, and stated he would "be used by PA/PROP in across the board training for an infiltration operation."
AMHINT-27Manuel Baro Esteva, military coordinator for the MRR.
AMHINT-28Angel Alfredo Fontanills y Miguel. Number 28 was handwritten next to Fontanills' name on a cable, in September, 1961, on the training of AMHINT infiltrators.
AMHINT-29Luis Cowan Fernandez. A cable in September of 1961 stated that Luis Cowan Fernandez was AMHINT-29. However, he may only have had this crypt a short time, as the cable mentioned that the crypts would be assigned after completion of training (he possibly only had this crypt provisionally).
AMHINT-3Miguel A. Garcia Armengol, head of the action and sabotage wing of the DRE until arrested in Cuba after the Bay of Pigs invasion. Spent many years in Cuban prison.
AMHINT-30Albor Ruiz Salazar, used the war name "Raul".
AMHINT-33Carlos Eduardo Hernandez Sanchez. According to a January, 1964, dispatch on Jorge Medina Bringuier (probably AMFED-1), AMHINT-33 was a black-belt Judo champion. In addition, a dispatch in February 1963 stated AMHINT-33 was an old friend of Bringuier's. [status: Probable]
AMHINT-39Delio Alberto Gonzalez Riba (201-308442). A cable in October 1961, included Delio Gonzalez among those who were to be assigned an AMHINT cryptonym. A dispatch on September 14, 1962, listed AMHINT-39, along with AMHINT-57, as DRE intelligence officers.
AMHINT-4Antonio Garcia Crew. A cable in November of 1960 stated that a propaganda team was assigned cryptonyms AMHINT-1, 2, 3, and 4. The following cable stated that AMHINT-4 was Antonio Garcia Crew.
AMHINT-40Julio Hernandez Rojo, used the war name Cesar. Took part in Operations GORDO, PEPE and PATRICIO. Arrested in October 1962, probably due to the double agent activities of Jorge Medina Bringuier.
AMHINT-42Leslie Nobregas, captain of the Susan Ann. A progress report on the DRE for April of 1962 stated that AMHINT-42 was part of the crew for a raid on Cuba. Also, a dispatch in May 1962, mentioned that AMHINT-42 was the captain of an infiltration mission into Cuba. [status: Speculative]
AMHINT-48Unknown identity. A dispatch in January of 1964 mentioned that AMHINT-48 was exposed to AMAGREE-1 as "Paco Gonzalez." [status: Unknown]
AMHINT-49Unknown identity. A dispatch in June of 1962 mentioned that "during the forthcoming 90 days the normal timetable calls for AMHINT-52 as radio operator in Havana Province, AMHINT-49 in Oriente Province and AMHINT-41 in Pinar del Rio Province." [status: Unknown]
AMHINT-5Isidro 'Chilo' Borja, early member of the DRE. He controlled the group's boats and headed the group's military section in 1963. Clare Boothe Luce referred to him as a boatman she called 'Julio Fernandez'. When CIA director Bill Colby followed up this story in October 1975, he was fired within days - with Donald Rumsfeld and Dick Cheney taking over leadership positions in the Ford Administration.
AMHINT-52Unknown identity. A report in April of 1962 on the DRE from Ross Crozier stated that JMWAVE had processed AMHINT-52 as their radio operator, with A-52 expected to begin training by the end of April. [status: Unknown]
AMHINT-53Luis Fernandez-Rocha, Secretary General of the Revolutionary Student Directorate (DRE).
AMHINT-56Juan Francisco Blanco Fernandez, participated in DRE raids on Cuba. Head of the DRE's military section.
AMHINT-57Unknown identity. A dispatch on September 24, 1962, stated that AMHINT-57 was a AMSPELL (DRE) intelligence officer. Another dispatch earlier in that month listed AMHINT-57 and AMHINT-39 (Delio Alberto Gonzalez Riba) as DRE intelligence personnel. [status: Unknown]
AMHINT-58Jose Angel Lozano y Lozano. A dispatch in October of 1962 described Lozano as the "national coordinator for agricultural affairs (actually organizer for guerrilla warfare and resistance groups throughout the island)." [status: Probable]
AMHINT-59Jose Maria Lasa. A dispatch on December 10, 1962, stated that AMHINT-53 (Luis Fernandez-Rocha) and AMHINT-59 (IDEN) of the DRE met Richard Helms in Washington D.C. on November 12-13, 1962. The identity was Jose Maria Lasa.
AMHINT-6Unknown identity. A dispatch in August of 1962 stated that AMHINT-6 was one of a number of DRE members infiltrated into Cuba by the time of the failed Bay of Pigs invasion in April, 1961. [status: Unknown]
AMHINT-8AMHINT-8 was the cryptonym for Carlos Duquesne Wylryez. A cable on April 11, 1961, stated that Carlos Duquesne's 201 number was 201-283951 (the first three digits in the second part are hard to distinguish but the last three are definitely 951).
AMHOBONewsletter in Mexico that received funds from CIA. [status: Probable]
AMHOOK-1Unknown identity. A CIA document in September of 1963 referred to "much conflict in the MRR" between AMHOOK-1 and AMBRONC-5 (Juan Manuel Guillot Castellanos) towards the end of 1961. [status: Unknown]
AMHOSEAMHOSE was a project that involved a cruiser broadcasting radio propaganda as it drifted off the Cuban coast. Its first broadcast was made on October 7, 1960. CIA officer Ross Crozier worked on this project.
AMHOSE-1AMHOSE-1 may possibly have been Ulises Carbo, son of Sergio Carbo, editor of the Prensa Libre newspaper. Ulises Carbo was captured at the Bay of Pigs invasion in April of 1961, and was later suspected of being an agent of the Cuban Government. [status: Speculative]
AMICARUS-1Julio Garcia Olivera. A cable in May of 1968 cited AMICARUS-1 as the identity for Mexico only. A cable the same day stated that the identity was Julio Garcia Olivera, the Cuban Ambassador to North Viet Nam, and member of the 13 Marzo Directorio Revolucionario.
AMICEFORDC, Frente Obrero Revolucionario Democratico Cubano. The English translation is Labor Revolutionary Democratic Front of Cuba.
AMICE-1Pascasio Linera Lopez, leader of FORDC. Also referred to as Pascasio Lineras. [status: Probable]
AMICE-10Unknown identity. Cables in late March and early April, 1961, stated that AMICE-10 worked with AMDIP-3 in sending, receiving and reporting SW messages. [status: Unknown]
AMICE-14Miguel A. Diaz Isalgue, a "principal" in the AMTRUNK operation. Used the alias "David Pardo".
AMICE-27Dr. Nestor Moreno, a "principal" in the AMTRUNK operation.
AMICE-29Unknown identity. AMICE-29 was a female who reported on FORDC and Rescate in March and early April of 1963. [status: Unknown]
AMICE-3Mario Fontela Alfonso. A cable in 1965 stated that Fontela was AMICE-3, with the 201 number of 201-288243. Fontela was Chief of Press and Propaganda for FORDC, Cuban Revolutionary Democratic Workers' Front, and was also the treasurer in the 1960's.
AMICE-31Reinaldo Pico Ramon, captured at the Bay of Pigs.
AMICE-8Unknown identity. AMICE-8 appeared to be in close contact with Jose Miro Cardona (AMBUD-1), who headed the CRC, and JMWAVE, in 1962. [status: Unknown]
AMIFF-1AMIFF-1 was probably Waldo Medina. AMIFF-1 was described in a CIA document in August of 1962 as an "airline executive" and was a contact of AMOT-2 (Jose Joaquin Sanjenis Perdomo). [status: Probable]
AMIGGY-1Espino Lopez Rieto, director of CRC's radio program on WRUL.
AMILIADThe paramilitary AMILIAD operation was terminated in late 1963. A cable on November 30, 1963, stated that the AMILIAD team had received refresher training with live fire weapons the previous day.
AMINGProbably the predecessor to the AMHINT group, which conducted in paramilitary and infiltration operations in Cuba. AMING members included Abel Mestre (AMING-1), Enrique Huertas (AMING-2), Alberto Muller (AMING-3, later AMHINT-1) and Juan Salvat (AMING-4, later AMHINT-2). [status: Probable]
AMING-1A CIA document in February of 1978 stated that AMING-1 was Abel Mestre, who was also assigned the cryptonym of AMCORE-1.
AMING-2Doctor Enrique Huertas Pozo. Also known as Enrique Huerta. A cable in June of 1962 stated that AMING-2 was IDEN A, and another cable the same day mentioned that IDEN A was Doctor Enrique Huertas Pozo, President of the Cuban Medical Association in Exile.
AMING-3Alberto Muller Quintana. Muller was also given the cryptonym AMHINT-1.
AMING-4Juan Manuel Salvat Roque. Salvat was later AMHINT-2.
AMIRE-1Emilio Americo Rodriguez.
AMIRONThe Frente Revolucionario Democratico (FRD), aka Cuban Democratic Revolutionary Front. The FRD Executive Committee was known as AMCIGAR. Sergio Arcacha Smith led the New Orleans branch - his second in command was Layton Martens and David Ferrie worked with them.
AMISLE-2Unknown identity. AMISLE-2 was described in a December, 1963, CIA Information Report as "a veteran Communist, well versed in economics, and employed by the Cuban Government." [status: Unknown]
AMIVY-2AMIVY-2 was probably Roberto Rodriguez Hevia. A cable on December 1, 1960, stated that AMIVY-2 was defecting to Miami. AMIVY-2 had "direct contact with AMBIDDY-1 (Manuel Artime Buesa) and AMHAWK-1 (Tony Varona) in Miami." [status: Probable]
AMIVY-3Unknown identity. One possible candidate who may have been AMIVY-3 was Captain Humberto Armada. [status: Unknown]
AMJACK-1Unknown identity. A cable on August 25, 1960, from Santiago de Cuba stated that the "base can establish contact with archbishop thru AMJACK-1. American cut out AMJACK-2 suitable candidate for discussions with archbishop." [status: Unknown]
AMJAGAgrupacion Montecristi from December 1960 on.
AMJAG-1Justo A. Carrillo Hernandez. Changed from AMWAIL-1 after breach of security in December 1960.
AMJAG-10Unknown identity. According to a CIA cable, AMJAG-10 sponsored Operation RUTH just prior to the Bay of Pigs invasion in April 1961. [status: Unknown]
AMJAG-2Unknown identity. A cable in December of 1960 stated that Jorge Sotus Romero had high regard for QDCOVE (Ricardo de la Lorie), and he also spoke well of AMJAG-2, AMPALM-10 (Angel Ros) and AMNORM-1 (Higino Diaz). [status: Unknown]
AMJAG-4Unknown identity. AMJAG-4 was an acquaintance of Tony Varona (AMDIP-1). [status: Unknown]
AMJAG-7Max Lesnick, aka Max Lesnik
AMJAG-8Orlando Ray Rivero, brother of Manuel Ray Rivero, leader of JURE. He was assigned the AMJAG-8 cryptonym in August 1963, previously having been AMWAIL-9.
AMJAGER-1Unknown identity. A dispatch on March 2, 1964, stated that Angel Luis Castillo, ACSI Source #670, was a "witting informant of AMJAGER-1." [status: Unknown]
AMJAM-1Jorge Bosch, son of Jose Pepin Bosch, head of Bacardi Rum Company. [status: Speculative]
AMJAVA-1Jorge Recarey Garcia-Vieta. [status: Speculative]
AMJAVA-2AMJAVA-2 was Oscar Alfonso Carol.
AMJAVA-3Contact of Ramon Augusto Ruisanchez. [status: Unknown]
AMJAVA-4Rafael Quintero, aka Rafael Aureli Quintero Ibarbia, aka Jose M. Hernandez Valdes, aka "Omar".
AMJOKE-1Felix Rodriguez Mendigutia. Influential Cuban exile.
AMJUDGE-1Unknown identity. AMJUDGE-1 reported in late November and early December of 1963 on the alleged importing and storing of arms in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, by Maximo Luis Vidal, and his brother, Cesar. [status: Unknown]
AMJUTE-1Arnesto Napoleon Rodriguez y Gonzalez. Worked with ONI in the 1930s. Father of Arnesto, Jr., an FBI informant that was in communication with Lee Oswald in New Orleans during the summer of 1963.
AMKAKA-7Miguel Casas Rodriguez Limonta, a member of the CRC as late as 1963 and a compatriot of the agent known as AMBELLOW-1. A student leader, described as a skilled propagandist.
AMKHAN-1Unknown identity. AMKHAN-1 was described in a cable on November 22, 1963, as "an educated Cuban of western European extraction who lives in Habana, source has reported military information acquired by personal observation. Source's reliability has not yet been established." [status: Unknown]
AMKHAN-2Carlos Martin Ahrens Temple, Western Union employee in Cuba recruited by CIA agent Bernard Barker (AMCLATTER-1). A CIA document in the early 1970's on Barker identified Ahrens as being AMKHAN-2. A-2 was a FI source in Cuba.
AMKHAN-3Unknown identity. A cable in June of 1965 described AMKHAN-3 as "a highly placed Cuban official who has provided documentary information which has been considered reliable since February 1964." [status: Unknown]
AMKIRK-1Maria Witoski, the estranged wife of Castro's personal physician Rene Vallejo.
AMKNOB-1Known as "the Swiss" (201-335958), Piero Fedeli Medici. Had a close relationship with Guillermo Ruiz (201-335938 and 201-735296). Ruiz was a Cuban intelligence officer and married to the cousin of Antonio Veicana/AMSHALE-1. AMKNOB-1 was an asset of Win Scott in Mexico City during 1963. By 1966, the CIA called him a double agent. In an attempt to get consul Eusebio Azcue to defect, the "Swiss" passed on useful information to CIA informant LITAMIL-3 in September 1963. Ruiz fled to Cuba on 11/22/63. Two weeks later, AMKNOB-1 returned to the scene and communicated with Cuban consulate employees Silvia Duran and Raul Aparicio.
AMKNOCK-1Unknown identity. A dispatch on June 4, 1963, mentioned that the Mexico City station had recently been exposed to AMKNOCK-1, who had "been living deep 'in the entrails of the monster' in Oriente." [status: Unknown]
AMKNOTProgram to assist Cuban merchant mariners who have defected from their service.
AMLABEL-1Enrique Badias Val de Iglesias, footwear industry head in Cuba. If not him, his "boss". [status: Probable]
AMLABOR-1Unknown identity. A cable from JMWAVE on November 28, 1963, mentioned that SW messages had been received from AMLISP-1, AMLABOR-1 and AMVEX-2. [status: Unknown]
AMLACE-1Luis Bastian Pinto, Brazil's ambassador to Cuba.
AMLACE-2Wife of Luis Bastian Pinto, Brazil's ambassador to Cuba (AMLACE-1).
AMLAKAPre-Bay of Pigs infiltration operation into Cuba. [status: Probable]
AMLAMEAn anti-Castro government net of agents based in the Belgian embassy in Cuba's Las Villas province. In the center of the country.
AMLAME-1Arturo Sueiras, a Cuban exile with contacts in the exile community in both Miami and New York. In close touch with corporate leaders, particularly in the sugar industry.
AMLAME-4Unknown identity - arrested on 12/26/63 in roll-up of the AMLAME net in Las Villas province. Involved in Miguel Casas Saez's abrupt departure from the United States on 11/22/63. [status: Unknown]
AMLAME-5Luis Puig Tabares. AMLAME-5 was confirmed as Luis Puig Tabares in a January 1964 AMFAUNA Progress Report and a HSCA document in 1977.
AMLASHRolando Cubela Secades, a Cuban doctor and official who was recruited in 1963 for an assassination attempt on Castro. Suspicion remains that Cubela may have been acting as a dangle to the CIA by Castro, due to his lenient treatment after his conviction for treason. Reported to be an informant to the Cuban government in 1980.
AMLASH-2Jorge Carlos Robreno Marieguez aka "El Mago" (The Wizard), 201-751639. Probably also QUSPOT-2.
AMLASH-3Alberto Blanco Ramirez aka "El Loco" (The Crazy One)
AMLAW-1Armando Hart, Cuban Minister of Education under Castro. [status: Probable]
AMLAW-3Carlos Lechuga Hevia, the diplomat at the Cuban Embassy in Mexico who became Cuba's Ambassador to the United Nations. Had an affair with Cuban embassy secretary Silvia Duran; this affair was used by the CIA by leaning on his wife in an effort to convince Lechuga and his family to defect.
AMLEGAn FI (foreign intelligence) operation using Cuban merchant seamen.
AMLEG-1Manuel Leveque Cajaraville.
AMLEG-29Unknown identity. Described as a "talented and well motivated agent." Had not defected to U.S. by April 1963. [status: Unknown]
AMLEG-4Alberto Gutierrez Barbero, first officer on the Bahia de Matanzas, where a sabotage-linked fire took place during May 1962. Gutierrez defected in October 1962.
AMLEMNOSAMLEMNOS was probably a team of anti-Castro Cubans who were being trained in late November, early December 1963. [status: Probable]
AMLEMON-1Eric Marcos. A memo from Eric Marcos in April of 1963 had "Lemon-1" handwritten alongside his name. Therefore, it is possible that Marcos was AMLEMON-1. [status: Speculative]
AMLEO"An FI propaganda operation involving the exploitation of Capt. Jose Ricardo Rabel Nunez (AMLEO-3), a high-level defector who escaped from Cuba in an INRA plane on 6 December 1962."
AMLEO-2Sister of AMLEO-3. Her name may be Dolores Rabel y Nunez. [status: Probable]
AMLEO-3Capt. Jose Ricardo Rabel Nunez, "a high-level defector who escaped from Cuba in an INRA plane on 6 December 1962." Almost certainly a double agent run by the Castro government. Involved with David Morales and Tony Sforza in the days leading up to 11/22/63.
AMLEPTONProgram run jointly by Ted Shackley's Miami station known as JMWAVE and James Angleton's CI Branch. Aimed at spotting refugees in Miami area who could serve as intermediaries to reach and ultimately recruit persons in Cuba for counterintelligence purposes.
AMLEXRaider aspect of AMBIDDY-1 (Manuel Artime Buesa) operations. A cable on May 20, 1963, mentioned that a IDEN crypt was being assigned for the above mentioned operations. Another cable on the same day stated IDEN was AMLEX.
AMLIE-1Ramon Cesar Cuenca Montoto, head of Cuban G-2 in Mexico. Neill Prew, a colleague of William K. Harvey, was notified of the contents of a February 1964 cable mentioning AMLIE-1.
AMLIGHT-1Huber Matos Benitez, important Cuban military leader in Camaguey province until his purge in 1959 for challenging Fidel Castro. Imprisoned until the 1970s.
AMLIKE-1Erasmo Espinosa Hernandez. The proposed AMLIKE operation in Ecuador itself appears to have run into problems and probably did not get established.
AMLILAC"Commando Groups" (Comandos Mambises and others) involved in infiltrations into Cuba.
AMLILAC-2Unknown identity. His 201 number is very close to that of the AMKNOB-1 figure - who in turn has a 201 number very close to who appears to be Guillermo Ruiz. [status: Unknown]
AMLILAC-22Unknown identity. A November 1967 CIA Information Report stated that AMLILAC-22 was associated with Rolando Masferrer Rojas. AMLILAC-22 apparently obtained information from Julio Aton Constanzo Palau. [status: Unknown]
AMLILAC-33Unknown identity. AMLILAC-33's information from Humberto Casas and Tulio Leiseca was the basis of a dispatch on AMWORLD in September 1964. It mentioned a planned infiltration mission whose apparent goal was the assassination of Fidel Castro. [status: Unknown]
AMLILAC-8Enrique Llanso Alzugaray. A dispatch in August 1965 stated that AMLILAC-8 had been fired a couple of years previously, around August 1963, and had been with Manuel Artime's (AMBIDDY-1) group since then. [status: Speculative]
AMLIME-1Julio Alonso Gonzalez, spelled in a variety of manners. A Cuban Revolutionary Navy Comandante. Captain of the JURE boat Venus in Puerto Rico as of early 1964. [status: Probable]
AMLINT-1Jose Gomez Rodriguez, aka "Cabezas" [status: Probable]
AMLION-1Heriberto Sardina Del Campo, described in an August, 1962, dispatch as an "investigator of operational leads and an assistant to AMDENIM-1's (Alberto Fernandez Hechevarria) in the handling of his fishermen and operational candidates."
AMLISP"A FI (foreign intelligence) project targeted against political and economic targets."
AMLITAINT-1Manuel Villafana Martinez, a CIA agent - also known as Angel Lorenzo Saavedra Correa. AMLITAINT-1 was a long time friend of Jaime Varela Canosa (LITAG-1), naval attaché at the Cuban Embassy in Mexico City until he defected in March 1960. [status: Probable]
AMLOAN-1Wilhelm Bernhardt John Kessler.
AMLOON-1Ricardo Rafael Sardinas Sanchez, aka Rafael Sardina Sanchez, active with the Cuban Association of Cane Growers and the FRD.
AMLOUT-1Raul Castro, brother of Fidel.
AMLUFF-1AMLUFF-1 was probably Alfred Moran. AMLUFF-1 was handwritten at the bottom of a page in a file of Augustin Guitart, who was a physics professor at Xavier University, in New Orleans, in 1963. [status: Probable]
AMLUNCH-1Carlos A. Valdes-Fauli, an agent in Miami that reported Jack Ruby's alleged visits to Cuba during the 1962-63 period.
AMLUNT-1Alwin Odio Tamayo, a Cuban DSE agent infiltrated into the JMWAVE area in the early 1960s to become a double agent.
AMLUNT-2Duney Perez Alamo, aka Dunney Perez Alamo.
AMLYRIC-1Manuel Brana Chansuolme/Chansoulme, Juanita Castro's (AMSTRUT-2) business partner, JMWAVE media/propaganda asset. Worked with AMCORE-2 (Luis Conte Aguero), and AMRAZOR-1 (probably Norman Diaz).
AMMOP-1Ernesto Rodriguez Diaz, MDC Secretary for International Relations. Two cables on April 21, 1966, confirmed that AMMOP-1 was Ernesto Rodriguez Diaz.
AMMUG-1Cuban intelligence officer named Vladimir Lahera Rodriguez, who defected to U.S. via Canada in April 1964, and was interrogated about Oswald in addition to other matters. Later became known as SLANK-1.
AMNICK-1Unknown identity. AMNICK-1 was described in a February of 1964 cable as "a Cuban naval officer who is assigned to the Komar-class guided-missile boats." [status: Unknown]
AMNIP-1Miguel Roche Monroy - Cuban DGI defector.
AMNORMGroup or team based around AMNORM-1 (Higino Diaz, aka Nino Diaz).
AMNORM-1Higino Diaz, aka Nino Diaz.
AMNUBA-1Unknown identity. AMNUBA-1 was a commando and radio operator in the AMLILAC ("Commando Groups" - Comandos Mambises and others, involved in infiltrations into Cuba) group. [status: Unknown]
AMNUBA-2AMNUBA-2 was Anibal Garcia Diaz. Anibal Garcia's 201 number matches that of AMNUBA-2 (201-730168).
AMOBESEJose Luis Posada Torres, Cuban Consul in Vera Cruz and Tampico. A cable in June, 1970, cited AMOBESE's 201 number as 201-334245. A CIA document in 1964 stated that Jose Luis Posada's 201 number was 201-334245, matching AMOBESE's.
AMOOZE-1Rogelio Montenegro Guasp, Cuban UN Delegate. [status: Speculative]
AMOTNetwork of Cubans trained by David Morales during 1960-61 to be a new Cuban intelligence service once Castro had been ousted. It became a proprietary which produced economic and sociological reports in support of Cuban operations.
AMOT-106Jose Casas, an anti-Castro emigre who was living in Pennsylvania and considered as a potential agent to attempt to recruit Cuban consul Eusebio Azcue in September 1963, just weeks before Azcue's encounter with Lee Oswald. [status: Speculative]
AMOT-11Benito Quevedo, Cuban officer working in the AMOT group, reporting on the leadership of the FRD and CRC. Based at Guantanamo Naval Base during 1963. [status: Unknown]
AMOT-110AMOT-110 was Norberto Felipe Martinez Garcia.
AMOT-119Max Lesnick Menendez, aka Max Lesnik. Lesnick ran the radio show "Cuba Despierta" aka "Cuba Awakens", which originated in Miami and transmitted from the Dominican Republic 1962-1963. Editor of the small Miami newspaper "Replica", beginning in 1963 and continuing for many years afterwards.
AMOT-12Unknown identity. AMOT-12 was described as a Cuban businessman in a Field Information Report in October of 1962. [status: Unknown]
AMOT-120Unknown identity. There are several possibilities. One is Eduardo Garcia, the shipping magnate, and owner of Garcia Lines. Another possibility is a member of the Babun family, such as Teofilo Babun. [status: Unknown]
AMOT-126Unknown identity. A Field Information Report from JMWAVE in January, 1963, appeared to state that AMOT-126 was a "former Cuban provincial employee and ham radio operator." More likely, AMOT-126 was a former Cuban businessman. [status: Unknown]
AMOT-129Unknown identity. Reported on Eloy Gutierrez Menoyo and was a very old friend of Sergio Lopez Ruiz de Porras, Communications Chief for the SFNE in mid-1964. [status: Unknown]
AMOT-132Unknown identity. AMOT-132 spotted and recommended for recruitment AMDESK-1 (Ricardo Anibal Morales Navarrete, aka Monkey Morales). [status: Unknown]
AMOT-133Probably Carlos Zarraga Martinez, a member of JURE. AMOT-133 was described as a former Cuban businessman, and was often the source for reports on JURE. AMOT-133 interviewed suspected Cuban agent Raul Gonzalez at Guantanamo Bay in 1963. [status: Probable]
AMOT-14Unknown identity. AMOT-14 was a anti-Castro agent working with JMWAVE officer David Morales in Miami. A dispatch in December of 1966 stated that AMOT-14 had a 201 number of 201-215388. [status: Unknown]
AMOT-15Unknown identity. AMOT-15 reported on the split in the Christian Democrats (MDC) in May and June of 1961 between the Gaston Melchor and Jose Ignacio Rasco's factions. [status: Unknown]
AMOT-16This agent and AMOT-4 were the controlled penetration agents within the AMOTS and the AMFASTS. Reporting on pro- and anti-Castro activity in the Miami area. [status: Unknown]
AMOT-161Unknown identity. AMOT-161 appears to have been described in a June, 1963, Report Cover Sheet and Information Report, as "a former member of Brigade 2506, who was a former Cuban aviation cadet." The information was allegedly from Rene Luis Pelly. [status: Unknown]
AMOT-166Unknown identity. Described as a spotter assessor in the New York area in a CIA cable of December 1963. A cable in November 1963, cited AMOT-166's 201 number as 201-355895. [status: Unknown]
AMOT-173Unknown identity. Reported from a source an alleged remark made by Eloy Gutierrez Menoyo on November 21, 1963, that "something very big would happen soon that would advance Cuban cause." [status: Unknown]
AMOT-174Dr. Marcus Rodriguez Menendez, an attorney and executive member of the Movimiento Democrata Cristiano (MDC). [status: Speculative]
AMOT-186Rene L. Diaz Gonzalez. AMOT-186's 201 number was 201-726322. Carl Jenkins' debriefing report on Reinol Gonzalez Gonzalez in May 1979 mentioned the latter's cousin, Rene Diaz Gonzalez, whose 201 number was 201-726322, matching AMOT-186's.
AMOT-2Jose Joaquin Sanjenis Perdomo, also known as Joaquin Sanjenis, titular head of the AMOT organization circa 1961 prior to the Bay of Pigs landings and into 1962. His pseudonym was Carlos Blanco.
AMOT-20Orestes Puig Rios. A cable in 1965 stated that Puig was AMOT-20, with the 201 number of 201-311333.
AMOT-28AMOT-28 was Andres Eugenio Venegas Garcia, a heavy equipment operator in Cuba. A memo in January, 1963, stated that AMOT-28's 201 number was 201-314932. A dispatch in January of 1967 stated Venegas 201 number was 201-314932.
AMOT-3Vincente Rafael Zorrilla Zorrilla. A memo in December of 1968 stated that Francisco Varona (AMCONCERT-1) told Julio Aton Constanzo in hospital that Vicente Zorrrilla was among the masterminds of those who tried to kill him.
AMOT-31Felix Gutierrez Fernandez, deputy to AMOT leader Joaquin Sanjenis. [status: Probable]
AMOT-32Orlando Gomez Gil. A CIA document in May of 1961 stated that AMOT-32 was Orlando Gomez Gil. Also, in Gil's files his C Number was 87355, which matched that of AMOT-32's.
AMOT-34George Nobregas aka Jorge Nobregas, in his role as contact with members of the Staybehind Net in Cuba, particularly AMIRE-1 (Emilio Americo Rodriguez), AMRYE-1 (Tony Sforza), and AMCONCERT-1 (Francisco Wilfredo Varona). [status: Probable]
AMOT-4This agent and AMOT-16 were the controlled penetration agents within the AMOTS and the AMFASTS. Reporting on pro- and anti-Castro activity in the Miami area. [status: Unknown]
AMOT-40A dispatch in June of 1961 by Stanley R. Zamka (David Morales) stated that AMOT-40 was still on the payroll and working for the Navy. [status: Unknown]
AMOT-46Eliser Flores Diaz. A report in June of 1961 stated that Eliser Flores was AMOT-46.
AMOT-48Unknown identity. A dispatch in May, 1961, stated that AMOT-48 was a source of operational intelligence in Oriente Province, and was in contact with the CIA via a cut out at the Guantanamo Naval Base. [status: Unknown]
AMOT-49Unknown identity. AMOT-49 reported on the SFNE in 1961, debriefed Israel Manzano Garcia in June, 1963, and reported on the MDC in 1964. [status: Unknown]
AMOT-5Pedro Diaz Lanz, also known as QDBIAS and Oscar Diaz. David Morales helped exfiltrate him from Cuba in 1959, and used him as a source thereafter. Diaz had been head of the Cuban Air Force. [status: Speculative]
AMOT-53Julio Jane Argudia. An AMOT source used by the CIA Miami Station. Also seen recruiting Cubans in New Orleans in 1961. [status: Probable]
AMOT-57Manuel del Valle Caral, who was captured at the end of December, 1962, with Cameron Perez in Cuba.
AMOT-6Marcos Diaz Lanz. Brother of Cuban Air Force chief Pedro Diaz Lanz - both of them defected to US. Former Inspector General of Cuban Air Force -his father and two brothers in Cuban prisons. Used as source by David Morales in 1961. Among the AMOTS, known as C-5. Previously known as QDCHAR, joined Minutemen by 1964.
AMOT-62Cesar Rodriguez Pintado. A CIA document in May of 1961 stated that AMOT-62 was Cesar Rodriguez Pintado.
AMOT-63Possibly Rafael Llacoya Gomez. A male source of intelligence reporting within Cuba. [status: Speculative]
AMOT-67Unknown identity. A CIA cable in early December 1963, stated that AMOT-67 from personal knowledge from Jesus Alvarez Amador acquired information about the plans of Comandos L. [status: Unknown]
AMOT-72Unknown identity. A dispatch on June 1, 1961, contained a report from AMOT-72 on the 17th of April Movement. [status: Unknown]
AMOT-74AMOT-74 was Pedro Fernandez. Fernandez was earlier assigned the cryptonym AMCLATTER-4. CIA's handwritten Bernard Barker chronology stated that AMCLATTER-4 was now AMOT-74.
AMOT-84Possibly Jose Caragol Aragon. Described as a Cuban businessman in a August 1962 CIA document. He was also a former classmate of Elio Mas in the Belen School. [status: Speculative]
AMOT-87Mercedes Maria de los Angeles Meana Comdina, who provided a great deal of information about the Cuban exiles' air force, known as the FAL.
AMOT-99Julio Fernandez Gonzalez. Fernandez Gonzalez was employed by the Intelligence and Security Commission of the FRD (AMIRON/AMBRUSH) for about two months in 1961. He received POA on 10 May, 1961 for use as a member of AMOT Admin Staff.
AMOTEX-9Oscar Angulo Reyes, of JURE and a penetration agent of the CIA. AMOTEX-9 was formerly AMTAUP-2.
AMOTIN-117Miguel Angel Diaz Isalgue. A memorandum in March of 1968 stated that AMOTIN-117 was formerly AMSTALK-1, with a 201 number of 201-307337.
AMOURETTE-7Unsure of this person's identity. Traveled during April 1957 with Cuban ambassador Emilio Nunez Portunado. [status: Probable]
AMOURETTE-9Padre Enrique Osler, aka Enrique Osle, Jesuit priest. Spiritual advisor to the youth workers JOC (Juventad Obrera Catolica) and the labor group UTC (Union Trabajadorsa Cristianos). Father Osler worked with Reynoldo Gonzalez/AMCALL-1 both before and after his capture at the farm of Amador Odio in October 1961. [status: Probable]
AMOURETTE-ALa Asociacion Cubana Pro-Democracia, based in Havana, spearheaded a wide variety of anti-Communist propaganda campaigns. [status: Probable]
AMOURETTE-BThe Catholic Youth Workers, known as the Joventud Obrera Catolica - or a project within the JOC. This group ran a radio program operation that was designed to create an active body of anti-Communists within the Cuban labor movement.
AMOURETTE-XA project of developmental propaganda activities in the television field under the direction of the Havana Station. Supported by David Phillips under alias of Michael Choaden.
AMOZONAMOZON was probably a JMWAVE infiltration team of anti-Castro Cubans from 1963 until around 1966. [status: Probable]
AMPACAMedia outlet on Cuban news, using radio and print. [status: Probable]
AMPACA-1Eduardo Borrell Navarro. A cable in June 1964, stated that AMPACA-1 was a newspaper executive, who worked part-time at Editorial Navarro, which was the largest Mexican publishing house. [status: Speculative]
AMPACK-1Unknown identity. According to a 1962 Mexico City cable, Carlos Tepedino (AMWHIP-1) was a contact of Andrew Merton (Jack Stewart) through AMPACK-1. [status: Unknown]
AMPAD-1Source at the Havana Station up to 1960. A cable on October 20, 1960, stated that AMPAD-1 was known as "Rodriguez". [status: Unknown]
AMPAID-4Probably either Ramon Hernandez Cabrera or Bernardo Martinez. A January 1963 Contact Report by Lewis D. Nicklas stated that AMPAID-4 was instructed to continue his efforts in identifying G-2 agents and other intelligence agents in the Miami area. [status: Probable]
AMPAL-1Alec Resnick, also known as Abe Resnick. Havana station source. Old friend of Lino Hernandez. Used the alias Joe Anderson.
AMPAL-2Unknown identity. A cable in August, 1960, from AMPAL-2, reported that Ralph Diaz Hanscom (AMGLAD-1), a member of the AMBIDDY internal group, was arriving in Miami. [status: Unknown]
AMPALMDescribed as the MDC/MRR complex circa 1960. An early effort, aided by CIA, to develop an organized anti-Castro united political front. The MDC, also known as the Christian Democrats.
AMPALM-1Oscar Echeverria y Salvat, Ministry of Commerce
AMPALM-10Angel Ros, national coordinator of the MRR, who used the pseudonym Raul Gonzalez as he became a double agent for the Cubans - and possibly tripled by the Americans in 1963.
AMPALM-2Laureano Batista Falla, military chief for the MDC. JMWAVE gave US Army permission to use Batista in 1962. Batista then became head of training site in Lacombe, Louisiana, and told Garrison the trainees were going to Manuel Artime's base in Nicaragua. Also known as AMTOD-1.
AMPALM-26Salvador Diaz Verson, a newsman who became Cuban National Police chief in 1934, and then military intelligence chief during Carlos Prio's presidency from 1948 to 1952. After JFK was killed, he admitted that he was the source of a phony rumor that Oswald and Silvia Duran met with the Cuban ambassador to Mexico.
AMPALM-3Roberto Ortiz Batista Falla, aka "Roberto Ortiz Crabb". [status: Unknown]
AMPALM-4Angel Fernandez Varela, paramilitary leader of the MDC/MRR complex.
AMPALM-5Jose Ignacio Agusto Rasco Bermudez, aka Jose Rasco, head of the Christian Democratic Movement (MDC). In 1961, Chicago cop/Mafia man Richard Cain served as his bodyguard.
AMPALM-6Maria Rafael Calleja y Morales Lopez (201-272312). A cable in March 1960, stated that AMPALM-6 was Maria Rafael Calleja y Morales Lopez, and that she was studying electric engineering at the University of Havana.
AMPALM-7Ramon Dominguez y Sanchez (201-274066). A cable in March of 1960 stated that AMPALM-7 was Ramon Dominguez y Sanchez, and that he was a graduate of the University of Havana.
AMPALM-8Alberto Francisco Hidalgo Garcia (201-274067). A cable in March of 1960 stated that AMPALM-8 was Alberto Francisco Hidalgo Garcia, and that he studied chemical engineering.
AMPALM-9Otto Ernesto Lanz Ruano (201-274068). A cable in March 1960, stated that AMPALM-9 was Otto Ernesto Lanz Ruano, and that he was a fourth year student at the University of Havana.
AMPALP-1One of three net chiefs in Cuba involved in the "staybehind plan" - the ones organizing the resistance inside Cuba after U.S. interests were forced to leave. [status: Speculative]
AMPAN-1Jose Orta. Sabotage expert in Havana, active with the MAR group during November 1960. Brother of Juan Orta/AMDOFF-1, who worked as Fidel's secretary and tried to poison Fidel. Participated in "November 30th Group" bombings of electrical plants that blacked out one fifth of Havana for almost a full day during November, 1960.
AMPAN-12Unknown identity. A dispatch in July of 1962 described AMPAN-12 as "a former chief engineer of the Office of Airports, he was recruited by Havana Station in 1960, and has been corresponding with JMWAVE by S/W." [status: Unknown]
AMPAN-18Charles Rouse. AMSHED-1 may have been Glysson Lawrence Mitchell. The brother-in-law of AMSHED-1 was AMPAN-18, who may have been Charles Rouse. [status: Speculative]
AMPAN-19Raul Martinez, husband of Grethel Martinez. [status: Probable]
AMPAN-2Military coordinator and treasurer Roberto Vale, also known as Roberto Valdez and Roberto Suarez de Cardenas. A net chief inside Cuba during 1960; active with MRP and Comandos L, and provided financial assistance to groups. Defected to US on 3/21/61, days before the Bay of Pigs. [status: Probable]
AMPAN-20Unknown identity. A dispatch from Havana Station in December, 1960, stated that on December 23, 1960, AMPAN-20 requested documents on the UR be delivered to AMOT-2 (Jose Joaquin Sanjenis Perdomo) and the FRD as soon as possible. [status: Unknown]
AMPAN-22Jose Ignacio Zarraga Diez-Muro
AMPAN-3May have been Ramon Lorido, aka "Monchin", aka Ramon Agustin Pinedo Mejia, a treasurer like AMPAN-2/Roberto Vale. The two men were described as the "Gold Dust Twins." AMPAN-3 was in the shipping business. [status: Speculative]
AMPAN-4Eladio Bas Trespalacios. AMPAN-4's boat was used to exfiltrate notable anti-Castro Cubans figures, such as Manuel Ray and Ramon Padilla Perez, from Cuba to the United States. [status: Probable]
AMPANICOperations that ended with many of the participants killed or captured in the 1960-1961 period. Nature of the operations still unclear.
AMPANIC-1Jorge Eduardo Mallo Cardisi, member of Unidad Revolucionaria (UR), who left Cuba in 1962.
AMPANIC-13Armando Escoto Aloy, captured during air drop and executed on April 20, 1961.
AMPANIC-14Juan de Jesus Arbelo Zabaleta. A communications trainer. AMPANIC-14 was known to AMYUM-1 and AMRUNG-1 in 1960. Also, a dispatch in January, 1964, stated that A-14 had been exposed to AMAGREE-1 as a training instructor known as "Enrique."
AMPANIC-2Antonio Santiago Ruiz, who was part of a break away from Tony Varona's Rescate organization. Santiago was among those who formed the PRCA. They remained loyal to the imprisoned Felix Lancis.
AMPANIC-5Plinio Prieto, a chief in the Escambray insurrection and leader of the Autentico Party, shot at Las Campanas during October 1960 for his opposition to Fidel Castro.
AMPANIC-6Tulio Prieto Ruiz, based in Cuba and Mexico, a former US Air Force officer who provided CIA with information on individuals and groups who were candidates for an insurrection against Castro both before and after the Bay of Pigs. Joined the Alianza organization in 1960. [status: Probable]
AMPANIC-7Emilio Adolfo Rivero Caro, also known as Emilio Rivero Lopez, "Brand" and "Pancho". He was arrested in March or April 1961 and spent many years in Cuban prison.
AMPANIC-9Wilfredo H. Brito Cartaya, one of the founders of the UR. Son of an Sinclair attorney, and ran Sinclair's oil transport in Cuba. Head of UR's PW division. [status: Probable]
AMPAPIST-2AMPAPIST-2 was Salvador Ginori, a U.S. medical student in Paris.
AMPARCEL-1Fernando Penabaz. A dispatch in November, 1963, stated that AMPARCEL-1 would be replaced as soon as a substitute has been found for him. [status: Probable]
AMPARCH-1Warren E. Frank, AKA Edward D. Knapman
AMPARTY-1An unknown source that provided the CIA information via a source within the Revolutionary Movement of the People (MRP) anti-Castro Cuban exile group. [status: Speculative]
AMPASHA-1Unknown identity. A cable in March, 1961, on the arrest of AMIRE-1, named AMPASHA-1 as being among those who either knew the former or probably knew him. Also, a cable on December 5, 1963, stated that the next letter AMPASHA-1 received signed Teresa would be a SW carbon. [status: Unknown]
AMPASSAMPASS was Alberto Roque Muller.
AMPATRINMichael "Jack" Malone, Vice President of Czarnikow-Rionda, a major sugar company with its headquarters in New York City. Malone was an important CIA and FBI informant.
AMPATROLAMPATROL was an operation created in 1959-1960 with Edward Tichborn (aka Henry Preston Lopez) hired by the CIA as a "political organizer" to bring together the most promising anti-Castro groups. [status: Probable]
AMPATROL-1Jose Antonio Gomez Perez.
AMPEARL-1Adolfo Merino, UPI Miami representative. [status: Speculative]
AMPEEL-1Unknown identity. A dispatch in June, 1962, stated AMPEEL-1's 201 number was 201-311154. A CIA document on the UR stated that Francisco Cid Crespo's 201 number was 201-311157, which was very close to AMPEEL-1's number. [status: Unknown]
AMPHODARCHA net of agents providing coverage of political activities at the University of Havana led by case officer Ross Crozier who used the pseudonym Arthur G. Vaivada.
AMPIG-1Justo Manuel Chinea, the father of Juan Manuel Chinea Verez, who was assigned the cryptonym AMBARB-53.
AMPINA-1Armando Lora Hernandez. A cable in August of 1960 stated that AMPINA-1 introduced Edward D. Knapman (probably Warren E. Frank) to Francisco Chaves Figueredo, an officer of the Cuban Ministry of Transportation until June, 1960. [status: Speculative]
AMPOLISH-1Unknown identity. A dispatch in October 1965 on the termination of AMRUG-5/Victor Paneque Batista stated that AMPOLISH-1 was the agent responsible for his dismissal, on instruction from Carl W. Jaenicken. [status: Unknown]
AMPOON-1Manuel Vega Perez, pseudonym "Marcos". High ranking Cuban intelligence official in Mexico City in late 1963.
AMPORTFRD Executive Committee; it was known as AMCIGAR until November 1960.
AMPRINTUnknown identity. A cable from Director on October 9, 1963, stated that HQs recommended Ontrich (Nestor Sanchez) not to attempt to meet AMPRINT at the scheduled reception in London. [status: Unknown]
AMPUG-1Alfredo Izaguirre Revoi aka Alfredo Izaguirre de la Riva, Alfredo Izaguirre Rivas. Also used the alias Luis Ravelo. 201-273550.
AMPUTEE-1Unknown identity. A dispatch in May, 1961, stated that AMPUTEE-1 was to be used for general Cuban matters and would be retained "as a future technical asset for telephone tappings." [status: Unknown]
AMQUACKChe Guevera, guerrilla leader and minister in Castro's Cuba, killed in Bolivia in 1968. Aka AMQUACK-1.
AMQUAR-1Two cables on October 24, 1963, stated that AMQUAR-1's identity was Humberto Cancio Gonzalez.
AMQUIP-1Felipe Vidal Santiago.
AMQUIP-2Ivan Vidal Santiago, the brother of Felipe Vidal Santiago, AMQUIP-1. Ivan was a CIA agent spying on JURE/AMBANG during 1963. Dallas is reported in 1963 as the headquarters of one of JURE's three major groups. [status: Speculative]
AMRAIL-1Enrique Carrillo. A dispatch in June, 1961, from Stanley R. Zamka (David S. Morales) stated AMRAIL-1 was Identity F. The same dispatch stated that Identity F was Enrique Carrillo.
AMRAIN-1Ing. Raul Esparza Sr. Among the attachments of a dispatch in June, 1966, were letters from AMRAIN-1 and AMFRAME-1. The following pages contained letters from Ing. Raul Esparza Sr. and Dr. Rafael Rivas Vasquez (AMFRAME-1). Therefore, Esparza was AMRAIN-1.
AMRANGEA foreign intelligence project targeting Fidel Castro and other high-level officials in the Ministry of Industry.
AMRAPTCIA proprietary company or asset in the media and/or publications field. A Church Commission document in 1976 stated that AMRAPT was a CIA proprietary company in the media and/or publications field.
AMRASPFRD (Democratic Revolutionary Front). This crypt was changed in December 1960 for security reasons.
AMRAVEL-1Unknown identity. A dispatch in June, 1962, cited AMRAVEL-1's 201 number as 201-291225. [status: Unknown]
AMRAYON-4A Contact Report from Theodore D. Ostier, Paramilitary (PM) Case Officer in February, 1963, stated that Cecilio Argelio Martinez, of the 30th of November Movement, was formerly AMRAYON-4.
AMRAZOR-1Norman Diaz. WAVE source, a radio commentator, paid by the CRC, and "weather vane" in the Miami Cuban community in the 60s. [status: Probable]
AMRAZZ-1Joaquin Godoy y Solis. Informant, a leader within the MRP, associate of Antonio Veciana. Jack Stewart's penetration agent inside the MRP/Alpha-66/November 30 alliance from 1962-1966.
AMREEF-1AMREEF-1 may possibly have been Cira (aka Cirata) Lopez Cejas. AMREEF-1 acted as a liaison between the CIA Havana Station and Manuel Ray Rivero (AMBANG-1) in the latter part of 1960. [status: Speculative]
AMRIFT-1Ramon Sinobas.
AMRILL-1Unknown identity. AMRILL-1 was described in a July of 1960 cable as a Cuban Government official. By 1962, he is reporting as a knowledgeable informant on "the exile community" [status: Unknown]
AMRIPE-1Referred to as "Maggie". Part of the exfiltration attempts of November, 1963 from Cuba.
AMRIPE-2"Jose": Probably Jose Luis Pelleya. Involved in the attempt to exfiltrate AMCANOE-3 from Cuba on 11/22/63. Sent pouch to Mexico City on 11/21/63. [status: Probable]
AMRIPE-3Raul Roa Kouri. In 1963, he was the Cuban ambassador to Brazil, son of Cuban foreign minister Raul Roa Garcia. Also known as Raulito Roa.
AMRIPE-4Unknown identity. AMRIPE-4 was referred to as "Helen." Was referred to as being part of the AMGLEN-9 group (along with AMRIPE-4 and A-9). [status: Unknown]
AMRODCIA program designed to split the Castro regime, with a special focus on the Soviet-aligned Vice Minister of Defense Joaquin Ordoqui.
AMROD-3Annie Garcia de Brunet.
AMRUG-5Victor Paneque Batista, aka by the aliases "Comandante Diego", "Rene", and "Ricardo". MIRR coordinator answering to AMDITTO-23/Orlando Bosch during early sixties. Sent by his uncle, AMPALM-2/Laureano Batista, to set up the training camp in Lacombe, Louisiana in 1963.
AMRUM-1Jose Pepin Bosch. AMRUM-1 was a friend of Polo Miranda (Augusto Valdes Miranda). Miranda was in charge of Operation PEPE in 1962. [status: Probable]
AMRUNG-1Rogelio Gonzalez y Corso, code name "Francisco". Name also referred to as Corzo and Corcho. Head of the internal resistance in Cuba until his capture in March 1961.
AMRUSTYUnknown identity. In a cable on January 27, 1965, AMRUSTY was referred to as "the conservative element." AMRUSTY was some type of CIA anti-Castro propaganda organization/asset/program. [status: Unknown]
AMRYE-1Anthony “Tony” Sforza.
AMSAIL-1Carlos Fernandez Trujillo, also known as Carlos B. Fernandez. He was a Miami attorney and an agent for the CIA that frequently traveled between Miami and Mexico City.
AMSAKIAMSAKI was a JMWAVE paramilitary operation originally scheduled for around November 24, 1963, but postponed until at least December 17th.
AMSALON-1Possibly Rolando Rodriguez, mixed up with the Bayo-Pawley operation and worked with Tico Herrera. AMSALON-1 was described as one of "several key AMWORLDERs" (along with AMHINT-27 and AMYUM-29) in a June 1964 CIA cable. [status: Speculative]
AMSANTAJoint FBI/CIA program to place willing FPCC members into Cuba to collect intelligence.
AMSATURALUSAMSATURALUS was the cryptonym for a joint CIA-AMDENIM-1 (Alberto Fernandez Hechevarria) project to establish ratlines into Cuba.
AMSAUCE-3Unknown identity. AMSAUCE-3 transmitted a series of SW messages in November and December of 1963. [status: Unknown]
AMSCREAM-1AMSCREAM-1 may possibly have been Roberto Espin. AMSCREAM-1 was probably involved in the CIA's propaganda effort against the Cuban regime of Fidel Castro. [status: Speculative]
AMSCROLLUR, also known as Unidad Revolucionaria. Its organizing membership was described as impatient former members of the MRR, well-educated and with the skills needed to overthrow a government.
AMSEDGE-1Unknown identity. A January, 1963, Field Information Report described AMSEDGE-1 as a close relative of a Brigade leader. [status: Unknown]
AMSEED-3AMSEED-3 was Dionisio Pastrana Moreno. AMSEED-3 worked with Alberto Fernandez Hechevarria (AMDENIM-1) and AMBIG-3 (Ricardo Adelis Cobos).
AMSEELY-1Unknown identity. In January, 1963, AMSEELY-1 and AMSHAFT recruited Maria Juana Asuncion Comella (AMGLAD-1's widow), who worked in the underground in Cuba through 1961. [status: Unknown]
AMSERF-1Francisco (Frank) Bartes. CIA source Bartes headed the New Orleans Cuban Revolutionary Council (CRC), and was also an FBI informant. Bartes' contact was Warren de Brueys.
AMSERVEUnknown identity. A note in a document stated that in November 1965, "the CI branch put A-1 (note: AMCLATTER-1 - Bernard Barker) to work interviewing refugees, although he was not made a part of the AMSERVE Team." [status: Unknown]
AMSESS-1Oscar Concepcion Mendoza
AMSEVER-2Double agent in Mexico City. Referred to as a "contract agent" and a "marginal agent". [status: Unknown]
AMSEVER-3Manuel Fernando Avila Aguirre, a double agent.
AMSHADY-1"Havana Rose", also known as Pepita Riera, a Cuban writer and broadcaster, who had a biweekly show on WMIE during 1963 where she discussed Cuban G-2 agents and informers.
AMSHAG-1Alberto Delbusto Hernandez. A dispatch in March, 1963, stated that AMSHAG-1's 201 number was 201-313128, which matches Alberto Delbusto Hernandez's 201 number in documents in 1979-1980.
AMSHAG-3Franciso Fesser, a military colleague of Carlos Prio. According to a dispatch in early December, 1963, AMSHAG-3 was an old member of the Autentico Party, and he was friends with Carlos Prio Socarras. [status: Probable]
AMSHALE-1Antonia Veciana, leader of Cuban exile group ALPHA-66. Veciana told HSCA investigator Gaeton Fonzi that he had worked with a "Maurice Bishop" who Fonzi came to believe was CIA officer David Phillips. Also known as Victor Fernandez, Victor Orcarlos.
AMSHATTERAMSHATTER was a JMWAVE anti-Castro Cuban team originally connected to AMDENIM-1 (Alberto Fernandez Hechevarria).
AMSHED-1Glysson Lawrence Mitchell. AMSHED-1 was the brother-in-law of AMPAN-18, associate of AMLEO-3 (Capt. Jose Ricardo Rabel Nunez), Mitchell Livingston WerBell III, and Adolis Cobo (AMBIG-3). [status: Speculative]
AMSHOT-1Irving Richard Poyle. At the time of JFK's death, the CIA was planning a meeting with him in Mexico regarding the AMROD operation with officer Oliver Fortson (probably Tony Sforza).
AMSHRUG-1Unknown identity. A cable in December, 1963, mentioned that AMSHRUG-1 acted as the interpreter for JMWAVE case officer Zickgraff during the latter's meeting with AMSHAG-3. AMSHRUG-1 knew Carlos Prio Socarras, and that the latter apparently thought AMSHAG-3 was a "tough cookie and a good leader." [status: Unknown]
AMSIGH-2Clemente Inclan Werner, prisoner released in 1970 and then used as intermediary between the Cuban government and imprisoned anti-Castro agents. Referred to as "Mente" after his capture in 1963.
AMSKIF-4Joaquin Bembibre (sometimes Membibre in documents) Vasquez. Documents 104-10077-10151 and 104-10075-10201 appear to show that there was a AMSKIF-5, and possibly an AMSKIF-6 as well (104-10193-10307). [status: Speculative]
AMSKIF-6Unknown identity. According to a dispatch in December of 1960, AMSKIF-6 was allegedly in contact with legendary Cuban guerrilla and peasant leader, Osvaldo Ramirez. AMSKIF-6 was apparently attempting to initiate a maritime operation on the south coast of Las Villas. [status: Unknown]
AMSKIRLS-1Andres Zayas, aka "Justo", a UR leader inside Cuba.
AMSKIRLS-2Jorge Zayas, the editor of Avance in Cuba. After leaving Cuba, he became active with the Inter-American Press Association. [status: Speculative]
AMSLAW-1Pedro Julio Martinez Fraga y Fernandez
AMSLOUCH-1Lauri Olavi Matikainen, businessman, trained in use of wireless telegraphy communications. Worked with CIA, may have become a double agent for Cuban intelligence. He was an honorary Finnish consul in Havana in the early sixties. Also known as VASLOUCH-1.
AMSLOUCH-2Estrella Matikainen, wife of Lauri Olavi Matikainen (AMSLOUCH-1). Daughter Anneli Matikainen was AMSLOUCH-3.
AMSLOUCH-3Anneli Matikainen, daughter of Lauri Olavi Matikainen (AMSLOUCH-1) and Estrella Matikainen (AMSLOUCH-2).
AMSLOUCH-6Rafael Mirabal Fernandez. A cable in July, 1971, mentioning AMMUG-1 and AMSLOUCH-6, cites two 201 numbers, AMMUG-1's (201-749651) and 201-812117, which appears to be AMSLOUCH-6's.
AMSLOUCH-7AMSLOUCH-7 was probably Auora Bosen Fernandez. [status: Probable]
AMSMILE-1Ernesto Betancourt was a supporter and later influential staunch critic of Fidel Castro that worked for the Organization of American States.
AMSNAKE-1AMSNAKE-1 may possibly have been Raul de la Rua Castro, who was the chief engineer aboard the Cuban MV SIERRA MAESTRA until March 20, 1966, when he defected at Muroran, Japan. [status: Speculative]
AMSNAP-2Unknown identity. AMSNAP-3 was Eugenio Rolando Martinez Careaga (1922-2021), influential anti-Castro Cuban and future Watergate burglar. Was AMSNAP-2 personally connected to Martinez in any way, i.e. was he an associate? [status: Unknown]
AMSNAP-3Eugenio Rolando Martinez Careaga, one of the Watergate burglars.
AMSNEAKOperation either involving AMLASH-1 or planned around him in the mid-1960's. [status: Speculative]
AMSORREL-5AMSORREL-5 was Jose Nicolas Salado Mata. Cables in November and December of 1963 cited AMSORREL-5's 201 number as 201-311334. Cables in June, 1964, stated that Nicolas Salado had a 201 number of 201-311334.
AMSOURAn operation based in Pinar del Rio province, utilizing the American rancher Lawrence K. Lunt. Collection of military, political and economic intelligence. [status: Probable]
AMSOUR-1Lawrence Kirby Lunt.
AMSOUR-2Juan Gomez Blanco, working with Larry Lunt in Pinar del Rio, Cuba in the early 1960s. [status: Probable]
AMSPAN-12AMSPAN-12 was Emile Hierrezuelo Lao, recruited in November 1962, and terminated in April 1966. A telepouch in September 1971 had the words "encrypted identity" after his name. The identity was given as AMSPAN-12.
AMSPAN-32Jose Antonio Rodriguez Sosa. A dispatch in November, 1962, on the cancellation of Operational Clearances included Jose Antonio Rodriguez Sosa, whose 201 number was 201-314484. This matches the 201 number of AMSPAN-32, as seen in a dispatch in May of 1967.
AMSPARKAMSPARK was a JMWAVE operation involving AMDENIM-1 (Alberto Fernandez Hechevarria) in 1963-1964. It was based around an infiltration team for Oriente Province.
AMSPARK-2AMSPARK-2 may possibly have been Raul Sainz. A dispatch in June 26, 1964, mentioned a fight between AMSPARK-2, an area guide, and AMSPARK-3, over A-3's "Batistiano background." [status: Speculative]
AMSPELLThe Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil, or DRE (Cuban Student Directorate). DRE delegate Carlos Bringuier had the famous altercation with Lee Oswald in New Orleans in the summer of 1963, and DRE members quickly spread information about Oswald after JFK's assassination.
AMSPICE-1Geraldine Shamma de Carrera aka Geraldine Shamman de Carrera, close colleague of Manuel Artime in 1960.
AMSPILLProject centered around a Cuban intelligence source (AMSPILL-1) who provided political and economic intelligence. The intelligence AMSPILL-1 provided "...dealt with Soviet personnel activity, Cuban military activity, shipping and health-related information."
AMSPORT-1Bichi Bernal, Cuban military attache in Japan who was recruited by the CIA and then defected. His cryptonym by 1965 was QUSPORT.
AMSPRAGThe AMSPRAG operation was scheduled at around the same time as Operation TILT in June of 1963. A cable on June 5, 1963, on TILT, stated that the vessel "Leda proceeds on Operation AMSPRAG." AMSPRAG was also a team.
AMSPRAWL-2A male official used by Mexico City Station to penetrate G-2 operations (Cuban Intelligence apparatus in Mexico) with "good access to Cuban Embassy personnel in Mexico City." [status: Probable]
AMSTAFFDGI (Direccion General de Inteligencia, also known as the General Directorate of Intelligence), Cuba's foreign intelligence service. [status: Probable]
AMSTALK-1Miguel Angel Diaz Isalgue
AMSTANDUnknown identity. A cable in January of 1965 from JMWAVE included AMSTAND as a slug, along with AMSWIRL-1 (Cesar Diosdado). [status: Unknown]
AMSTASH-1Manuel Viera Rodriguez, war name "Mario", head of action and sabotage unit in Havana in 1961-1962. Exfiltrated during August 1962.
AMSTAYAMSTAY was the cryptonym used in the late 1960's for JMWAVE. A cable in June of 1968 stated that AMSTAY was the identity for JMWAVE.
AMSTEM-1Rupert Alonza Alexander Gill. An undated memo stated that AMSTEM-1's 201 number was 201-280852. A CIA document on April 4, 1962, stated that Rupert Alonza Alexander Gill's 201 number was 201-280852.
AMSTET-1Jose Antonio "Nico" Garcia Lara, commercial attache in the Cuban embassy during 1962-63. A source of great value on the defection and recruitment front regarding Cubans.
AMSTOKE-1Lucas Roig, aka Pedro Lucas Roig Ortega, assistant commercial attache at the Cuban embassy in Mexico City who defected during June 1962. [status: Probable]
AMSTONE-1Ms. Valdes Hernandez, first name unknown. Daughter of Luis and Julia Valdes Hernandez. A Cuban double agent, trusted by the Castro regime.
AMSTOW-1Unknown identity. AMSTOW-1 was referred to in CIA documents as "Filipe" and "Felipe." AMSTOW-1 was the principal agent of the AMRYE-1 (Tony Sforza) stay behind net in Cuba in June 1961. [status: Unknown]
AMSTRAW-1DGI officer, Jose Miguel Fernandez Roa (also known as Miguel Roa). A cable in November of 1964 stated that Mexico City station wanted JMWAVE to send AMMUG-1 to the former to make an attempted defection attempt on AMSTRAW-1.
AMSTRUTThe operation and net of assets involved in the defection and recruitment of AMSTRUT-2 and, subsequently, her anti-Castro radio broadcasts.
AMSTRUT-1Virginia Vasco Leitao da Cunha, wife of the Brazilian Ambassador to Cuba.
AMSTRUT-2Juana de la Caridad Castro Ruz, sister of Fidel and Raul, who ran a radio program against her brothers' regime.
AMSTRUT-8Unknown identity. AMSTRUT-8 was part of the AMSTRUT operation. A cable in September 1971 stated that AMSTRUT-8 was the owner of Perforaciones S.A. [status: Unknown]
AMSTUFF-1Unknown identity. AMSTUFF-1 wrote a report following the arrest of Francisco Wilfredo Varona Alonso (AMCONCERT-1), in October 1961. [status: Unknown]
AMSTY-3Unknown identity. A cable in October 1963 stated that AMSAIL-1 (Carlos Fernandez Trujillo) had a high personal regard for AMSTY-3. [status: Unknown]
AMSUMNaval resistance group in Cuba during the first years of the Cuban Revolution. In 1962, became associated with UR in the United States.
AMSUM-1Juan Francisco Castellvi Prado. Unidad Revolucionaria (UR) asset. Brother-in-law of AMSUM-2, Antonio Ordonez Hernandez. [status: Probable]
AMSUM-2Antonio Ordonez Hernandez, brother-in-law of AMSUM-1, Juan Francisco Castellvi Prado. A dispatch in July, 1962, stated that Ordonez's 201 number was 201-323934. Also, a dispatch in March, 1963, stated that AMSUM-2's 201 number was 201-323934, matching Ordonez's.
AMSUM-3Possibly Guillermo Alvarez Boucle, born in September 1933 in Cienfuegos, Cuba. AMSUM-3 was formerly a chief petty officer in the Cuban Navy, and was employed with the merchant marine. [status: Speculative]
AMSUM-4Luis Carlos Pino Couto. Head of the AMSUM group in Cuba and listed as a potential security informant by the FBI.
AMSUMACOperation to ransom the Orozco brothers, AMTABBY-15 and AMTABBY-23. [status: Probable]
AMSUPER-1Dimas Domingo Figueredo Fernandez, CRC representative in Mexico City. [status: Probable]
AMSWEEPA foreign intelligence operation concerned with the collection of Cuban military and political information via shortwave and OWVL (one way voice link). AMSWEEP-1 was Jose Pujol Roca and his wife was Maria Caridad Aurelia Buch Y Rodriguez.
AMSWIRL-1Customs agent Cesar Diosdado.
AMTABBYA major paramilitary operation consisting of numerous sabotage operations against on-island targets. At least some of these operations were reviewed and approved by the Special Group (Augmented).
AMTABBY-10Unknown identity. A cable in February 1963 noted that AMTABBY-10 used the alias Garcia, was from Pinar del Rio Province in Cuba, and his father was in jail. [status: Unknown]
AMTABBY-15Miguel Angel Orozco Crespo
AMTABBY-16Ramon Orozco Crespo, brother of Miguel Orozco. [status: Speculative]
AMTABBY-23Pedro Vera Ortiz [status: Probable]
AMTABBY-27An executive pilot with the IRD (Interrogation Research Division) number C-87513. Probably Rafael Garcia Pujol. Another possibility is Ramon Escarda Rubio. Both Garcia and Escarda were pilots. [status: Speculative]
AMTABBY-61Alfredo Fernandez Martinez. A CIA document in November, 1964, stated that Alfredo Fernandez Martinez had a C-Number of 737177. A dispatch in April, 1966, stated that AMTABBY-61's 201 number was 201-737177.
AMTABBY-64Luis Alberto Crespo del Valle (Luis Crespo). AMTABBY-64 was assigned the cryptonym, and 201-738537, in early December 1963. [status: Speculative]
AMTABBY-7Unknown identity. AMTABBY-7 was part of an AMTABBY cache team in December 1963. In addition, a dispatch in April 1966 noted that AMTABBY-7 had recently sold an FAL rifle to Herminio Diaz. [status: Unknown]
AMTAFFY-1AMTAFFY-1 may possibly have been Mary Louise Wilkinson, Miami News reporter in the 1960's. AMTAFFY-1 was possibly a female journalist/reporter (see 9/20/65 dispatch). Husband was Robert Wilkinson, a CIA officer. [status: Speculative]
AMTAUPA CIA mole operation inside JURE, focusing on anti-CIA activities. [status: Probable]
AMTAUP-1Dr. Ernesto Alanis Angulo. [status: Probable]
AMTAUP-10Juan Bautista Perez Luis, chief gardener at the naval base in Cuba. Arrested as part of an CIA espionage net in 1965.
AMTAUP-2Oscar Angulo Reyes.
AMTEASE-1Heriberto Corona Mendez, the CRC representative in Panama. Provided support to AMBARBS.
AMTEE-1Unknown identity. AMTEE-1 was JMWAVE's contact with Raul F. Herrero Morales. AMTEE-1 was also a contact of Captain Edwin P. Le May, a Miami yacht broker. [status: Unknown]
AMTEE-5Captain Edwin P. Le May. AMTEE-5 was described in a November of 1964 cable as a "competent American observer and yachtsman with good contacts in fishing circles." Le May was described in a cable in July, 1961, as a "yacht broker", and JMWAVE traces revealed he was in contact with AMTEE-1 and AMCASK-1. [status: Speculative]
AMTERRY-1Unknown identity. JMWAVE instructor, terminated in late 1967 due to budgetary considerations. AMTERRY-1 became AMOTIN-116 in 1968. [status: Unknown]
AMTHEME-1AMTHEME-1 was possibly Vicente Rodriguez Suarez, secretary to AMCORE-2 (Luis Conte Aguero) in 1963, former Cuban newspaperman, FBI informant, and an AMOT collaborator. [status: Speculative]
AMTHEO-1Manuel Suarez Carreno.
AMTHEO-2Unknown identity. AMTHEO-2 was described in a CIA document on March 24, 1966, as "a Cuban engineer, specializing in agronomy, who is now retired but previously was in the sugar-refining business." [status: Unknown]
AMTHIGHA political action/propaganda operation using WRUL - the radio station owned by the Mormon Church - to sponsor anti-Castro broadcasts aimed at Cuba.
AMTHORN-1Unknown identity. It appears from two cables in November of 1962 that Oliver Fortson (probably Tony Sforza), Counterintelligence (CI), was the case officer of AMTHORN-1. [status: Unknown]
AMTHRILL-1Julio Kouri Barreto, diplomat and brother-in-law of Cuban foreign minister Raul Roa Garcia.
AMTHROB-9Ramon Cubenas Conde. Member of UR, MDC, and latterly Comandos L. Died on October 27, 1964, in an apparent accident at sea near Key West. [status: Probable]
AMTHUGFidel Castro, the Cuban leader who took power in 1959 and whose demise the U.S. began unsuccessfully plotting soon thereafter. 201-97456.
AMTICK-1Unknown identity. A cable from JMWAVE on December 5, 1963, stated that AMTICK-1 was to be passenger on a AMBANTY operation. [status: Unknown]
AMTIKI-1Believed to be Juan A. Paula Baez. The Official History of the Bay of Pigs Operation states that his true name was Manuel F. Goudie.
AMTOAD-1Julian Arias Prado, 1960 defector from Cuba after a stint as consul at the embassy in Los Angeles. Lee Oswald visited this embassy during Arias' stint while stationed at EL Toro in 1959. He originally used the crypt LITAINT-5 until his cover was blown in 1960; when he moved to Brazil, he used the name Angel Aparicio Laurencio.
AMTOBY-12Unknown identity. AMTOBY-12 was a radio operator in AMDENIM-1 (Alberto Fernandez Hechevarria) operations during 1963. [status: Unknown]
AMTOBY-13Unknown identity. AMTOBY-13 was a source on and a member of Comandos L. Long time friend of Comandos L member Francisco Illas Gonzalez (a 1965 CIA cable stated they had been friends for 15 years - since around 1950). [status: Unknown]
AMTOBY-16Unknown identity. A cable from JMWAVE on November 23, 1963, containing the slug AMHICK, stated that AMTOBY-16 had been exfiltrated on November 22nd, the day of the assassination of President Kennedy in Dallas. [status: Unknown]
AMTOD-1Laureano Batista Falla, also known as AMPALM-2.. Described here as a young Cuban exile trained in intelligence collection. The CIA described his reporting as "accurate but lacking depth". [status: Probable]
AMTOKEN-1Jose C. Fernandez Martin. He and the other AMTOKENs served under Captain Ernesto Despaigne as the CRC military staff. In September 1962 AMTOKEN-1 was being considered for advanced U.S. Army training. [status: Unknown]
AMTOPIC-2Luis Fernandez-Rocha. Secretary General of the Revolutionary Student Directorate (DRE). Was also AMHINT-53.
AMTORRIDOne of the two CIA assault teams that Bill Harvey sent into Cuba during the Cuban missile crisis in 1962. [status: Probable]
AMTORRID-4Unknown identity. Luis Balbuena was a contact of AMTORRID-4 at Guantanamo Naval Base in 1961. Moreover, in January, 1963, AMTORRID-4 reported on Julio Aton Constanzo Palau in New York City, and his threats to commit sabotage. [status: Unknown]
AMTOUT-1Mario Lazo y Guiral. Lazo was a Havana lawyer who had strong links to US interests in Cuba prior to Castro's seizure of power in January of 1959. Lazo was the author in 1968 of Dagger in the Heart: American Policy Failures in Cuba. [status: Probable]
AMTRAILUnknown operation in 1963 with Mexican links. [status: Probable]
AMTRIBE-5AMTRIBE-5 was Marcelino Martinez Tapia. A cable on November 29, 1963, stated that IDEN A was AMTRIBE-5. A cable on November 30, 1963, mentioned that IDEN A was Marcelino Martinez Tapia.
AMTRIBE-7Dr. Augusto Gallardo. A cable on November 29, 1963, stated that IDEN B was AMTRIBE-7. A cable on November 30, 1963, mentioned that IDEN B was Dr. Augusto Gallardo.
AMTRIGON-1A dispatch in October of 1962 identified AMTRIGON-1 as Argimino Fonseca Fernandez, aka Argimiro Fonseca Fernandez.
AMTRIGON-2Probably Roberto Herrera, aka Tico Herrera, a guerrilla leader in the Escambray during 1960-1961 before he arrived in the US. AMTRIGON-2 was the team leader of the infiltration team aboard the Villaro vessel in May 1962. In 1963 AMTRIGON-2 was working for Alberto Fernandez Hechevarria (AMDENIM-1). [status: Probable]
AMTRIGON-8Miguel de los Santos Delgado Martinez, anti-Castro Cuban and member of the Villaro crew.
AMTRUNKOperation for military overthrow of Castro's government in 1963, promoted within White House circles but distrusted by CIA. Also known as Plan Leonardo.
AMTRUNK-1George Volsky aka Jorge Volsky. His name was originally Jerzy Stanislaw Ajbuszyc when he served in the Polish military under the British operational command during World War II. Volsky was his grandmother's name.
AMTRUNK-10AMTRUNK-10 was Ramon Tomas Guin Diaz.
AMTRUNK-11AMTRUNK-11 was Carlos Pedraza Aguilar. Pedraza was arrested in December 1965, then tried for alleged CIA activities, and given a 30 year prison sentence.
AMTRUNK-12AMTRUNK-12's brother was Rafael Suarez More. A candidate to be AMTRUNK-12 was Adolfina Suarez More, mentioned in a dispatch on AMTRUNK on October 18, 1963.
AMTRUNK-13Unknown identity. Close friend of AMTRUNK-19 (probably Jose Alberto Semidey Isalgue, cousin of Miguel Diaz Isalgue) [AMICE-14/AMSTALK-1], and Cubana pilot). [status: Unknown]
AMTRUNK-14Unknown identity. A cable on 31 October, 1963, stated that AMICE-14 believed AMTRUNK-14 was under the influence of AMICE-27. [status: Unknown]
AMTRUNK-15Pedro LNU. AMTRUNK-15 was also known as "Horacio" in a S/W message.
AMTRUNK-16Used alias "Juan Gonzalez". AMTRUNK-16 was a team guide, fisherman, and long-time friend of Frank Fundora Fraga. [status: Unknown]
AMTRUNK-18Candido Diaz.
AMTRUNK-19Jose Alberto Semidey Isalgue, cousin of Miguel Diaz Isalgue (AMICE-14/AMSTALK-1), and Cubana pilot. [status: Probable]
AMTRUNK-2Enrique Cayado Rivera, aka Enrique Javier Cavado Rivera.
AMTRUNK-20Enrique Herrera Aro.
AMTRUNK-21Unknown identity. A POA was approved for AMTRUNK-21 on February 12, 1965, and A-21 was assigned the 201 number of 201-300063. [status: Unknown]
AMTRUNK-3Antonio Garcia Perez.
AMTRUNK-4A fisherman who defected to the US during Feb. 1963 and was used as a maritime guide. Identity unknown. [status: Unknown]
AMTRUNK-5Unknown identity. A cable in January 1965 stated that AMTRUNK-5 was a former guide, who was terminated in the middle of 1963. In addition, in a cable in February 1965, AMSWIRL-1 reported on January 29, 1965, that AMTRUNK-5 had been executed. [status: Unknown]
AMTRUNK-7AMTRUNK-7 was Pedro Diaz Torres, a fisherman and member of the Second National Front of the Escambray (SNFE). Used alias Carlos Menendez. A coastal guide with extensive maritime and weapons training.
AMTRUNK-8Used aliases Tomas Rodriguez and Rodrigo Fernandez Lopez. A cable in December 1963 stated that recent information from friends and family of AMTRUNK-7 and -8 indicated that AMTRUNK-8's father was in jail for helping Juan Milian. It added that AMTRUNK-8's father and Milian knew A-8 was infiltrated into Cuba in September 1963. [status: Unknown]
AMTRUNK-9AMTRUNK-9 was Modesto Orlando Orozco Basulto, aka Bebo. AMTRUNK-9 was described in a dispatch in September, 1963, as a former Commandante in the Rebel Army.
AMTURVYAn operation "designed for the purpose of conducting sabotage operations against Cuba. It consisted of a net of 13 AMTURVY assets whose primary function, apart from sabotage, was the preparation of target studies and analysis of sabotage operations."
AMTURVY-1Arturo Maria Jesus Varona Alonso, brother of AMCONCERT-1 (Francisco Wilfredo Varona Alonso). AMTURVY-1 was described as "a minor Cuban Government official and member of the militia who travels frequently in western Cuba." Also known as Cuquito.
AMTURVY-13Mario Salabarria Aguiar. A document in 1977 stated that Mario Salabarria Aguiar was AMTURVY-13 and his 201 number was 201-738504.
AMTURVY-2Unknown identity. AMTURVY-2 was described in a cable on November 22, 1963, as "a skilled Cuban communications technician whose government employment gives him normal access to information about Cuban communication networks." [status: Unknown]
AMTURVY-4Julio Salabarria Aquiar. His pseudonym or alias was Enrique Diaz Fernandez.
AMTYKEAMTYKE was a team of anti-Castro Cubans operating from Miami in 1963. The specific type of team that AMTYKE was appears to be unknown.
AMTYKE-10Manuel Dobal Mendez. A cable on November 28, 1963, mentioned that Manuel Dobal Mendez's 201 number was 201-337090. In addition, a cable on December 6, 1963, stated that AMTYKE-10's 201 number was 201-337090, matching Dobal's.
AMTYKE-7Manuel A. Rivero Coloma. A memo on November 16, 1961, stated that Rivero's 201 number was 201-291734. A dispatch in April of 1966 mentioned that AMTYKE-7's 201 number was 201-291734, matching Rivero's.
AMULARMost likely candidate is Alberto Diaz-Masvidal Garcia, an attorney with the Inter-American Development Bank in Washington DC between 1960-62. The second most likely candidate is David Morales, who at least twice delivered messages between Cuba to William Pawley (QDDALE) and the CIA station in Miami in 1960. [status: Speculative]
AMULLA-1Owner of Havana TV station. Probably Goar Mestre, owner of CMQ TV. [status: Probable]
AMUPAS-1Viola June Cobb, who informed for CIA under crypt AMUPAS-1 while working for Castro, and played a role in the Elena Garro de Paz story, with Mexican crypt LICOOKY-1.
AMUSEUnknown identity. A CIA document in July 1961 contained a handwritten note which mentioned Marcelino Garcia (Evelio Duque Miyar) and AMUSE. [status: Unknown]
AMUTTERAMUTTER was a CIA project in Cuba in late 1958 and early 1959. CIA officers, Harold Noemayr (Ross Crozier), and Nelson Raynock (Henry Hecksher), were mentioned in cables connected with AMUTTER.
AMVALUE-2Luis Amado Blanco. A cable in March, 1965, noted that Luis Amado Blanco had a 201 number of 201-276972. A cable in August of 1971 mentioned that AMVALUE-2's 201 number was 201-276972.
AMVANG-1Miguel Angel Quevedo, Cuban exile and owner and editor of the Bohemia Libre magazine in the 1960's. A cable on March 25, 1964, described AMVANG-1 as apparently acting as an "unofficial Manuel Ray representative" in Caracas. [status: Probable]
AMVANG-2Francisco Saralegui. A cable in March of 1961 stated that AMVANG-2 was a Cuban journalist. Saralegui worked closely with Miguel Angel Quevedo on the Bohemia Libre magazine in the 1960's. Also known as Bebo. [status: Speculative]
AMWAILAgrapucion Montecristi. Changed to AMJAG after breach of security in December 1960.
AMWAIL-1Justo Carrillo Hernandez, leader of Agrupacion Montecristi and a founding member of the Frente Civico Revolucionario (FRD), forerunner of the CRC.
AMWAIL-2Probably Amalio Fiallo, a key organizer of the FRD in 1960. A cable in October of 1960 stated that Miro Cardona (AMBUD-1), Pepin Bosch (AMRUM-1), Benito Quevedo (publisher of Bohemia Libre), AMCHIRP-1 (Ramon Barquin Lopez) and AMWAIL-2 were the most prominent supporters of AMRASP/FRD. [status: Probable]
AMWAIL-3Jose Joaquin Sangenes Perdomo, also known as Joaquin Sanjenis. Used the alias of Sam Jennis. He also had the cryptonym of AMOT-2, and was the leader of the AMOTs. Was with Agrupacion Montecrist during 1960.
AMWAIL-5Manuel F. Goudie, also known as Juan Paula/AMTIKI-1.
AMWAIL-6Unknown identity. A cable in December, 1960, contained a handwritten note which stated that Victor Borden had ordered the arrest of AMWAIL-6 in February 1960. [status: Unknown]
AMWAIL-9Orlando Ray Rivero, brother of Manuel Ray Rivero (AMBANG-1), leader of JURE. AMWAIL-9 became AMJAG-8.
AMWARMA foreign intelligence operation that targeted Cubana Airlines and provided intelligence on travelers, negotiations, flight traffic, scheduled flights, and personnel at Rancho Boyeros Airport in Cuba.
AMWARM-1An on-island asset that investigated whether Castro played any role in the JFK assassination as well as any plots to assassinate Castro. A civilian aviation expert who is affiliated with the Ministry of Transportation and who has been trained for intelligence work. [status: Unknown]
AMWASP-1Gilberto R. Alemany, Cuban trade counsellor in Tokyo, who defected to the U.S. in August, 1965.
AMWAX-1Oscar Fernandez Viega. Interviewed in July 1964 by the FBI over a plot to assassinate Fidel Castro. Denied any knowledge of or participation in any plan to assassinate Castro.
AMWEECzech sources and entities in Cuba. [status: Probable]
AMWEE-1Massimo Muratori del Balso.
AMWEE-2Known as Igor. Entered the US on 11/22/63 with AMFAUNA-14 as part of the "AMHICK ratline".
AMWEE-4AMWEE-4 was Aldo Dericci.
AMWEE-9AMWEE-9 was Ricardo Bordo, a long-time friend of AMWHIP-1 (Carlos Tepedino Gonzalez).
AMWEST-1Unknown identity. In a June 1965 CIA cable AMWEST-1 admitted his involvement with the AMLASH group in Cuba. Furthermore, AMWEST-1 was described in a March 1966 cable as an intimate friend of Rolando Cubela Secades. [status: Unknown]
AMWHEN-1Unknown identity. A cable in November of 1971 mentioned that "target's evasiveness may reflect tightened measures for AMWHEN defection." [status: Unknown]
AMWHIP-1Carlos Tepedino Gonzalez, a Cuban exile living in the U.S. who was a "long-time friend" of Rolando Cubela (AMLASH). AMWHIP-1 arranged the 1961 meeting between a CIA case officer and Cubela, who was recruited to attempt to assassinate Fidel Castro.
AMWHIP-2AMWHIP-2 was Juan Ventura Valner, a Cuban exile who owned a jewelry shop and lived in Geneva. Made infrequent business trips to Rome.
AMWOLF-1AMWOLF-1 was Eduardo Araos Agero. AMWOLF-1's 201 number was 201-840126 (see July, 1972 cable). The Cuban Mugbook, Vol. III, stated that Araos' 201 number was 201-840126.
AMWOO-1Jose Enrique Dausa Alvarez. Member of the Directional Committee of the MRR. [status: Probable]
AMWORD-1Possibly an employee with Pepsi-Cola or Czarnikow-Rionda, the sugar brokers, working with UR. [status: Speculative]
AMWORD-3Mario Seiglie Montoro, interim secretary general of the Unidad Revolucionaria (AMSCROLL) at the time of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
AMWORLDAlso known as Second Naval Guerilla. Designed to support and unite several Cuban exile groups under the leadership of Manuel Artime (AMBIDDY-1). The overall mission of AMWORLD was to foment a popular uprising in Cuba that would cause Castro's downfall.
AMWORLD-2Sixto R. Mesa Aloma. Friend of Orlando Piedra, a leading Batistiano. Ally of Manuel Artime, a public accountant and the MRR Treasurer as of early 1964. A memo in 1973 which mentioned him included his 201 number in brackets (201-727405), along with "AMWORLD-2."
AMWORM-1Miguel Angel Leon, aka Miguel de Leon Rojas, aka "Cuco", former Cuban senator and aide to Manuel Artime. Used the alias of Domingo Beltard when he helped Tony Sforza and other CIA officers escape from Cuba in the wake of the Bay of Pigs.
AMWORRY-1Raul Roa, Jr., the Cuban Ambassador to Brazil, during the fall of 1963.
AMWREN-1Unknown identity. A memo in September 1961 from the Chief, Western Hemisphere Division, J.C. King, stated that AMWREN-1 was the "principal agent" of what remained of the CIA's intelligence net in Cuba. [status: Unknown]
AMWRIT-1Friend of photographer Andrew St. George. [status: Unknown]
AMYEAST-19Hans Tanner. AMYEAST-19 was a Swiss national, who in April 1961 was being used by the MDC as a courier to Cuba. [status: Probable]
AMYELL-1Ira I. Wolfer, an American businessman and anti-Castro activist, with links to Manuel Ray and Paul Bethel. A cable in November, 1960, on the plan to sabotage the main power plant in Havana, seemed to indicate that AMYELL-1 was an "American businessman with opposition contacts." [status: Speculative]
AMYUMMRR - Revolutionary Recovery Movement.
AMYUM-1Lino Bernabe Fernandez Martinez, psychiatrist from Sagua la Grande and MRR leader outside of Cuba. Also known as Ojeda.
AMYUM-14AMYUM-14 was the (or a) brother of Marcos Rodriguez Menendez.
AMYUM-17Unknown identity. Described as a (Government of Cuba) "GOC controlled agent" in a cable in December of 1963. [status: Unknown]
AMYUM-19Cesar Baro Esteva. Until he had a falling out with Manuel Artime/AMBIDDY-1, Baro was the number three man on the AMWORLD project. He had previously been head of the MRR.
AMYUM-29Unknown identity. AMYUM-29 was described along with AMHINT-27 (Manuel Baro Esteva) and AMSALON-1 as one of "several key AMWORLDERs." [status: Unknown]

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