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CIA Cryptonyms

CIA documents are peppered with "cryptonyms" - AMLASH, JMWAVE, ODENVY, PBPRIME, AMCLATTER-1, etc. In many cases, the persons, organizations, or projects to which these codenames refer is public information. In others, it can be inferred from context. This page provides a handy look-up chart for decoding crypts seen in CIA documents. Source references are provided to corroborate the provided definitions. Bookmark this page for use as you read CIA documents.

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For more information on a given crypt, just type it into the MFF's search engine. Note that these crypts appear with variations - the dash before a number is sometimes a slash (AMBIDDY-1 = AMBIDDY/1), and also a slash sometimes after the first two letters (AMLASH = AM/LASH). Also, sometimes a crypt may appear with or without a following -1 (AMQUACK = AMQUACK-1) - though be careful, sometimes there is an overall project name, with individual agents assigned the project name plus -1, -2, etc.

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Recent Updates

Recently updated cryptonyms:

AMYUM (2018-02-18)
AMYUM-1 (2018-02-18)
AMPAL-1 (2018-02-18)
AMCLATTER-1 (2018-02-17)
AMRUNG-1 (2018-02-17)
AMEER (2018-02-17)
AMSMILE-1 (2018-02-17)
CIRASH-6 (2018-02-17)
GPPHOTO (2018-02-15)
AMSIGH-2 (2018-02-15)
QKACTIVE (2018-02-15)
AMHINT (2018-02-15)
AMHINT-5 (2018-02-15)
LITENSOR (2018-02-11)
LCIMPROVE (2018-02-11)
TOPAZ (2018-02-11)
AMBUD (2018-02-11)
AMSPELL (2018-02-11)
MHORDER (2018-02-11)
LICHANT-1 (2018-02-09)

Contributors to recent updates include:
Bill Simpich • Arnoldo Fernandez • Matthew Schuefele • Robert Cox • Carmine Savastano • Greg A. Otterman • Peter • Dr. Juan B. Giusti • Jeff Morley • Jerry Randall



AESoviet Union sources, in particular defectors and agents.
AEBARMANSoviet officer Yuri Ivonovich Nosenko, who defected in Feb 1964 with information about Oswald.
AEBURBLEStateside Soviet double-agent controlled by the FBI, and code-named TUMBLEWEED by the FBI. Actual name Guenter Schulz.
AEDINOSAURSoviet Russia Division project. Designed to get censored books inside the Soviet Union.
AEDIPPER-20Piotr Deriabin - aka Peter Deryabin - a Soviet defector during 1954. [status: Probable]
AEDONORSoviet officer Yuri Ivonovich Nosenko, who defected in Feb 1964 with information about Oswald.
AEFOXTROTSoviet officer Yuri Ivonovich Nosenko, who defected in Feb 1964 with information about Oswald.
AEGENERATEA target in Mexico City that was wiretapped by LIFEAT'S listening post, referred to as the AEGENERATE LP. This was an important CI/CE operation that involved the NSA. During late October 1963, Staff D concluded that the subject was not currently communicating from "his shop". [status: Probable]
AEGUSTOYuriy Loginov, a KGB officer who became an in-place double agent for the CIA. [status: Probable]
AEJAMMERTranslations and exploitations of Soviet mail intercept programs.
AELADLEAnatoliy Golitsyn, a Soviet defector prized by CIA CounterIntelligence head James Angleton.
AEMIQUELET-2A suspect Soviet support agent in Mexico City in 1963. "Miquilet" means musket. [status: Probable]
AEOCEANThe legal travelers program; i.e., the intelligence use of legal travelers to the Soviet Union.
AEOCEAN-3Philip R. Neilson was the agent used by CIA Officer Jacques Richardson aka Thomas B. Casasin for the CIA's Legal Travelers Program inside the Soviet Union. This agent similar to Lee Harvey Oswald was able to marry a Russian woman named Tamara Kungarova and later immigrate to France with her.


AMOperations, organizations, and individuals relating to Cuba.
AMAPACHE-2Iglesais Pons, JMWAVE FI asset, arrived Key West 6/16/61 on boat PANMAJA.
AMAPOLAA Cuban agent in Miami, run by the Cuban Intelligence Service (CUIS).
AMAUTO-1Orestes Guillermo Ruiz-Perez was a Cuban official and a Cuban intelligence officer. He was also the cousin-in-law of Cuban exile leader Antonio Veciana Blanch. [status: Probable]
AMBANGInitially, MRP; in 1962 the group outside of Cuba became JURE.
AMBANG-1Manuel Ray Rivero, leader of the Revolutionary Movement of the People (MRP) and later Junta Revolucionaria Cubana (JURE).
AMBANG-2Ignacio Mendoza y de la Torre.
AMBANG-3Jose Antonio Duarte Oropesa
AMBANG-4Rogelio Winceslao Cisneros y Diaz, one of the leaders of MRP inside Cuba; shortly after his arrival in the US, the MRP group split off and became JURE.
AMBANG-5Oswaldo Rodriguez Moura.
AMBANTYParamilitary operation of internal resistance in Cuba, originally called AMCOBRA, rolled up by Castro in 1964.
AMBANTY-1Colonel Abad was his pseudonym; his actual identity was probably Esteban Marquez Novo.
AMBARBPropaganda project to place DRE members in universities throughout Latin America.
AMBARB-70Martin Morua, national coordinator of DRE 1962-63. Joined propaganda unit within Task Force W in April 1962. Dring 1961 and 1962 he was trying to purchase detonators in Chicago with Jorge Salazar who hosted Alpha 66 meetings at 3126 Harlandale, Dallas.
AMBARK-1Hernandez (first name unknown). [status: Unknown]
AMBASS-1Anis Felaifel, the chief of intelligence for the MRR.
AMBIDDY-1Manuel Artime Buesa, a prominent Cuban exile who was in the Bay of Pigs invasion, in 1963 moved to Nicaragua as leader of operation AMWORLD.
AMBLAB-1AMBLAB-1 is "Alligator." Alligator is another messenger (besides AMULAR) used by Silvio Cardenas as a channel to William Pawley. Cardenas was the contact person for Rubio Padilla to communicate with Pawley. Rubio, Cardenas, and Pepin Rivero were active in the anti-Castro Accion Democratica Christiana (ADC) group in Cuba.
AMBLEAK-1Estaban Joaquin Blanco Sanchez, an official of Rescate. Also known as Fernando Fernandez Cavada y Paris, an official of UR.
AMBLOODLuis Torroella y Martin Rivero, former Cuban Treasury minister who was executed in 1962 for his role in planning to kill Fidel Castro.
AMBLYGONRolando Masferrer Rojas. Was a casual informant - not an employee - from 1948-1950. [status: Probable]
AMBOARMitchell Livingston Werbell, III [status: Probable]
AMBRONC-1Eduardo Martin y Elena
AMBRONC-5Juan Manuel Guillot Castelloro aka Renato M. Lopez Zamoka
AMBRUSHIntel Section of the FRD (Cuban Democratic Revolutionary Front). Later described as the CRC's security and counter-intelligence team.
AMBUDCuban Revolutionary Council (CRC), Cuban exile organization formed on 22 Mar 1961 under U.S. guidance to unify various exile groups.
AMBUD-1Jose Miro Cardona, first Prime Minister of Cuba under Castro, who left Cuba and headed the Cuban Revolutionary Council (CRC) exile group.
AMCALLCatholic Action group. [status: Probable]
AMCALL-1Reinol Gonzalez Gonzalez, head of the Catholic-based MRP in Cuba until arrested at the Cesar Odio farm in October 1961. Also referred to as "Reynoldo". His war name was "Antonio".
AMCALL-2Known as "Pepe Alegria", and possibly the man known to Antonio Veciana as "Melton". HIs actual identity may have been CIA officer James O'Mailia. O'Mailia was also known as "Pepe". [status: Speculative]
AMCANOEProject of U.S. contacts for a resistance group in Cuba, incl. support of Unidad de Liberacion Nacional (ULN). Paulino Sierra worked with this group in an effort to unify exiles.
AMCANOE-1Eduardo Garcia Molina.
AMCANOE-3Antonio Jose Ramirez Mendez aka Tony Ramallo
AMCANOE-7Benjamin Acosta Valdes.
AMCANOE-9Juan Amestoy Dominguez.
AMCAPE-1Tad Szulc, New York Times journalist involved in AMTRUNK project, suspected by CIA of being hostile foreign agent.
AMCARBON-1Al Burt, Miami Herald journalist used as source and "operational support" for CIA's JMWAVE station.
AMCARBON-2A Miami Herald journalist who introduced Shackley to Al Burt/AMCARBON-1 in late 1962 to ensure that CIA always had access to a Herald reporter. One possibility is Dom Bonafede, who was the chief Latin American correspondent until mid-1963. [status: Speculative]
AMCARBON-3Donald Dean Bohning, Latin American editor of Miami Herald and CIA source.
AMCHEERThe AMCHEERS were a group of approximately 100 older, non-political Cubans, who received training from Dave Morales at JMWAVE as reserve intelligence personnel—80 had been trained by April 1961.
AMCHEER-1Julio G. Garcia aka Al Smith
AMCIGARFrente Revolucionario Democratico (FRD) Executive Committee; changed name in November 1960 to AMPORT.
AMCLATTER-1Bernard Leon Barker, Cuban exile and a contract agent for CIA. Barker worked with E. Howard Hunt, Frank Sturgis, and Rolando Martinez - all four men were part of the team of Watergate burglars.
AMCLATTER-4Pedro Fernandez
AMCLATTER-5Alberto de Jesus Alberty Garcia.
AMCLATTER-6Associate of Bernard Barker (AMCLATTER-1); identity unknown. [status: Probable]
AMCLEVE-15Luis Posada Carriles, aka Luis Clemente Faustino Posada, Luis Clemente Posada, Luis Clemente Faustino Posada Carriles, El Bambi.
AMCOAX-1Jose Pujals Mederos. His patronymic is also seen as Pujol and Pujols. Aliases included Chacho and Ernesto. [status: Probable]
AMCOBRAParamilitary operation of internal resistance in Cuba, renamed AMBANTY, rolled up by Castro in 1964. One of the two teams infiltrated into Cuba during the Cuban missile crisis.
AMCOGA “complex” operational net inside Cuba.
AMCOG-1Ramón Grau Alsina, a.k.a. Mongo. Brother of AMCOG-2. Nephew and later adopted son of AMCOG-3.
AMCOG-2Mrs. (Maria) Leopoldina Grau Alsina de Agüero, aka “Polita.”
AMCOG-3Ramon Grau San Martin, uncle of AMCOG-2 and AMCOG-1 (later foster father of AMCOG-1). Former (1944-48) Cuban President.
AMCOG-5Alleged sighting of Oswald in Cuba by a woman who was a source for AMCOG-5.
AMCONCERT-1Francisco Wilfredo Varona Alonso, AKA "Pancho," AKA "Paco." No relation to FRD chief Tony Varona.
AMCOODelia Failde, the “Dragon Lady”, operator of commercial boats including the Veramar used in CIA exfiltrations.
AMCOOP-1Miguel Xiques Macias. Allied with AMCALL-1 during 1961.
AMCOREA political action/propaganda operation using radio commentators to promote resistance, harassment, and sabotage against the Castro government.
AMCORE-1Abel Mestre, former owner of television and radio station "Circuito CMQ" in Cuba.
AMCORE-2Luis Ernesto Conte Aguero, former radio and TV commentator in Cuba who subsequently "worked on propaganda for the FRD" under AMCORE-1.
AMCOUP-1Ralph Brent aka Rolf Brent, president of WRUL and in charge of programming. [status: Probable]
AMCOVEAn "operation centered around an FI (Foreign Intelligence) net in Cuba to report intelligence information via Secret Writing."
AMCOVE-1Alejandra Sanchez.
AMCRAG-1Francisco Bilbao Alvarez. JMWAVE chief Ted Shackley claimed he was not with CIA, but by 1965 he was described in a memo from the JMWAVE chief as "a member of the AMOT Group". Worked with ONI intelligence officer Hal Feeney in the early sixties.
AMCROAK-1Bernardo Milanes Lopez, Castro’s mother’s doctor, recruited by Tony Sforza in Madrid in 1963. Part of Operation Raphael, a plot to assassinate Fidel, Raul, and Che.
AMCROW-1Oscar de la Vega Torres
AMDENIM-1Alberto Fernandez Hechevarria, aka Echevarria, Cuban exile whose boat Tejana was used in anti-Castro activities. Leader of the paramilitary wing of the Unidad Revolucionario (UR). A source on CIA unsanctioned exile missions such as those conducted by Alpha 66.
AMDENIM-11Eduardo Perez Gonzalez, aka Eddie Bayo
AMDENIM-14Antonio ("Tony") Cuesta Vallee, aka Lobanillo, military operations officer for Alpha-66 and other militant anti-Castro organizations.
AMDENIM-4Larry Laborde, captain of the Tejana III for many years. The vessel was used for resupply and infiltration operations until Laborde was laid off in 1962.
AMDESK-1Ricardo Anibal Morales Navarrete, aka Monkey Morales.
AMDIP-1Tony Varona, full name Manuel Antonio de Varona. He was president of the CRC (Cuban Revolutionary Council).
AMDIP-2Jesus Exposito Lorenzo [status: Unknown]
AMDIP-3Ramon Augusto Ruisanchez
AMDITTO-23Orlando Bosch Avila, a famous Cuban exile who led the MIRR. The MIRR engaged in a number of raids directed at the sugar industry in Cuba during 1963 in an effort to disrupt the economy. Bosch was linked to a number of bombing attacks directed at Cuba, particularly during the 1960s and 1970s.
AMDOFF-1Juan Orta, Director of the Office of the Prime Minister from 1959-1961. Described as Fidel Castro's private secretary. A probable double agent of the US government. [status: Probable]
AMDOTAn Army team that conducts training at Eglin Air Force Base. CIA officer Norman Kiggins (possibly Bob Wall) was one of the trainers. [status: Probable]
AMECRU-1Guillermo Alonso Pujol, who was Vice-President of Cuba from 1948 to 1952 in the government of Carlos Prio. His son was among the exiles captured at the Bay of Pigs. Served as negotiator to rescue anti-Castro exiles from prison - CIA later identified him as a Cuban intelligence service agent
AMEERThe AAA, or "Triple A", a wing of the Autentico party. Autentico led Cuba between 1944-1952, the first four years by Ramon Grau Martin and the latter four years by Carlos Prio.
AMEER-1Aureliano Sanchez Arango, head of the AAA, a wing of the Autentico party in Cuba. Sanchez was associated with Gerry Hemming and initially endorsed the anti-Castro activities of Hemming's Interpen group.
AMEMBER-1Julio Lobo, sugar magnate in Cuba and later an exile and donor to the anti-Castro cause. Known in Cuba as "Mr. Sugar".
AMFASTThe apparent core of Operation 40. A hundred selected Cubans trained to serve as counterintelligence (CI) officers and future government leaders. In a revolt such as the Bay of Pigs, their role was to penetrate inland as fast as possible and to identify and seize documents of the Castro government - and then serve as the intelligence arm of a temporary civilian government of Cuba.
AMFAUNANetwork of in-Cuba agents, nearly all women, providing military, political, and economic reporting, including reports on attempts to kill Castro.
AMFAUNA-1David Cabeza Coupau
AMFOX-1Juan Falcon Tamar, aka Juan Esteban. One of his aliases was "Montes", or Monty. [status: Probable]
AMGABE-1Julio Gaspar Hubert Rico. Among a small group of agents supposedly asked to determine if pro-Castro Cubans or anti-Castro Cubans were involved in the killing of JFK.
AMGLEN-1Jesus A. Valdes Cardenas.
AMHALFAction involving Uruguay in Cuba [status: Probable]
AMHALF-2German Roosen, Second Secretary at the Uruguayan embassy in Havana. Willing to assist in helping people defect for a fee. [status: Speculative]
AMHAM-1Juan Felaifel Canahan testified against Rolando Cubela and others at the 1966 criminal trial in Cuba.
AMHAWKManuel Antonio (Tony) de Varona, a leader in the Cuban Revolutionary Council and other anti-Castro exile groups.
AMHAWK-2Jesus Exposito Lorenzo
AMHAZEA post-Bay of Pigs CIA operational group consisting of exiles initially recruited for the 2506 Brigade. This brigade was the anti-Castro Cuban exiles and allies that participated in the Bay of Pigs.
AMHIMProject for the "distribution of news and information bulletins and radio newscast tapes to addresses throughout Latin America" via AIP (Agencia de Informaciones Periodisticas).
AMHIM-2Augustin Alles Soberon, worked under AMHIM project and also for Juana Castro's radio program.
AMHINTA branch of the DRE that conducted paramilitary and infiltration operations in Cuba. Their case officer was JMWAVE chief of operations David Morales. [status: Probable]
AMHINT-1Alberto Muller Quintana, also known as AMING-3.
AMHINT-2Juan Manuel Salvat Roque.
AMHINT-24Victor Espinosa Hernandez aka Papucho.
AMHINT-26John Koch Gene, aka Jose R. Alsina Vazquez
AMHINT-3Miguel A. Garcia Armengol.
AMHINT-4Antonio Garcia Crew.
AMHINT-5Isidro 'Chilo' Borja, early member of the DRE. Educated as an engineer in Canada, he controlled the group's boats and headed the group's military section in 1963.
AMHINT-53Luis Fernandez-Rocha, Secretary General of the Revolutionary Student Directorate (DRE).
AMHINT-56Juan Francisco Blanco Fernandez, participated in DRE raids on Cuba. Head of the DRE's military section.
AMHOBONewsletter in Mexico that received funds from CIA. [status: Probable]
AMICEFORDC, Frente Obrero Revolucionario Democratico Cubano. The English translation is Labor Revolutionary Democratic Front of Cuba.
AMICE-1Pascasio Linera Lopez, leader of FORDC. Also referred to as Pascasio Lineras. [status: Probable]
AMICE-14Miguel A. Diaz Isalgue, a "principal" in the AMTRUNK operation.
AMICE-27Dr. Nestor Moreno, a "principal" in the AMTRUNK operation.
AMICE-31Reinaldo Pico Ramon, captured at the Bay of Pigs.
AMIGGY-1Espino Lopez Rieto, director of CRC's radio program on WRUL.
AMING-3Alberto Muller Quintana [status: Unknown]
AMING-4Juan Manuel Salvat Roque. Salvat was later AMHINT-2.
AMIRE-1Emilio Americo Rodriguez
AMIRONThe Frente Revolucionario Democratico (FRD), aka Cuban Democratic Revolutionary Front. The FRD Executive Committee was known as AMCIGAR.
AMJAGJusto Carrillo Hernandez
AMJAG-1Justo A. Carrillo Hernandez. Changed from AMWAIL-1 after breach of security in December 1960.
AMJAVA-4Rafael Quintero, aka Rafael Aureli Quintero Ibarbia, aka Jose M. Hernandez Valdes
AMJUTE-1Arnesto Napoleon Rodriguez y Gonzalez
AMKHAN-2Carlos Martin Ahrens Temple, Western Union employee in Cuba recruited by CIA agent Bernard Barker (AMCLATTER-1).
AMKIRK-1Maria Witoski, the estranged wife of Castro's personal physician Rene Vallejo.
AMLACE-1Luis Bastian Pinto, Brazil's ambassador to Cuba.
AMLAME-1Arturo Sueiras, a Cuban exile with contacts in the exile community in both Miami and New York.
AMLASHRolando Cubela Secades, a Cuban doctor and official who was recruited in 1963 for an assassination attempt on Castro. Cubela stated that Castro had to be eliminated before any coup could succeed and had initially requested a high powered rifle from the CIA. The CIA balked at that and Cubela was being given a CIA poison pen on Nov 22 when news of JFK's death broke. Suspicion remains that Cubela may have been acting as a dangle to the CIA by Castro; that is fueled by his lenient treatment after being exposed and convicted of treason.
AMLASH-2Jorge Carlos Robreno Marieguez aka "El Mago" (The Wizard)
AMLASH-3Alberto Blanco Ramirez aka "El Loco" (The Crazy One)
AMLAW-1Armando Hart, Cuban Minister of Education under Castro. [status: Probable]
AMLAW-3Carlos Lechuga Hevia, the diplomat at the Cuban Embassy in Mexico who became Cuba's Ambassador to the United Nations. Had an affair with Cuban embassy secretary Silvia Duran; this affair was used by the CIA by leaning on his wife in an effort to convince Lechuga and his family to defect.
AMLEGAn FI (foreign intelligence) operation using Cuban merchant seamen.
AMLEO"An FI propaganda operation involving the exploitation of Capt. Jose Ricardo Rabel Nunez (AMLEO-3), a high-level defector who escaped from Cuba in an INRA plane on 6 December 1962."
AMLEO-2Sister of AMLEO-3. Her name may be Dolores Rabel y Nunez. [status: Probable]
AMLEO-3Capt. Jose Ricardo Rabel Nunez, "a high-level defector who escaped from Cuba in an INRA plane on 6 December 1962."
AMLEPTONProgram run jointly by Ted Shackley's Miami station known as JMWAVE and James Angleton's CI Branch. Aimed at spotting refugees in Miami area who could serve as intermediaries to reach and ultimately recruit persons in Cuba for counterintelligence purposes.
AMLIGHT-1Huber Matos Benitez, important Cuban military leader in Camaguey province until his purge in 1959 for challenging Fidel Castro. Imprisoned until the 1970s.
AMLILAC"Commando Groups" (Comandos Mambises and others) involved in infiltrations into Cuba.
AMLISP"A FI (foreign intelligence) project targeted against political and economic targets."
AMLOON-1Ricardo Rafael Sardinas Sanchez, aka Rafael Sardina Sanchez, active with the Cuban Association of Cane Growers and the FRD.
AMLOUT-1Raul Castro, brother of Fidel.
AMLUNCH-1Carlos A. Valdes-Fauli, an agent in Miami that reported Jack Ruby's alleged visits to Cuba during the 1962-63 period.
AMLUNT-1Alwin Odio Tamayo.
AMLUNT-2Duney Perez Alamo, aka Dunney Perez Alamo.
AMMUG-1Cuban intelligence officer named Vladimir Lahera Rodriguez, who defected to U.S. via Canada in April 1964, and was interrogated about Oswald in addition to other matters.
AMNIP-1Miguel Roche Monroy - Cuban DGI defector.
AMNORM-1Higino Diaz, aka Nino Diaz.
AMOTTeam of some 40 Cubans trained by David Morales to be a new Cuban intelligence service once Castro had been ousted.
AMOT-119Max Lesnick Menendez, aka Max Lesnik. Lesnick ran the radio show "Cuba Despierta" aka "Cuba Awakens", which originated in Miami and transmitted from the Dominican Republic 1962-1963. Editor of the small Miami newspaper "Replica", beginning in 1963 and continuing for many years afterwards.
AMOT-2Jose Joaquin Sanjenis Perdomo, also known as Joaquin Sanjenis, titular head of the AMOT organization circa 1961 prior to the Bay of Pigs landings and into 1962. His pseudonym was Carlos Blanco.
AMOT-3Vincente Rafael Zorrilla Zorrilla
AMOT-31Felix Gutierrez Fernandez, deputy to AMOT leader Joaquin Sanjenis. [status: Probable]
AMOT-6Marcos Diaz Lanz. Source used by David Morales in 1961. Among the AMOTS, knnown as C-5. Also known as QDCHAR. [status: Probable]
AMOT-87Mercedes Maria de los Angeles Meana Contina
AMOT-99Julio Fernandez Gonzalez
AMOURETTE-7Unsure of this person's identity. Traveled during April 1957 with Cuban ambassador Emilio Nunez Portunado. [status: Probable]
AMOURETTE-9Padre Enrique Osler, aka Enrique Osle, Jesuit priest. Spiritual advisor to the youth workers JOC (Juventad Obrera Catolica) and the labor group UTC (Union Trabajadorsa Cristianos). Father Osler worked with Reynoldo Gonzalez/AMCALL-1 both before and after his capture at the farm of Amador Odio in October 1961. [status: Probable]
AMOURETTE-ALa Asociacion Cubana Pro-Democracia, based in Havana, spearheaded a wide variety of anti-Communist propaganda campaigns. [status: Probable]
AMOURETTE-BThe Catholic Youth Workers, known as the JOC or the Joventud Obrera Catolica. This group ran a radio program operation that was designed to create an active body of anti-Communists within the Cuban labor movement.
AMOURETTE-XA project of developmental propaganda activities in the television field under the direction of the Havana Station. Supported by David Phillips under alias of Michael Choaden.
AMPAL-1Alec Resnick, also known as Abe Resnick. Havana station source. Old friend of Lino Hernandez. Used the alias Joe Anderson.
AMPALMDescribed as the MDC/MRR complex circa 1960. An early effort, aided by CIA, to develop an organized anti-Castro united political front The MDC, also known as the Christian Democrats, probably got this crypt as being part of the "palm" of the peace of Jesus Christ.
AMPALM-1Oscar Echeverria y Salvat, Ministry of Commerce
AMPALM-2Laureano Batista Falla, military chief for the MDC. JMWAVE gave US Army permission to use Batista in 1962. Batista then became head of training site in Lacombe, Louisiana, and told Garrison the trainees were going to Manuel Artime's base in Nicaragua.
AMPALM-26Salvador Diaz Verson, a newsman who became Cuban National Police chief in 1934, and then military intelligence chief during Carlos Prio's presidency from 1948 to 1952. After JFK was killed, he admitted that he was the source of a phony rumor that Oswald and Silvia Duran met with the Cuban ambassador to Mexico.
AMPALM-3Roberto Ortiz Batista Falla, aka "Roberto Ortiz Crabb". [status: Unknown]
AMPALM-4Angel Fernandez Varela, paramilitary leader of the MDC/MRR complex.
AMPALM-5Jose Ignacio Agusto Rasco Bermudez, aka Jose Rasco, head of the Christian Democratic Movement (MDC). In 1961, Chicago cop/Mafia man Richard Cain served as his bodyguard.
AMPALP-1One of three net chiefs in Cuba involved in the "staybehind plan" - the ones organizing the resistance inside Cuba after U.S. interests were forced to leave. [status: Unknown]
AMPANIC-2Antonio Santiago Ruiz
AMPANIC-7Emilio Adolfo Rivero Caro
AMPARCH-1Warren E. Frank, AKA Edward D. Knapman
AMPASSAlberto Roque Muller
AMPATRINMichael "Jack" Malone, Vice President of Czarnikow-Rionda, a major sugar company with its headquarters in New York City. Malone was an important CIA and FBI informant.
AMPATROLAMPATROL was an operation created in 1959-1960 with Edward Tichborn (aka Henry Preston Lopez) hired by the CIA as a "political organizer" to bring together the most promising anti-Castro groups. [status: Probable]
AMPATROL-1Jose Antonio Gomez Perez.
AMPHODARCHA net of agents providing coverage of political activities at the University of Havana led by case officer Ross Crozier who used the pseudonym Arthur G. Vaivada.
AMPOON-1Manuel Vega Perez, pseudonym "Marcos". High ranking Cuban intelligence official in Mexico City in late 1963.
AMPORTFRD Executive Committee; it was known as AMCIGAR until November 1960.
AMPUG-1Alfredo Izaguirre Revoi aka Alfredo Izaguirre de la Riva, Alfredo Izaguirre Rivas. Also used the alias "Luis". 201-273550.
AMQUACKChe Guevera, guerrilla leader and minister in Castro's Cuba, killed in Bolivia in 1968. Aka AMQUACK-1.
AMRANGEA foreign intelligence project targeting Fidel Castro and other high-level officials in the Ministry of Industry.
AMRASPFRD (Democratic Revolutionary Front). This crypt was changed in December 1960 for security reasons.
AMRAZZ-1Joaquin Godoy y Solis. Informant, a leader within the MRP, associate of Antonio Veciana. Used as a penetration inside the MRP/Alpha-66/November 30 alliance.
AMRIFT-1Ramon Sinobas.
AMRIPE-2Involved in the attempt to exfiltrate AMCANOE-3 from Cuba on 11/22/63. Sent pouch to Mexico City on 11/21/63. [status: Unknown]
AMRIPE-3Raul Roa Kouri. In 1963, he was the Cuban ambassador to Brazil, son of Cuban foreign minister Raul Roa Garcia. Also known as Raulito Roa.
AMRODCIA operations against the Cuban intelligence service. One such operation involved planting false papers on Cuban Cultural Attache Teresa Proenza, to make it look like the Vice-Minister of Defense had betrayed the Soviet missile buildup in Cuba to the Americans.
AMRUG-5Victor Paneque Batista, aka Comandante Diego Rene Ricardo. MIRR coordinator answering to AMDITTO-23/Orlando Bosch during early sixties. Sent by his uncle, AMPALM-2/Laureano Batista, to set up the training camp in Lacombe, Louisiana in 1963.
AMRUNG-1Rogelio Gonzalez y Corso, code name "Francisco". Name also referred to as Corzo and Corcho. Head of the internal resistance in Cuba until his capture in March 1961.
AMRYE-1Anthony “Tony” Sforza
AMSAIL-1Carlos Fernandez Trujillo
AMSANTAJoint FBI/CIA program to place willing FPCC members into Cuba to collect intelligence.
AMSCROLLUR, also known as Unidad Revolucionaria. Its organizing membership was described as impatient former members of the MRR, well-educated and with the skills needed to overthrow a government.
AMSERF-1Francisco (Frank) Bartes.
AMSESS-1Oscar Concepcion Mendoza
AMSEVER-2Double agent in Mexico City. Referred to as a "contract agent" and a "marginal agent". [status: Unknown]
AMSHALE-1Antonia Veciana, leader of Cuban exile group ALPHA-66. Veciana told HSCA investigator Gaeton Fonzi that he had worked with a "Maurice Bishop" who Fonzi came to believe was CIA officer David Phillips.
AMSIGH-2Clemente Inclan Werner, prisoner released in 1970 and then used as intermediary between the Cuban government and imprisoned anti-Castro agents.
AMSLAW-1Pedro Julio Martinez Fraga y Fernandez
AMSLOUCH-1Cuban businessman, trained in use of wireless telegraphy communications. Worked with CIA, may have become a double agent for Cuban intelligence. [status: Unknown]
AMSMILE-1Ernesto Betancourt was a supporter and later influential staunch critic of Fidel Castro that worked for the Organization of American States.
AMSOURAn operation based in Pinar del Rio province, utilizing the American rancher Lawrence K. Lunt. Collection of military, political and economic intelligence. [status: Probable]
AMSOUR-1Lawrence Kirby Lunt.
AMSPELLThe Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil, or DRE (Cuban Student Directorate). DRE delegate Carlos Bringuier had the famous altercation with Lee Oswald in New Orleans in the summer of 1963, and DRE members quickly spread information about Oswald after JFK's assassination. Ray Rocca wrote in 1967 that DRE was "initially set up as a "psych war outfit": https://www.archives.gov/files/research/jfk/releases/104-10013-10387.pdf
AMSPICE-1Geraldine Shamma de Carrera aka Geraldine Shamman de Carrera, close colleague of Manuel Artime in 1960.
AMSPILLProject centered around a Cuban intelligence source (AMSPILL-1) who provided political and economic intelligence. The intelligence AMSPILL-1 provided "...dealt with Soviet personnel activity, Cuban military activity, shipping and health-related information."
AMSPRAWL-2A male official used by Mexico City Station to penetrate G-2 operations (Cuban Intelligence apparatus in Mexico) with "good access to Cuban Embassy personnel in Mexico City." [status: Probable]
AMSTALK-1Miguel Angel Diaz Isalgue
AMSTET-1Jose Antonio "Nico" Garcia Lara, commercial attache in the Cuban embassy during 1962-63. A source of great value on the defection and recruitment front regarding Cubans.
AMSTOKE-1Lucas Roig, aka Pedro Lucas Roig Ortega, assistant commercial attache at the Cuban embassy in Mexico City who defected during June 1962. [status: Probable]
AMSTRUTThe operation and net of assets involved in the defection and recruitment of AMSTRUT-2 and, subsequently, her anti-Castro radio broadcasts.
AMSTRUT-2Juana de la Caridad Castro Ruz, sister of Fidel and Raul, who ran a radio program against her brothers' regime.
AMSUPER-1Dimas Domingo Figueredo Fernandez, CRC representative in Mexico City. [status: Probable]
AMSWEEPA foreign intelligence operation concerned with the collection of Cuban military and political information via shortwave and OWVL (one way voice link).
AMSWIRL-1Customs agent Cesar Diosdado.
AMTABBYA major paramilitary operation consisting of numerous sabotage operations against targets inside Cuba.
AMTABBY-27A major paramilitary operation consisting of numerous sabotage operations against on-island targets. At least some of these operations were reviewed and approved by the Special Group (Augmented).
AMTAUP-1Dr. Ernesto Alanis Angulo. [status: Probable]
AMTAUP-10Juan Bautista Perez Luis, chief gardener at the naval base in Cuba. Arrested as part of an CIA espionage net in 1965.
AMTAUP-2Armando Alanis Angulo, personnel chief of JURE and a penetration agent of the CIA. [status: Probable]
AMTEASE-1Heriberto Corona Mendez, the CRC representative in Panama. Provided support to AMBARBS. [status: Unknown]
AMTHIGHA political action/propaganda operation using WRUL - the radio station owned by the Mormon Church - to sponsor anti-Castro broadcasts aimed at Cuba.
AMTHUGFidel Castro, the Cuban leader who took power in 1959 and whose demise the U.S. began unsuccessfully plotting soon thereafter. 201-97456.
AMTIKI-1Believed to be Juan A. Paula Baez. The Official History of the Bay of Pigs Operation states that his true name was Manuel F. Goudie.
AMTOAD-1Julian Arias Prado, 1960 defector from Cuba after a stint as consul at the embassy in Los Angeles. Lee Oswald visited this embassy during Arias' stint while stationed at EL Toro in 1959.
AMTORRIDOne of the two CIA assault teams that Bill Harvey sent into Cuba during the Cuban missile crisis in 1962. [status: Probable]
AMTRIGON-1Argimiro Fonseca Fernandez, aka Argimino Fonseca Fernandez.
AMTRUNKOperation for military overthrow of Castro's government in 1963, promoted within White House circles but distrusted by CIA. Aka Plan Leonardo.
AMTRUNK-1George Volsky aka Jorge Volsky. His name was originally Jerzy Stanislaw Ajbuszyc when he served in the Polish military under the British operational command during World War II. Volsky was his grandmother's name.
AMTRUNK-10Ramon Tomas Guin Diaz.
AMTRUNK-11Carlos Pedraza Aguilar.
AMTRUNK-2Enrique Cayado Rivera, aka Enrique Javier Cavado Rivera
AMTRUNK-3Antonio Garcia Perez.
AMTRUNK-9Modesto Orlando Orozco Basulto.
AMTURVYAn operation "designed for the purpose of conducting sabotage operations against Cuba. It consisted of a net of 13 AMTURVY assets whose primary function, apart from sabotage, was the preparation of target studies and analysis of sabotage operations."
AMTURVY-1Arturo Maria Jesus Varona Alonso.
AMTURVY-13Mario Salabarria Aguiar.
AMTURVY-4Enrique Diaz Fernandez.
AMULARThe most likely candidate is Paul Bethel. Number two might be David Phillips. [status: Speculative]
AMULLA-1Owner of Havana TV station. Probably Goar Mestre, owner of CMQ TV. [status: Probable]
AMUPAS-1Viola June Cobb, who informed for CIA under crypt AMUPAS-1 while working for Castro, and played a role in the Elena Garro de Paz story, with Mexican crypt LICOOKY-1.
AMWAILAgrapucion Montecristi
AMWAIL-1Justo Carrillo Hernandez, leader of Agrupacion Montecristi and a founding member of the Frente Civico Revolucionario (FRD), forerunner of the CRC.
AMWAIL-5Manuel F. Goudie, also known as Juan Paula/AMTIKI-1.
AMWARMA foreign intelligence operation that targeted Cubana Airlines and provided intelligence on travelers, negotiations, flight traffic, scheduled flights, and personnel at Rancho Boyeros Airport in Cuba.
AMWEECzech sources and entities in Cuba. [status: Probable]
AMWHIP-1Carlos Tepedino Gonzalez, a Cuban exile living in the U.S. who was a "long-time friend" of Rolando Cubela (AMLASH). AMWHIP-1 arranged the 1961 meeting between a CIA case officer and Cubela, who was recruited to attempt to assassinate Fidel Castro.
AMWOO-1Jose Enrique Dausa Alvarez. Member of the Directional Committee of the MRR. [status: Probable]
AMWORLDPlan for offensive military operations against Cuba from offshore, led by Manuel Artime (AMBIDDY-1). Based at Monkey Point in Nicaragua.
AMWORM-1Miguel Angel Leon, aka Miguel de Leon Rojas, aka "Cuco", former Cuban senator and aide to Manuel Artime. Used the alias of Domingo Beltard when he helped Tony Sforza and other CIA officers escape from Cuba in the wake of the Bay of Pigs
AMWORRY-1Contact of Raul Roa, Jr./AMRIPE-3 during the fall of 1963.
AMYUMMRR - Revolutionary Recovery Movement.
AMYUM-1Lino Bernabe Fernandez Martinez, psychiatrist from Sagua la Grande and MRR leader outside of Cuba. Also known as Ojeda.
AMYUM-19Cesar Baro Esteva. Until he had a falling out with Manuel Artime/AMBIDDY-1, Baro was the number three man on the AMWORLD project. He had previously been head of the MRR.


GPCrypts related to JFK, including JFK's alleged assassin.
GPAZURERichard Goodwin, JFK's chief staffer on Latin American affairs. Tried to take over the CIA's Latin American division after the Bay of Pigs. [status: Probable]
GPBEFITKeith Botsford, a case officer that worked with the Congress for Cultural Freedom. [status: Probable]
GPFLOORLee Harvey Oswald (post-assassination designation). It is usually used as a "slug" to describe the contents of a memo as "Oswald-related".
GPFOCUSRobert F. Kennedy, JFK's brother and Attorney General in the JFK administration.
GPIDEALPresident Kennedy.
GPLOGICLyndon B. Johnson
GPPHOTOGeneral Maxwell Taylor, chair of the Cuba study group after the Bay of Pigs and later the head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. [status: Probable]


HT??? [status: Unknown]
HTLINGUALCIA mail opening and mail cover program, operated from 1952 to 1973. It was a joint operation of the CI Staff and the Deputy Director of Security/Investigations and Operational Support. The mail of Lee Harvey Oswald while in the USSR was among the targets of this program.
HTPLUMEThe nation of Panama.


JM??? [status: Unknown]
JMADDRetalhuleu Air Base, used for air training at the time of the Bay of Pigs. Also known as Rayo Base or as MADD.
JMARCWH/4 Bay of Pigs Project before December 1960 (later JMATE).
JMASHForward operating base - CIA, Miami. Original name for JMWAVE. JMASH used until after Bay of Pigs.
JMATEWH/4 Bay of Pigs Project beginning in December 1960 (formerly JMARC). This crypt continued to be used for Cuban matters well into 1962.
JMBARCIA maritime covert operations group located at Key West, Florida. [status: Probable]
JMBELLA special channel used primarily for JMWAVE and Headquarters communications but also for communications with other JM sites. [status: Probable]
JMBLUGJohn S. Peurifoy, U.S. Ambassador to Guatemala
JMCLEARAir Operations during the Bay of Pigs. [status: Probable]
JMCLIPPERThe National Catholic Welfare Conference. Formerly known until 1952 as the National Catholic War Conference. Now known as the US Conference of Catholic Bishops. [status: Probable]
JMCLOSETProgram working with potential allies who are using embassies as sanctuary. [status: Speculative]
JMDUSKThe security division within JMWAVE. There was a portion of the JMWAVE grounds that was reserved for the buildings of these officers. They had their own separate payroll. They had the ability to "backstop" (provide cover) and provide clearance to classified information. [status: Speculative]
JMFIGThe Opa-locka air station, where Cuban immigrants were screened at the Caribbean Admissions Center prior to entry into the United States.
JMFURYThe airstrike designed to take out Castro's air force at the outset of the Bay of Pigs invasion.
JMGINCuban travel surveillance activities [status: Probable]
JMGOLDA JMWAVE unit within the CIA base in Havana itself. This base was forced to disband when diplomatic relations between the US and Cuba ceased in January 1961. [status: Probable]
JMHARPSome of these dissidents were held as "prisoners" after a revolt within the Guatemalan Army during November 1960. Another memo describes them as CRC expeditionary force "detainees" - anti-Castro exiles at foreign bases that could not join the Bay of Pigs invasion for military disciplinary reasons. These detainees broke into the AMOT and CRC intelligence files in the wake of the Bay of Pigs. [status: Probable]
JMHOPEA radio station within range of Havana, probably Radio Swan, based on one of the Swan Islands near Cuba. [status: Probable]
JMMOVEThis program included a CIA controlled training camp from Feb-May 1961 used for special explosives and underwater training for Cuban exiles involved in the Bay of Pigs landing, located at the Algiers Ammunition Dump area in Belle Chasse, Louisiana.
JMNETRouting indicator for the Latin American Division. It may refer to Miami. [status: Probable]
JMPALMExile political intelligence collections operations run from JMWAVE - targeting Latin American countries ranging from Haiti to Venezuela.
JMRIMMCommunications facility in the Miami area. [status: Probable]
JMSPURInvestigation of traces (or "spoor") of former programs or records that for political reasons (Kennedy assassination, Watergate) became extremely sensitive. [status: Probable]
JMTIDEStrike base for the Bay of Pigs at Puerto Cabezas, Nicaragua.
JMTRAVInfantry training base in Guatemala used for the Bay of Pigs invasion.
JMWAVECIA Station in Miami, training facility for anti-Cuban operations, existing on what is now the site of the Miami Zoo.
JMZIPLatin American Division routing indicator.


KUDivisions of the CIA itself.
KUCAGECIA Psychological and Paramilitary Operations Staff.
KUCLUBCIA Office of Communications.
KUDESKCounter Intelligence (CI) division of CIA.
KUDOVEClandestine services of CIA.
KUGOWNPsychological and Paramilitary Staff. Related to Operation KUGOWN, a propaganda effort designed to inform on the extent communism had infiltrated Guatemala following the 1954 overthrow. KUGOWN was later changed to KUWOLF.
KUHOOKCIA Paramilitary Operations Staff
KUJAZZThe CIA Office of National Estimates.
KUJUMPOffice of Operations (OO)
KULOOKDomestic Collections Division
KUMONKCIA Office of Political Analysis (OPA).
KURIOTCIA Technical Services Division (TSD).
KUROARTraining Branch. [status: Probable]
KUSODACIA Office of Security.
KUTUBEForeign Intelligence (FI) division of CIA.
KUTUBE/DCIA "Staff D" responsible for SIGINT (Signals Intelligence - electronic intercepts), where the ZR/RIFLE "executive action" (assassination) program was housed.
KUWOLFPsychological and Paramilitary Staff. Replaced the earlier name, KUGOWN.


LC??? [status: Unknown]
LCFLUTTERPolygraph ("lie detector") testing, sometimes referred to simply as "FLUTTER".
LCHARVESTLCHARVEST (TPFAST, TPTERRY, VLVIGOR) involved operations against Peoples Republic of China (PRC) scientists and efforts to monitor PRC state technology.
LCIMPROVECounter-espionage involving Soviet intelligence services, worldwide.
LCPANGSThe nation of Costa Rica.
LCPIPITProgram utilizing journalists as informants or sources, based in Paris. The pipit is a songbird that blends in easily with its environment. [status: Probable]


LIOperations, organizations, and individuals related to Mexico City.
LIANCHORA program to create an Agency-controlled "leftist" press service to distribute political articles in Latin American countries.
LIBIGHTMail opening operation in Mexico City, with Soviet and/or Cuban targets.
LICALLAOne of three photo surveillance sites under the LIEMPTY umbrella project. LILYRIC was an apartment which provided a view of the back of the Soviet Embassy compound in Mexico City. The other two photo sites were LIMITED and LILYRIC.
LICHANT-1Unwitting asset Manuel Calvillo, who the HSCA failed to locate in its attempt to corroborate Elena Garro de Paz's story regarding Oswald in Mexico City.
LICHEWLeo C. Redlich, US citizen and professor at the University of Mexico, a contract agent serving as the outside case officer between 1962-1968 for covert action projects LINLUCK and LICOAX among others.
LICOAXStudent group in Mexico City, used by Agency for political action and intelligence. [status: Unknown]
LICOMET-1Carlos Fernandez.
LICOOKY-1Viola June Cobb, who informed for CIA under crypt AMUPAS-1 while working for Castro. As LICOOKY-1 in Mexico, she played a role in both the FPCC campaigns and monitoring Mexican playwright Elena Garro de Paz.
LICOOLMicrophone/transmitters. Used at the Soviet embassy and the Cuban embassy. Last installation was in 1960 with the Soviets, and 1961 with the Cubans.
LIELEGANTRodolfo Echeverria, Mexican lawyer and Presidential adviser in charge of the Mexican DFS (Treasury Dept. intelligence), father of President Luis Echeverria. Both men played a role in the LIENVOY telephone tap operation. [status: Probable]
LIEMBRACEA Mexico City-based surveillance project, under the umbrella LIPSTICK project. LIEMBRACE included a surveillance team, a radio repairman, and a phototruck team.
LIEMBRACE-11Yolanda del Valle Gonzalez, engaged to LIEMBRACE-4.
LIEMPTYUmbrella surveillance project in Mexico City, formerly code-named LIPSTICK. Included a variety of sub-projects under it.
LIEMPTY-1Ramon Joseph Alvarez aka Raymond Gerende, who ran the three photographic basehouses focused on the Soviet compound in Mexico City.
LIEMPTY-14LILYRIC surveillance was run by a meticulous woman known as LIEMPTY-14. LIEMPTY-14’s daily logs and reports were reportedly "detailed and complete”. LILYRIC provided the best vantage point for photos of visitors, as it was aimed at the Soviet embassy front gate. lIEMPTY-14's identity is unknown.
LIEMPTY-19Hester Roos De Alvarez
LIEMPTY-2Juan Nepomuseno Frias Ramirez, using the pseudonym of Oliver Scantling and the cryptonym of LIEMPTY-2 in Mexico City.
LIEMPTY-6LIMITED was the best of the three surveillance sites focused on the Soviet compound, as it was fixed on both the vehicle entrance and the pedestrian entrance. Run by an older man known as LIEMPTY-6 who lived in the basehouse with his family, the LIMITED take yielded no pictures of Oswald. LIEMPTY-6's identity is unknown.
LIEMPTY-9She was the head of the LILYRIC photosurveillance basehouse focusing on the Soviet compound in Mexico City. Her name is unknown. [status: Unknown]
LIENTRAPMobile surveillance photo truck with several support agents used to track Soviet operatives in Mexico City.
LIENVOYCIA telephone tapping program in Mexico City, targeting Cuban and Soviet embassies and run in conjunction with the Mexican DFS. Netted phone calls allegedy of Oswald. See also LIFEAT.
LIENVOY-16Anita Tarasoff. When it was discovered that her husband, transcriber Boris Tarasoff, knew Russian and English but virtually no Spanish, his wife was pressed into service to help him. [status: Speculative]
LIENVOY-2Luis Echeverria Alvarez - described as "a Mexican supervisor field agent", #4 in the command flowchart, and right under intercept center chief and CIA officer Charles Flick [status: Probable]
LIERODECIA photosurveillance and tapping operation targeting the Cuban embassy compound in Mexico City (see refs for confusion on this). It is the LIERODE operation which allegedly failed to obtain photos of Oswald due to a camera breakdown.
LIEVICTThis program supported a national Catholic student group that was anticommunist; it considered allying with the PRI (the Mexican governing party); the president's group met biweekly with a station officer.
LIFEATCIA telephone tapping program on a number of phone lines in Mexico City, collecting information on a variety of targets, including home phone lines of Soviet officers, the Yugoslav Embassy, and more. Project grew to include TELEX systems and microphone placements. See also LIENVOY.
LIFEUD-1Unidentified individual who retired from the LIFEAT program in 1963, played a valuable role in protecting LIFEAT. [status: Unknown]
LIFEUD-2Lineman for the Mexico City telephone company. [status: Unknown]
LIFEUD-22Alberto Cesar Rodriguez Gallego, the main photographer in the LIERODE basehouse covering the Cuban embassy in Mexico City.
LIFIREA joint program with the Mexican security forces. LIFIRE obtained passenger manifests of all commercial flights, passport photographs of travelers to Cuba, and could sometimes even follow a passenger to the hotel with their surveillance truck.
LIGAFFA covert anti-communist propaganda program in Mexico in 1963, using a variety of legal and illegal tactics. [status: Probable]
LIHABITA base used to conduct photographic surveillance targeting the Soviet allied Czechoslovakian Embassy in Mexico City.
LIHUFFAn anti-communist organization in Mexico with emphasis on students, economics, civil pressure and propaganda. Financed by the Mexico City station.
LIHUFF-1Alfonso Rudolph Wichtrich, Executive VP, American Chamber of Commerce in Mexico. The cut-out for LIHUFF-2.
LIHUFF-2Augustin Navarro.
LIJERSEYPhysical surveillance team operating in Mexico City. Renamed LIRICE in 1962.
LIKAYAK-2Ran a postal intercept operation in Mexico City with 22 agents between 1957 to 1969.
LILISPA funding mechanism for covert action projects in Mexico.
LILYRICOne of three photo surveillance sites under the LIEMPTY umbrella project, the only one of the three that photographed license plates of all vehicles entering the compound. LILYRIC was a 3rd story apartment across the street from the Soviet Embassy in Mexico City, south of the LIMITED installation. The other two photo sites were LIMITED and LICALLA.
LIMASK-1Long-time agent in Mexico City. Answered to AMSUPER-1 in the Gyrose Debriefing Unit. Member of AMBUD. [status: Unknown]
LIMERICKSoviet Embassy in Mexico City.
LIMESAExtremely sensitive monitoring operation targeting Soviet Embassy in Mexico City, run by FI/D.
LIMEWGeorge Munro, often used the psuedonym Jeremy Benadum. An ex-FBI agent that was one of Mexico City CIA station chief Win Scott's chief lieutenants. Munro helped run the LITEMPO program. [status: Probable]
LIMITEDOne of three photo surveillance sites under the LIEMPTY umbrella project. LIMITED was a fixed site right across the street from the front gate of the Soviet Embassy. The other two photo sites were LILYRIC and LICALLA.
LIMOTORAn "eyes and ears" project using American students at Mexico City universities to observe the operations of the Soviet intelligence service and to determine which American students were Soviet targets.
LIMUDMail intercept operation in Mexico.
LIMUSTA collection of four housing units used in the LIMESA project as part of a sensitive FI/D operation. One of these units housed the LICALLA photographic surveillance on the Soviet embassy.
LINEB-1Double agent working for the CIA and the FBI as well as the USSR. Based in Mexico City, but would travel within the United States. Identity is unknown. [status: Unknown]
LINILE-1One of the known five double agents working for the Mexico City station in 1963. [status: Unknown]
LINLUCKCarlos Manuel Pellecer [status: Probable]
LINOODLEPress placement and publications program in Mexico City.
LIONIONPhotosurveillance project targeting Cuban Embassy in Mexico City, also referred to as LIERODE. The purported failure of the LIONION installation to capture a picture of Lee Oswald in late September 1963 was a matter of concern and some disbelief in the HSCA's investigation.
LIONION-1Alberto Rodriguez Gallego, part of LIONION photography project targeting Cuban embassy.
LIONION-2The mother of LIONION-1. She assisted him in caretaking the technical surveillance operation against the Cuban embassy in Mexico City.
LIOOZE-1Double agent. [status: Unknown]
LIOSAGEFerguson Dempster, friend of Win Scott, head of British intelligence in Mexico. [status: Unknown]
LIOVAL-1John Emil Blankeneagel, American friend of Soviet consul Pavel Yatskov in Mexico City.
LIPLUGListening post in Mexico City aimed at two Soviets, GRU officer Vadim Aleksandrovich Sheynok and Yuriy Mikhaylov.
LIPSTICKThis Mexico City-based project was an "umbrella type project...consisted of multiline phone taps, three photographic sites, a mobile surveillance team and a mail intercept operation." Under this project were LIMITED, LILYRIC, and LICALLA, LIEMBRACE, LIENTRAP, and possibly other projects. Renamed LIEMPTY.
LIPSTICK-20The initial cryptonym for Raymond Joseph Alvarez Durant aka Raymond H. Gerende, assigned in the 1950s. He later became LIEMPTY-1.
LIRAVINEMid-1960s project "for the purpose of consolidating into one administrative group a number of active Cuban informants," including LIOLEO-1, LISICLE-1, AMSEVER-2, AMPACA-1, and LICARD-1.
LIRICESurveillance project targeting the Communist Party in Mexico City. Some of its agents were arrested and their CIA case officer detained by the Mexican Security Service and subsequently allowed to leave the country. Originally named LIJERSEY.
LIRING-1Ramiro Jesus Abreu Quintana. Debriefed the triple agent AMKNOB-1 in 1966, during the trial of Rolando Cubela. Third Secretary in the Cuban Embassy in Mexico in the mid-60s. [status: Probable]
LIRING-3Carlos Jurado-Delmar, also known as Carlos Jurado J. Delmar and Carlos Delmar Jurado. Claimed tha Silvia Duran told him that she had sexual relations with Lee Harvey Oswald.
LIRING-4Chichay Jurado. Worked as a secretary for LIRING-1 in Cuban Embassy in Mexico City in 66-67 period. Wife of LIRING-3, Carlos Jurado.
LIROMANCE A CIA Mexico City Station audio surveillance operation; the listening device was installed inside the furniture in the Cuban embassy in Mexico City.
LISAMPANLISAMPAN was a multiaudio project covering the Cuban Embassy and the residence of the Cuban ambassador in Mexico. [status: Unknown]
LISICLE-1Marginal agent, medical student. [status: Unknown]
LITABBYA photographic base used by Mexico City Station to obtain intelligence on foreign officials and related individuals.
LITAINTHarassment efforts directed at the Cuban compound in Mexico City in the 1960s.
LITAINT-1Angel Lorenzo Saavedra Correa - known in the US as "Manuel Villafana Martinez" was a Cuban Military and Air Attaché who defected to the US and was interviewed by the FBI in April 1960. He also previously offered intelligence for a short time to US officials.
LITAINT-5Julian Arias Prado, a member of Task Force W's Debriefing Unit in Mexico City in 1962; active with LITAINT since 1960 after resigning as Cuban vice consul in Los Angeles and moving into Mexico. Also known as AMTOAD-1.
LITAINT-7Antonio Montanes, Second secretary at the Cuban embassy in Mexico who made a dramatic defection speech that "received wide play in the Mex. press".
LITAMILCuban operations.
LITAMIL-1Manuel Machado Llosas, a Cuban businessman in Mexico and active in the July 26 movement. [status: Probable]
LITAMIL-13Source for LITAMIL-2, used in late 1963 in the MHVIPER program for economic warfare on Cuba. 201-329618. [status: Unknown]
LITAMIL-2 201-275992. Had diplomatic plates in 1960. Purchased arms and equipment, established a clandestine radio station in Mexico prior to Castro's successful revolt. All these factors point to Carlos Maristany, the ambassador to the Netherlands. [status: Probable]
LITAMIL-3Ricardo Vidal Dominguez. Informant within the Cuban diplomatic corps who tried to convince consul Eusebio Azcue to defect during September 1963. He himself had a history as consul in the Cuban embassy in Mexico City, 1959-1961.
LITAMIL-7Consuelo Esperon Perez, a secretary at the Cuban Embassy, received operational approval as an agent of Task Force W, Mexico City during 1962-1963.
LITAMIL-9Luis Alberu Soeto, Cuban Cultural Attache in Mexico City, working as a double-agent for the CIA. According to one CIA document, LITAMIL-9 made photo identifications for the LIONION surveillance project. John Newman mistakenly identified Alberu as LIRING-3 in ''Oswald and the CIA''.
LITEMPOOperation support and security backstopping for the Mexico City operations, commencing in 1960. Involved a liaison relationship with the Mexican government.
LITEMPO-1Emilio Bolanos, a nephew of Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, Minister of Gobernación and then President of Mexico from 1964-1970.
LITEMPO-12Miguel Nazar Haro, aka Angus J. Laverdure aka Juan Noriega - a Mexico City station agent close to Win Scott between 1960-1971 who became head of the DFS in 1976 before his US conviction in the 1980s for smuggling stolen cars. [status: Probable]
LITEMPO-2Gustavo Diaz Ordaz, President of Mexico from 1964 to 1970. He was president in 1968 during the famous Tlatelcolco massacre. Diaz Ortiz was part of Mexico City station chief Win Scott's LITEMPO program.
LITEMPO-4Fernando Gutierrez Barrios, head of the Mexican secret police (DFS) from 1964 to 1970, and later held other Mexican government posts. Gutierrez Barrios was part of Mexico City station chief Win Scott's LITEMPO program.
LITEMPO-8Luis Echeverria Alvarez, acting secretary of Gobernacion in 1963; Mexican Interior Minister in 1964; President from 1970-76; and the liaison contact with the Mexico City station during chief Win Scott's tenure.
LITENSORAdolfo Lopez Mateos, President of Mexico in 1963.


ODDepartments or agencies of the U.S. government.
ODACIDU.S. State Department.
ODALOEU.S. Secret Service.
ODBEATDefense Intelligence Agency. [status: Probable]
ODBOONU.S. Customs Agency.
ODEARLU.S. Department of Defense.
ODENVYFederal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
ODFOAMU.S. Secret Service.
ODINCHNational Security Agency
ODUNITU.S. Air Force.
ODURGEU.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS)
ODWIFEAgency for International Development
ODYOKEUnited States government. It sometimes specifically means "The White House". Note to see if it is referring to an individual or entity in charge for a particular set of decisions on behalf of the US government.


PBRelated to entire countries, or possibly countries in North America or Western Hemisphere. [status: Speculative]
PBHISTORY"Central Intelligence Agency project to gather and analyze documents from the Arbenz government in Guatemala that would incriminate Arbenz as a Communist."
PBPRIMEUnited States of America.
PBSUCCESSProject to overthrow Arbenz government in Guatemala in 1954.
PBSWINGU.S. Embassy or official installation.
PBWIZARDEarly fifties project involving attorney Edward P. Morgan, former FBI agent who blew the whistle on the Castro assassination plots in the late sixties. This project used Morgan as a conduit for the CIA to secretly donate money to John Hopkins University and the School for Advanced International Studies. [status: Probable]


QDAnti-Castro activists working directly with William Pawley. [status: Speculative]
QDBIASPedro Diaz Lanz.
QDCHARMarcos Diaz Lanz, brother of Pedro Diaz Lanz.
QDCOVERicardo de la Lorie, aka Ricardo Luis de la Lorie-Bals, aka Ricardo Lorie Valls.
QDDALEWilliam D. Pawley. A former diplomat, he had also owned major sugar interests in Cuba, as well as Havana's bus, trolley and gas systems.
QDELFPossibly Hal Hendrix, Source with a great deal of background on Miami journalists. Identity still unknown. [status: Probable]


QK??? [status: Unknown]
QKACTIVEProgram to weaken the Soviet regime, run by the CIA's Soviet division, utilizing radio broadcasts (Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty), the Institute for the Study of the USSR (BGCALLUS) chaired by Stanislaw Stankiewicz, and published articles and books. [status: Probable]
QKENCHANT"Agency project used to provide security approvals on non-Agency personnel and facilities.....to discuss proposed projects, activities, and possible relationships."
QKFLOWAGEUnited States Information Agency/USIA
QKGLACEPropaganda issued by political organizations. [status: Probable]
QKHILLTOPA cryptonym assigned in 1954 to a project to study Chinese Communist brainwashing techniques and to develop interrogation techniques.
QKMAGNETA consortium of agents from Immigration (INS), Customs, the Bureau of International Programs of the Department of Commerce, and the US Coast Guard. The apparent purpose was to allow certain raids on Cuba based on approval from intelligence chiefs. [status: Probable]


WODivisions of the CIA itself (see also KU).
WOBONEThe CIA's Office of Security [status: Probable]
WOHIVEThe Office of Strategic Services
WOMACEDDO - Directorate of Operations (formerly Directorate of Plans).
WOMUSECIA CounterIntelligence staff. [status: Probable]


ZRRelated, in an elastic sense, to CIA foreign intercept and code-breaking activities conducted to collect data for the NSA. [status: Speculative]
ZRAFRAIDCongress of still-unidentified group that held their biennial meeting in December 1963 in Mexico City. [status: Probable]
ZRALERTUse of hypnotism by CounterIntelligence staff in "certain operational situations."
ZRBEACHCommunications intercepts by the CIA that are passed on to the NSA.
ZRCHESTA Staff D project which put Technical Services Division/Audio chief David Christ and his team into Cuba to tap the New China News Agency circuits and obtain information for breaking their commercial codes. [status: Speculative]
ZRCLIFFSouthern Air Transport Inc., a CIA "proprietary" aviation company in Miami.
ZRGRACEThe operation that hunted for the NSA defectors, Martin and Mitchell. [status: Unknown]
ZRJOINTAlternate name for LIENVOY.
ZRKNICKThe communications monitoring operation against Cuban agents in Latin America. To avoid violating the rule prohibiting CIA operations inside the US, the FBI would obtain the take in these instances and then share the results with CIA.
ZRMETALWashington, DC.
ZRPENNYActivity to counter Cuban student participation in communist-sponsored world youth festival in Helsinki in 1962.
ZRPRIMAProgram to penetrate the foreign technical personnel being hired by Castro to work in Havana.
ZRRIFLEProgram to recruit foreign criminal assets for various illegal activities including burglary, wire taps, strong arm work and thefts in support of ZR code breaking work. Later used by William Harvey as a cover for an Executive Action assassinations program.
ZRSIGNA program using American labor organizer and CIA agent Serafino Romualdi. [status: Probable]
ZRSOLOAn alternate name for the Mexico City listening posts of LIFEAT.
ZRWAGONA program of overseas dockside sabotage operations targeting commercial shipments to Cuba. [status: Probable]
ZRWAHOOGeneric intelligence reports on Latin American subjects in the Western Hemisphere, appears to be unverified reports collected outside regular channels that need to be checked out more thoroughly. [status: Probable]


ANTLERSA highly sensitive CIA project to move a defector from Europe to the US "...without leaving any trace of his true identity."
AQUATICAQUATIC was an Office of Technical Security program that deployed a variety of intrusive techniques. Documented usage against Cuban diplomatic facilities in Mexico City.
ARTICHOKEThe study and/or use of "special" interrogation methods and techniques. These "special" interrogation methods have been known to include the use of drugs and hypnosis, and "total isolation", a form of psychological harassment.
ATTICPyotr Popov, who provided information on the Soviet Union to CI/SIG.
BARRThe communications designator for the the JMBAR facility at Key West. [status: Probable]
BEThe CIA nation designation for operations in Soviet controlled Poland. [status: Probable]
BESMOOTHA project to monitor and translate foreign intelligence communications, process the material, and assess and recruit potential targets as intelligence sources.
BEVISION Project using the Polish defector Michael Goleniewski [status: Unknown]
BGACTRESSInternational Organizations Division [status: Probable]
BGGYPSYThe nation of Russia and Russian connected operations. [status: Probable]
BKCROWNCIA. This cryptonym was adopted in the early 1970s. [status: Probable]
BKHERALDCIA, Soviet Bloc division. This cryptonym was used in the 1970s. [status: Probable]
BLANKETA request to permit discussion of National Security Council 5412/2 matters on a need-to-know basis.
BUTANEA surveillance project created at the direction of the Director of Central Intelligence to determine the activities and contacts of Victor Marchetti a former CIA employee with current Agency employees.
BYEMANProgram for clearance for a CIA officer to handle sigint (signals intelligence) materials. [status: Probable]
CANDICuban intelligence service clandestine drop in Mexico City
CAPRICE-1Possibly Oscar Mendoza Concepcion. Cuban intelligence agent, stationed in the Cuban embassy. [status: Speculative]
CARROTExfiltration operation in 1961
CELOTEX-1Physical surveillance by CIA of Washington Post reporter for four month period in early 70s.
CELOTEX-2Surveillance of DC journalist Jack Anderson and his staff.
CIFENCE-4Luis Posada. This cryptonym was used after the use of AMCLEVE-15.
CIMOTIF-1A member of the JURE Cuban exile group that fled Panama and traveled with Manolo (Manuel) Ray. [status: Probable]
CIRASH-6Orlando Garcia Vasquez
CITASTEDirector of Central Intelligence Allen Dulles
CITUTOR-1Rafael Tremols Fresneda, DRE member in Caracas.
DAINOLDDesmond FitzGerald, chief of Special Affairs Section (SAS) during 1963, the successor group to Bill Harvey's Task Force W.
DIThe CIA nation designation for operations in Soviet controlled Czechoslovakia.
DIZTAGThe nation of Czechoslovakia
DMThe CIA nation designation for operations in Soviet controlled Yugoslavia. [status: Probable]
DMLIVIDMajor Djurorie Dujare Djurorie [status: Probable]
DNThe CIA nation designation for South Korea. [status: Probable]
DTDORICIndicator for book distribution programs directed at intellectuals in communist and socialist countries. [status: Probable]
DTFROGSThe nation of El Salvador.
DTGODOWNProjected Mexican intellectual journal.
DTLEAFAGELiterary project to counter Soviet propaganda. [status: Probable]
DYVOURRouting indicator for Mexico City station. [status: Probable]
ERACERB-1Luis Debayle Somoza, President of Nicaragua. [status: Probable]
ERYTHROID-3Captain Franklin Anthony Wheelock Garcia, chief of the Anti-Communist Section, Office of National Security, Nicaragua. [status: Probable]
ESLARD-1Juan Jose Arevalo Bermejo.
ESVEHICLE-1General Miguel Ydigoras Fuentes, president of Guatemala from 1958 to March 1963.
EVAL-3Secretary of CIA officer Nestor Sanchez. [status: Probable]
FJDUSTCable indicator for CIA security.
FJHEARSAYThe Coordinating Secretariat of National Unions of Students (COSEC). Later in the 60s, it became known as the International Student Conference. This organization had contacts with and support from friends within the CIA and was generally supportive of anti-Communist positions.
GFGESTETNERHerbert Manell, chief of anti-Soviet operations in Mexico City station from 1959-1964.
GIAGAR-7A member of the GIAGAR group established to support viable anti-Castro activities in Columbia. [status: Probable]
GOLIATHDescription of the CIA during late fifties and sixties, with perhaps an emphasis on its domestic intelligence activities. [status: Speculative]
GOOSECREEKSlugline used when requests are made for traces or other assistance from Staff D. [status: Speculative]
GRIPWestern European business excecutive of proven reliability, had business inside Cuba and was involved in a variety of operations, including an AMLASH operation to deliver pills to poison or otherwise kill Fidel Castro in a Vedado restaurant between 1962-1964. [status: Unknown]
GYROSERouting indicator for Task Force W's communications regarding Cuba.
HBEPITOMEOfficers Foundation for Youth and Student Affairs. Worked with the International Organizations Division, which later was folded into the Covert Action Division. [status: Probable]
HTBASTEA pitch for defection made by a CIA officer that is as enticing as possible. [status: Probable]
HYSAGE-1Thelma King, Panamanian legislator.
JKLANCECodename for the CIA, adopted by the Agency in about 1967 and borrowed from JFK's Secret Service code name LANCER, in the wake of charges made by New Orleans DA Jim Garrison and others of CIA involvement in the JFK assassination.
KAPOKCable indicator for the highest level of document sensitivity. KAPOK is above RYBAT, which is above EYES ONLY.
KDFACTORA compartmentalized foreign intelligence project originally approved in 1958 as LIEMPTY before it was renamed in 1970. Its role was to provide financial and material support for visual and photographic surveillance operations targeting the Soviet Embassy in Mexico City.
KEYWAYCIA Europe Division
KLDigraph for operations in Bolivia. [status: Probable]
KLAMBROSIA-29Lydia Duran became a CIA source in Bolivia during October 1959. She was the sister-in-law of Cuban consulate secretary Silvia Duran.
KMFLUSHThe nation of Nicaragua.
KMFORGETA program where stories planted by the agency in one country would be clipped and mailed to media in other countries, and such efforts enhanced the likelihood that the stories would be seen by an American correspondent and transmitted home.
KMLASKINGWorld Assembly of Youth, an anti-Communist organization run by the CIA since 1954.
KMPAJAMAThe nation of Mexico.
KMPLEBEThe nation of Peru.
LAROBDouble agent of FBI and USSR. A saIes representative for American Airlines, may be 201-729524, identity remains unknown. [status: Unknown]
LAURICLEAn action indicator for Staff D operations.
LNAGONBureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs. This cryptonym was used during the seventies.
LNERGOFBI, used during the late 60s and 70s.
LPHIDDENAn extremely sensitive operation run by the Office of Security in 1954. Private investigator Robert A. Maheu was paid by a competitor of Aristotle Onassis in 1954 to carry out a campaign of wiretaps and dirty tricks against the Greek shipping tycoon - with the knowledge and approval of the CIA and then-vice president Richard M. Nixon. [status: Unknown]
LPOVERConover Mast Publications [status: Probable]
MERRIMACA penetration and surveillance project designed to monitor dissident groups and potential threats to Agency personnel and operations.
MHDesignation is to signify the program had a worldwide area of operations. [status: Probable]
MHAPRONWorldwide program for the penetration of the power centers and armed forces of the Cuban regime.
MHCHAOSProgram to gather and evaluate all available information about foreign links to racial, antiwar and other protest activity in the United States.
MHCHILDA program encompassing a variety of so-called "babysitting" chores. [status: Probable]
MHDOWELA descriptor for the revelations in 1967 about the CIA's subsidies to the National Student Association, unions, businesses, foundations, and various other groups in the public sphere. [status: Probable]
MHORDERIndicator for negative publicity about the CIA. [status: Probable]
MHVIPEREconomic sabotage operation aimed at Cuba.
MKAn operation of the CIA's Office of Technical Services Staff.
MKCHARITYEquipment basehouse in Mexico City, supported by the CIA's Technical Services Division. http://alphas.wikia.com/wiki/MK-Ultra [status: Speculative]
MKNAOMIA joint project between the CIA and the Army's Special Operations Division involving the use of chemical and biological agents for a variety of purposes including both incapacitation and elimination. Program operational between 1952 and 1970.
MKTOPAZCIA Technical Services Division. Functions included preparation of false documents and related cover/backstop identity materials.
MKTRAPThe technical nomenclature of a hot-mike telephone installation. Beginning in 1962, such a device was installed at the Cuban embassy in Mexico City.
MKULTRAMKULTRA was the principal CIA program involving the research and development of chemical, biological and radiological materials capable of employment in clandestine operations to control human behavior.
MONGOOSEA major covert action program aimed at overthrowing the Castro regime in Cuba from November 1961 to October 1962. The Chief of Operations was Gen. Edward Lansdale, who coordinated the activities among the CIA, the State Department, and the Defense Department.
NEMOV-1Marvin Kantor, a Russian-speaking student who defected to Minsk, and left shortly before Oswald's arrival. Like Oswald, he was the only American in Minsk at the time.
NIEXIT-3An agent handling a communication circuit based in Mexico. [status: Probable]
NOTLOXThe radio channel used by CIA to communicate with MRR inside Cuba.
OLYMPUSA PW effort with the DRE. The plan was to parachute into an airdrop zone and set up propaganda programs for the guerilla movement.
OPIMOperational immediate
OWVLOne way, coded radio telegraphy link. Required sender/receiver one time PAD for decoding message.
PALPCIA Headquarters station in Washington, D.C.
PARAGONThe domestic surveillance of Thelma King, a Latin American revolutionary whose group possessed alleged ties to a prominent CIA detractor. The CIA's Office of Security also conducted domestic surveillance of several of King's contacts in multiple US cities.
PASSAVOYCol. Wendell C. Johnson, retired Army colonel, was hired in 1961 as a contract agent. [status: Probable]
PAWNEE-3REDSKIN student in Helsinki during the summer of 1959. Friendly with Gregoriy Golub, the Soviet consul in Helsinki. Her Finnish was not as good as that of another REDSKIN student, PAWNEE-5. PAWNEE-3's identity is unknown.
PAWNEE-5REDSKIN student in Helsinki during the summer of 1959. Flirted with Gregoriy Golub, the Soviet consul in Helsinki. During Sept. 1959, Golub began to offer "instant visas" for foreigners seeking to enter the USSR through Helsinki. Lee Oswald was one of the first to use this new arrangement. PAWNEE-5's identity is unknown.
PBIMPULSEA hot-mike telephone, used in Mexico City.
PEKLOKRadio communications circuit used by the MRR before NOTLOX.
PLMHABYSSPersons or events that provide "low points" in the CIA's history. Offered from the viewpoint of the Office of Security. [status: Speculative]
PLVWBLANKETDescriptor for embarrassing information about the CIA that has or will enter the public arena. [status: Probable]
QJBANNER-1Uncertain at this time.
QJWINJose Marie Andre Mankel
QKIVORYNational Committee for a Free Europe and its subcommittees.
QKOPERACongress of Cultural Freedom, sponsoring Western intellectuals, artists, and musicians - some knew about their CIA benefactors, while others did not.
QUHOPS-1Jose Luis Gonzalez Gallarreta who was associated with the CIA AMLASH Operation.
QUSPORT-1Bichi Bernal, Cuban military attache in Japan who was recruited by the CIA and then defected.
QUSWIFT-1Earl Williamson, Chief of Madrid Station in the nation of Spain [status: Probable]
QUSWIFT-7Miguelina Teurbe-Tollon Collado, nicknamed"Tota", a woman in Paris that worked with the AMLASH group after her partner was killed in a Cuban prison.
REDCAPREDCAP was a program of operational exploitation of Soviet personnel. Included within its objectives was inducement of Soviets to defect from their official posts, or to extract information from them in the course of attempting to convince them to defect.
REDCOATInformation indicator for the Soviet/Eastern European Division.
REDSKINCIA source program based in legal travelers to the Iron Curtain countries.
REDSOXIllegal operations mounted into the USSR.
REDTOPCIA Soviet Division.
REDWOODAction indicator for the Soviet/Eastern European Division.
RYBAT"Slug" indicating a high level of extreme sensitivity for message.
SGHOUSEAn accounting program used to provide vouchered funds for administrative purposes.
SKEWER-1Luis A. Ferre, former governor of Puerto Rico
SLEEPERThis project used a Cuban official within the Communist Party to gather intelligence. [status: Probable]
SLFREE-1Irving Richard Poyle, jailed in Cuba between 1964-1973. 201-733547.
SMThe CIA nation designation for the United Kingdom. [status: Probable]
SMOTHMI-6, the British intelligence agency that provides the British government with foreign intelligence.
STESCALADEThe bugging or attempted bugging of the New China News Agency in Havana by David Christ and his Office of Technical Security colleagues in 1960. [status: Probable]
TARBRUSHA black propaganda program run by the Mexico City station during the 1950s-1960s.
TOPAZIn Leon Uris' book Topaz, this was the pseudonym for Phillipe Thyraud de Vosjoli, member of the French intelligence service SDECE.
TPELIDEAt least through 4/64, used by the Mexico City station as a generic term for "embassy" and also used for a CIA team conducting surveillance. Caused confusion within CIA ranks. [status: Probable]
TWIXTRobert Maheu's first project with the CIA, assigning him to work against the interests of Greek industrialist Aristotle Onassis. Maheu was retained by the CIA to aid Onassis' competitor Stavros Nairchos after Onassis cut a deal to control 90% of Saudi Arabia's oil.
UNOperations or agents based in France. [status: Probable]
UNRUMBLE-2Pedro Ruiz Quintero, a Cuban medical student living in Paris.
UNSNAFU-5Angel Luis Fernandez Ruiz, worked at Cuban Embassy in Paris
UNSNAFU-9Luis Enrique Trasancos, a CIA penetration agent at the Cuban embassy in Paris.
UNSTARAn unknown French diplomat, who in the days after 11/22/63 allegedly claimed that JFK was killed due to a joint plot by the Chinese government and Castro.
WIROGUEDavid Tzitzichvili aka David de Panaskhet.
WSWarfare - more in the context of sabotage than weaponry. Examples would include psychological warfare, political warfare, and economic warfare, in the Cold War context. [status: Probable]
WSACROBATCo-organizers on a literacy seminar. Identity unknown. [status: Unknown]
WSCHILDU.S. National Student Association
WUBONBONBook publishing project - one of the Domestic Operations Division propaganda programs supervised by E. Howard Hunt.
WUBRINYHaitian operations.
WUBRINY-1Thomas Devine, former CIA staffer who then became an "oil-wildcatting associate" with George Bush at Zapata Offshore Drilling Company. Devine also became a member of the investment firm of Train, Cabot and Associates, New York. [status: Probable]
WUMUTUALA mutual fund, used as a proprietary corporation by the CIA. [status: Probable]
YEASTSlugline used for Operation Yeast, a landing plan for a small group during the Bay of Pigs.
YOACREGuantanamo Naval Base.
YOBELTUniversity of Miami. [status: Probable]
ZIPPERGehlen Organization
ZODIACInternal CIA system for processing travel information regarding all Soviet satellite nationals that travel into or from the United States.
ZOMBIEA list maintained within the CIA's Records Integration Division of all non-Soviet/satellite nationals who travel to the Soviet bloc.
ZRTORCHCommunications between CIA officers and defectors or potential defectors. [status: Probable]

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